陕西师范大学2014级硕士研究生英语期末考试题(A) 陕西师范大学初中试题_教学资源|题库|学习文库-「普洱教育」

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陕西师范大学2014级硕士研究生英语期末考试题(A) 陕西师范大学初中试题

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陕西师范大学初中试题
陕西师范大学2014级硕士研究生英语期末考试题(A) 院系____________________________ 姓名___________________ 座位号____________ 班号______________ 学号___________________ 注意事项: 1.请将答案直接做到机读卡和答题纸上。 2.本试题共13页,满分100分,考试时间150分钟。 3.本课程为闭卷考试。 Non-English Major Graduate Student English Test Test Booklet 试卷一 Paper One Part I Part I Listening Comprehension(15minutes, 15points) Section A (1 point each) Directions: In this section, you will hear nine short conversations between two speakers. At the end of each conversation, a third voice will ask a question about what was said. Both the conversation and the question will be spoken only once. Choose the best answer from the four choices given by marking the corresponding letter with a single bar across the square bracket on your Answer Sheet. 1. A. There aren’t enough supplies of fuel for the coming cold winter. B. No fuel is available. C. The cold weather has increased the demand for food. D. They are inexperienced in dealing with a severe winter. 2. A. He loves his present job. . B. He is to open a store. C. He is about to retire. D. He works in a repair shop. 3. A. To cancel his trip. B. To go to bed early. C. To catch a later flight. D. To ask for a wake-up call. 4. A. Right now. B. In the physics class. C. After the class. D. In the afternoon. 5. A. She will do her best if the job is worth doing. B. She prefers a life of continued exploration. C. She will stick to the job if they pay is good. D. She doesn’t think much of job-hopping. 6. A. He dislikes food from the snack bar. 1 B. He doesn’t need anything. C. He asks the woman to buy a newspaper for him. D. He will go with the woman and hand in his term paper. 7. A. $$120. B. $$ 180. C. $$ 90. D. $$ 40. 8. A. They should take the train instead. B. They have to drive Shanghai for economic reason. C. They’d better drive faster. D. Their watches are too expensive. 9. A. The doctor and the patient. B. The mother and the son. C. The customer and the waiter. teacher and the student. Section B (1 point each) Directions: In this section, you will hear three short passages. At the end of each passage, there will be some questions. Both the passage s and the questions will be read to you only once. After each questions there will be a pause. During the pause, you must choose the best answer from the four choices given by marking the corresponding letter with a single bar across the square bracket on your Answer Sheet. 10. A. Because many young people have moved into comfortable apartments. B. Because many old houses in the bad part of the town are not inhabited. C. Because many older people sell their houses after children leave. D. Because many people have quit their old houses to build new ones. 11. A. They have to do their own maintenance. B. They have to furnish their own houses. C. They will find it difficult to make the rest of the payment. D. They will find it difficult to dispose of their old style furniture. 12. A. 160,000. B. 320,000. C. 15,000. D. 30,000. 13. A. Due to heat-waves. B. Due to scorching summer. C. Due to mosquitoes. D. Due to warmer temperatures, droughts and floods. 14. A. They are usually cleverer. B. They get tired easily. C. They are more likely to make minor mental errors. D. They are more skillful in handling equipment. 15. A. Their lack of concentration resulting from mental stress. 2 B. The lack of consideration for them in equipment design. C. The probability of their getting excited easily. D. Their slowness in responding. Part II Vocabulary (10 minutes, 10 points) Section A (0.5 point each) Directions: There are ten sentences in this section. Each sentence has one word or a set of words underlined. Below the sentence are four words or phrases marked A, B, C, and D. Choose the word or phrase that is closest in meaning to the underlined one. Mark the corresponding letter with single bar across the square bracket on your Answer Sheet. 16. Evidence, reference, and footnotes by the thousand testify to a scrupulous researcher who does considerable justice to a full range of different theoretical and political positions. A. meticulous baby. A. depict B. advocate C. criticize D. analyze 18. They achieved more than they had ever dreamed, lending a magic to their family story that no tale or ordinary life could possibly rival. A. confirm A. imminent B. achieve B. recyclable C. match C. smelly D. exaggerate  D. poisonous 19. The most urgent thing is to find a dump for those toxic industrial wastes. 20. British Prime Minister Tony Blair promised the electorate that guns would not be fired without an attempt to win a further U.N. sanction.  A. allies B. delegates C. voters C. freezing C. clever design D. juries D. revealing D. joint effort 21. The analysis suggests that the trade off between our children’s college and our own retirement security is chilling. A. frightening B. promising A. secret plan B. bold attack 22. Their signing of the treaty was regarded as a conspiracy against the British Crown. 