从中考试题看初中英语的常考动词 有免费初中试题下载吗_教学资源|题库|学习文库-「普洱教育」

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从中考试题看初中英语的常考动词 有免费初中试题下载吗

教学资源|题库|学习文库-「普洱教育」来源: https://www.puerjy.cn 2020-02-08 20:11初二 34842 ℃
有免费初中试题下载吗
学习必备 欢迎下载 从中考试题看初中英语的常考动词 对于初中英语学习者来说,动词是最难学的一个实词类别。纵观历届中考命题,有关动词的内容占的比例相当大,它常常与时态、语态,语境交流等诸方面结合起来进行综合测试。通过研读中考试题,我们会发现常考的英语常考动词有以下一些: 一、“使/让……”概念的动词 [考题]Be careful , Jane. Don’t ______ your hands dirty. A. get B. keep C. have D. let [分析]选A [归纳]这类动词常见的有:have , let , make , get , keep , drive , send , leave , cause等,它们后边分别可跟不定式、分词、形容词、介词短语、名词等作宾语补足语。如: I felt sorry to have kept you waiting for me so long. 对不起,让你久等了。 The victory sent our spirits rising. 胜利使得我们情绪高涨。 二、考查不定式作宾补,不定式符号省略或保留的动词 [考题] ① She asked him ______ her up at six o’clock in the morning. A. wake B. to wake C. waking ② Li lei is often made ______a lot of homework at home. A. do B. does C. to do D. washing [分析]①选B。
ask后跟带 to 的不定式作宾补。②选C。 make之后要求跟省略to 的不定式作宾补。注意:变成被动语态时不定式符号to 要补上。 [归纳]常见的带to的不定式作宾补的动词有:ask,tell,want,would like,wish,like,teach等;省略to 的不定式作宾补的动词有:see,watch,hear,observe,feel,notice,listen to,look at 等感官动词及表示使役概念的have,let,make等。这类动词在变为被动语态时,其后的不定式符号to需补上。 三、考查只跟不定式作宾语的动词 学习必备 欢迎下载 [考题]They decided _______ at the end of this month. leave back D. not start out [分析]选A 。decide后跟带to的不定式作宾语。 [归纳]此类动词教材中常见有:want , wish, hope,manage , promise ,refuse , pretend ,plan,offer ,decide ,agree ,expect等。
又如: He refused to take any money. 他拒绝收取分文。
四、只接动名词作宾语的动词 [考题]Would you mind ______ a few minutes ? A. wait B. to wait C. waited D. waiting [分析]选D。mind后只能跟动名词,不跟不定式。 [归纳]此类动词教材中常见的有:appreciate , suggest , complete , finish , enjoy , imagine , mind , miss , practice , keep , 学习必备 欢迎下载 excuse , avoid , pardon ,allow等。如: I appreciate her devoting herself to the cause of education . 我非常钦佩她献身教育的精神。
Do you mind my asking a question ? 我问你一个问题你不会介意吧。 形式主动,意义被动的词常见的有:work , open , close , write , cut , look , teach , operate , run , keep , burn , last等,此类词的主语常为物,而且还常与表示表示特征、状况、行为、方式的副词well , easily , long等连用。
如: The clothing sells well . This kind of fruit can keep long . 五、考查既跟不定式又能跟动名词的动词 [考题]Remember ______ your homework here tomorrow . 学习必备 欢迎下载 A. to bring B. to take C. bringing D. taking [分析]选A。remember后既可跟不定式,又可跟动名词。跟不定式表示:“记住要干某事”,跟动名词表示“记得干过某事”。 [归纳]有些动词后既可跟不定式又可跟动名词,意义上无多大区别,常用的有:love , like , hate , prefer , intend , start , continue等。如: I intend to finish / finishing the task this morning . 有些动词后既可跟不定式,又可跟动名词,但意义上有区别,常用的有forget , remember , mean , regret , stop , try等。如: I forgot to close the window . 我忘记了要关窗户。 I forgot to closing the window . 我忘记了已关了窗户。 六、行为动词充当系动词的词 学习必备 欢迎下载 [考题]“We must keep _______ in the library,”the woman said to me _______. A. quiet quietly B. quietly quietly C. quietly : quiet D. quiet quiet [分析]选A。
keep 是系动词,后跟形容词作表语,修饰动词said 应用副词。 [归纳]这类动词不能单独构成动词词组,其后须带有表语(名词、形容词、副词、介词短语、不定式、V-ing 、V-ed)构成表语结构。教材中常见的有: feel , sound , taste , look , smell , seem , appear , become , turn , grow , make , go , run , keep , stay等。如: It sounded like a train that was going under my home . 听起来像有火车在我房子下面飞驰而过。
Keep fit , study hard and work well . 身体好,学习好,工作好。 学习必备 欢迎下载 七、既可接现在分词又可接过去分词作宾语补足语的词 [考题]When they walked along the river , they suddenly heard somebody _______ for help. A. called B. to call C. calling D. calls [分析]选C。
“ have + 宾语 + 过去分词(宾补)”表示“叫某人干某事”。 [归纳]此类动词教材中有:get , keep , have , leave , find , see , notice , hear等。
如: The cheats had the lights burning all night long . Yeaterday Xiao Ming had his hair cut , I hardly recognized him . 八、考查构成固定短语的“短语动词” [考题]If you don’t know a word , you must ______ the word in a dictionary . 学习必备 欢迎下载 A. look up B. look down C. look down D. look out [分析]选A。 look up在(字/词典里)查找;look down向下看;look over 仔细检查;look out 向外看。
[归纳]教材中此类动词数量较大。如:act as 充当;believe in 相信;deal with 处理;lead to 导致;refer to 提到; send for 派人前往;die out 灭绝;set off 出发; warm up 暖和起来; make fun of 取笑; make friends with 与……交朋友;get along with 与……相处; look forward to 期望;do away with 废除等。
又如: We must look into the matter immediately. 我们必须马上调查此事。 The old should learn from the young and keep up with the times . 老年人应向青年人学习,跟上时代发展的步伐。 有免费初中试题下载吗。
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