23. Furthermore, the campaign itself was lavishly financed, with plenty of money for top flight staff, travel, and television commercials. A. potently A. impatient B. sympathetically B. tolerant C. generously C. crude D. unconditionally D. irate 24. The indignant passengers on the trolley-bus beat the pickpocket black and blue when they caught him. 25. Except for coarse earthen-wares, which can be made from clay as it is found in the earth, pottery is made from special clays plus other materials mixed to achieve the desired results. A. conventional Section B (0.5 point each) Directions: There are ten sentences in this section. Each sentence has something omitted. Choose the word or words from the four choices given to best complete each sentence. 26. Studies on film consumers had indicated teenage audience as a prime market, with the result that Hollywood filmmakers __________ catered to that market, sometimes at the expense of adult fare. 3 orthy C. intelligent nt 17. He claims that advertising today tends to portray women in traditional roles such as cooking or taking care of the B. unique C. genuine D. crude A. obediently B. operatically C. obsessively D. outrageously 27. International sport should create goodwill between the nations, but in the present organization of the Olympics somehow encourages ________patriotism.  A. obsolete B. aggressive C. harmonious D. amiable 28. One can understand others much better by noting the immediate and fleeting reactions of their eyes and ________ to expressed thoughts. A. dilemmas B. countenances for power. A. strive in 9 years. A. soared world. A. genius A. negligent A. reconciled A. passed on A. paradoxes Part III Cloze (10 minutes, 10points) Directions: Read the passage through. Then go back and choose one item of suitable word(s) marked A, B, C, or D for each blank in the passage. Mark the corresponding letter of the word(s) you have chosen with a single bar across the square bracket on your Answer Sheet. Music comes in many forms; most countries have a style of their own. (36)____ the turn of the century when jazz was born, America had no prominent (37)____ of its own. No one knows exactly when jazz was (38)______,or by whom. But it began to be (39)_____ in the early 1900s. Jazz is America’s contribution to (40)______ music. In contrast to classical music, which (41)______ formal European traditions, jazz is spontaneous and free form. It bubbles with energy, (42)______ the moods, interests, and emotions of the people. In the 1920s jazz (43)______like America, and (44)_____ it does today. The (45)______ of this music are as interesting as the music(46)______. American Negroes, or blacks, as they are called today, were the jazz (47)______. They were brought to Southern States (48)______ slaves. They were sold to plantation owners and forced to work long (49)______. When a Negro died, his friend and relatives (50)______ a procession to carry the body to the cemetery. In New Orleans, a band often accompanied the (51)_______.On the way to the cemetery the band played slow, solemn music suited to the occasion. (52)_______ on the way home the mood changed. Spirits lifted. Death had removed one of their (53)______, but the living were glad to band played (54)_______ music, improvising on both the harmony and the melody of the tunes (55)______ at the music made everyone want to dance. It was an early form of 4 C. concessions D. junctions 29. People innately ________ for superiority over their peers although it sometimes takes the form of an exaggerated lust B. ascertain C. justify D. adhere 30. According to the latest report, consumer confidence ________ a breathtaking 15 points last month, to its lowest level B. mutated C. plummeted D. fluctuated 31. Melissa is a computer ________ that destroyed files in computers and frustrated thousands of users around the B. virus B. edible B. consolidated B. passed up C. disease C. fabulous C. deteriorated C. passed by D. analogies D. bacteria D. disproportionate D. attributed D. passed out 32. The ________ emphasis on examinations is by far the worst form of competition in schools. 33. The boy seemed more ________ to their poverty after seeing how his grandparents lived. 34. During his two-month stay in China, Tom never ________ a chance to practice his Chinese. 35. When a person dies, his debts must be paid before his ________ can be distributed. B. legacies C. platitudes jazz. 36. A. By 37. A. music 38. A. discovered 39. A. noticed 40. A. classical 41. A. forms 42. A. expressing 43. A. appeared 44. A. does 45. A. origins 46. A. concerned 47. A. players 48. A. for 49. A. months 50. A. demonstrated 52. A. Even 53. A. number 54. A. sad 55. A. whistled B. At B. song B. acted B. found B. sacred B. follows B. explaining B. felt B. did B. originals B. itself B. followers B. as B. weeks B. composed B. Therefore B. members B. solemn B. sung C. In C. melody C. invented C. listened C. popular C. approaches C. exposing C. seemed C. do C. discoveries C. available C. fans C. with C. hours C. hosted C. body C. Furthermore C .body C. happy C. presented D. On D. style D. designed D. heard D. light D. introduces D. illustrating D. sounded D. sounds D. resources D. oneself D. pioneers D. by D. times D. formed D. march D. But D. relations D. funeral D. showed 51. A. demonstration B. procession Part IV Reading Comprehension (45 minutes, 30 points) Directions: In this part of the test, there are six short passages for you to read. Read each passage carefully and then the questions that follow. Choose the best answer A, B, C, or D, and mark the corresponding letter with a single bar across the square bracket on your Answer Sheet. Passage one Questions 56 to 60 are based on the following passage. There is a difference between scienceand technology. Science is a method of answering theoretical questions; technology is a method of solving practical problems. Science has to do with discovering the facts and relationships between observable phenomena in nature and with establishing theories that serve to organize these facts and relationships; technology has to do with tools, techniques, and procedures for implementing the finding of science. Another distinction between scienceand technology has to do with the progress in each. Progress in science excludes the human factor. Scientists, who seek to comprehend the universe and know the truth within the highest degree of accuracy and certainty, cannot pay attention to their own or other people's likes or dislikes or to popular ideas about the fitness of things. What scientists discovermay shockor anger people — as did Darwin’s theory of evolution. But even an unpleasant truth is more than likely to be useful; besides, we have the choice of refusing to believe it。
But hardly so with technology: we do not have the choice of refusing to hear the sonic boom produced by a supersonic aircraft flying overhead; we do not have the option of refusing to breathe polluted air; and we do not have the option of living in a non-atomic age. Unlike science, progress in technology must be measured in terms of the human 5 factor. Technology must be our slave and not the reverse. The legitimate purpose of technology is to serve people in general, not merely some people; and future generations, not merely those who presently wish to gain advantage for themselves. We are all familiar with the abuses of technology. Many people blame technology itself for widespread pollution, resource depletion and even social decay in general — so much so that the promise of technology is obscured. That promise is a cleaner and healthier world. If wise application of science and technology do not lead to a better world, what else will? 56. The difference between science and technology lies in that _____. A. the former provides answers to theoretical questions while the latter to practical problems B. the former seeks to comprehend the universe while the latter helps change the material world C. the former aims to discoverthe inter-connections of facts and the rules that explain them while the latter, to discover new designs and ways of making the things we use in our daily life D. all of the above 57. Which of the following may be representative of science? A. The origin of the species. B. The theory of evolution. C. Farming tools. D. Mass production. 58. According to the author, scientific theories _____. A. must be strictly objective B. usually take into consideration people’s likes and dislikes C. should conform to popular opinions D. always appear in perfect and finished forms 59. The author states that technology itself _____. A. is responsible for widespread pollution and resource exhaustion B. should serve those who wish to gain advantage for themselves C. will lead to a better world if put to wise use D. will inevitably be for bad purpose 60. What is the suitable title for this passage? A. Science and Technology B. Difference Between Science and Technology. C. Science — the way to comprehend the universe. D. Technology — Discovering New Designs. Passage Two Questions 61 to 65 are based on the following passage. Since its foundation in 1954, the United Nations has written into its major covenants(契约) the need to establish minimum ages for marriage. But the custom of marriage is a highly sensitive cultural issue, mainly because it is so unpleasantly involved with women’s rights and societal traditions and practices, and rules on marriage vary widely between countries. Some countries, particularly in West Africa, still do not have a legal minimum age for marriage. 6 In the West, a 13-year-old is still considered a child. Even getting married in one’s late teens is not usually encouraged because married life is likely to interfere with a young woman’s education and consequently restrict opportunities in later life. And there are also physical dangers in giving birth so young. The World Health Organization has over the past ten years identified early childbirth as a major cause of female mortality in many countries. Under Islamic religious law, the age of consent for sex and marriage is puberty, which Muslims say is in harmony with the biological transition from childhood into adulthood. In Muslim countries such as Saudi Arabia, Iran and Pakistan, the age of puberty at around 13 or 14 is the legal age for marriage, but in Turkey it is 15, and in Egypt and Tunisia, 18 the same minimum age as in many Western countries. It is argued that by allowing earlier marriages, Islamic law is promoting stable relationships, while Western laws are encouraging promiscuity among young people. In many countries, the trends of urbanization and education for girls have seen a drop in the number of child brides. However, early marriages continue to occur in poor rural areas, where society works very much on personal arrangement between families, villages and communities. And it doesn’t only happen in countries which don’t have a legal minimum age. In India, for example, the legal age of marriage for a girl is 18 and to a boy, 21. Yet, according to government statistics, 18 percent of ten to fourteen-year old girls in the poor, rural state of Rajasthan in the northwest of the country are married. There are obvious social and economical advantages for doing this: by marrying off their daughters early, families no longer have to provide for them and the younger the bride the smaller the dowry, or wedding price, demanded by the groom’s family. It is clear, then, that child marriages are connected with poverty, lack of education and rural customs such as dowries; there don’t tend to be any child marriages in urban or rich areas. So, unless these real causes are addressed, it will be extremely hard to enforce change, even when change is dictated by a country’s governing body. 61. What is the topic of this passage? A. Child brides. B. Early marriages. C. Minimum age for marriage. D. Different attitudes towards early marriages. 62. The word ―promiscuity‖(Para. 3) means__________. A. unstable partnership B. firm partnership C. diverse relationship D. single relationship 63. __________is likely to marry late. A. Women from less educated background B. Women from rural areas C. Women from Islamic countries D. Women from cities 64. Child marriages are NOT related to __________according to the passage. A. social position B. rural customs C. personal arrangements D. religion 65. According to the passage, getting married early does all of the following EXCEPT__________. A. reducing a young woman’s education B. limiting a young woman’s chances C. causing infant death D. doing harm to a young woman’s health 7 B. Passage Three Questions 66 to 70 are based on the following passage. Tracking down cybercriminals who steal credit card numbers, transfer money from other people’s accounts, or e-mail viruses around the world takes a knowledge of the technology used to commit the crimes. Instead of using fingerprints or following suspects, government agents painstakingly sort out the mess of numbers and symbols and letters that can lead them back through the computer system to the cybercriminals. One such investigation led to the arrest of the man accused of sending the extremely dangerous Melissa virus, a computer virus that destroyed files in computers around the world in the spring of 1999. The agents received help from online service technicians, software experts, and a computer-science student. All helped to trace the complex pathways of the virus back to the telephone line and computer of the man who released it. In another case, agents worked for two years to catch a cybercriminal who was, among other offenses, stealing credit card numbers. Agents found him by tracing a path from a computer he broke into to the mobile telephone he had used, which led to his address—and arrest. The government agents are also working to block cybercriminals who could cut off power and confuse telephone companies. ―Think of the consequences if the power went out for a week—not in just one town or city but down the whole East Coast,‖ says Michael Vatis, an FBI agent. From TVs to hospital equipment, all would fail. Makaveli and TooShort were arrested for the charges of breaking into computers. They were given probation, required to perform community service, and prevented from having home computers with modems. Punishment for adults can be more severe and usually includes some jail people use their computers legally. For the few who don’t, however, cyberpolice and better security systems will make it harder for cybercriminals to get away with their crimes. 66. Which of the following can help government agents catch cybercriminals? A. Numbers, symbols and letters. B. Credit card numbers. C. Suspects’ fingerprints. D. The technology used to commit the crimes. 67. Why was the Melissa virus extremely dangerous? A. Technicians, experts, and a student were involved. B. Because it destroyed computer files on the world scale. C. Telephone companies were confused. D. The power in the government building was cut off. 68. What can be inferred from the last paragraph? A. The author warns hackers of getting away from committing cybercrimes. B. The author complains about cybercrimes. C. The author suggests hackers not to commit cybersrimes. D. The author commands that hackers must stop committing cybercrims. 69. What does the FBI agent say about the consequence of a computer crime? A. There would beno more television programs to watch. B. A city would be no more thrown into darkness. C. Power would be out down the East Coast for a week. 8 D. Many telephone companies would go bankrupt. 70. Which of the following is NOT mentioned as a way of punishing the cybercriminals? A. Being put into prison. B. Sentenced to death. C. Not being allowed to own computers with modems at home. D. Doing something for the company. Passage Four Questions 71 to 75 are based on the following passage. There are two factors which determine an individual’s intelligence. The first is the sort of brain he is born with. Human brains differ considerably, some being more capable than others. But no matter how good a brain he has to begin with, an individual will have a low order of intelligence unless he has opportunities to learn. So the second factor is what happens to the individual— the sort of environment in which he is brought up. If an individual is handicapped environmentally, it is likely that his brain will fail to develop and he will never attain the level of intelligence of which he is capable. The importance of environment in determining an individual’s intelligence can be demonstrated by the case history of the identical twins, Peter and Mark. Being identical, the twins had identical brains at birth, and their growth processes were the same. When the twins were three months old, their parents died, and they were placed in separate foster homes. Peter was raised by parents of low intelligence in an isolated community with poor educational opportunities. Mark was reared in the home of well-to-do parents who had been to college. He was read to as a child, sent to good schools, and given every opportunity to be stimulated intellectually. This environmental difference continued until the twins were in their late teens, when they were given tests to measure their intelligence. Mark’s I. Q. was 125, twenty-five points higher than the average and fully forty points higher than his identical brother. Given equal opportunities, the twins, having identical brains, would have tested at roughly the same level. 71. This selection can best be titled__________. A. Measuring Your Intelligence B. Intelligence and Environment C. The Case of Peter and Mark D. How the Brain Influences Intelligence 72. The best statement of the main idea of this passage is that _______. A. human brains differ considerably B. the brain a person is born with is important in determining his intelligence C. environment is crucial in determining a person’s intelligence D. persons having identical brains will have roughly the same intelligence 73. According to the passage, the average I. Q. is_______. A. 85 . B. 100 C. 110 D. 125 74. The case history of the twins appears to support the conclusion that_______. A. individuals with identical brains seldom test at the same level B. an individual’s intelligence is determined only by his environment 9 C. lack of opportunity blocks the growth of intelligence D. changes of environment produce changes in the structure of the brain 75. This passage suggests that an individual’s I. Q. _______. A. can be predicted at birth B. stays the same throughout his life C. can be increased by education D. is determined by his childhood Passage Five Questions 76 to 80 are based on the following passage. A lot of animals are afraid during an eclipse1 of the sun. Birds stop singing. Sometimes people too are afraid. Astronomers2 know the dates of eclipses and they are not afraid. The old astronomers of Babylon and Egypt had no telescopes3; but the sky in those countries is usually clear, and so they could watch the stars easily. They studied everything in the sky and they also noticed both total and partial eclipses. Because they knew the dates of eclipses, they had great power. People believed that the sky was important. They believed that an eclipse could kill a man. About 2500 years ago there was a very long war. One battle followed another, and the end never came. During one of the battles, there was a partial eclipse of the sun. The day got very dark, and the soldiers on both sides were filled with fear. They believed that the gods were angry. So they stopped fighting,and ended their long war. The sun is a star. It appears to be bigger than any other star. That is because it is near us; but the other stars are far away. The sun shines because it is very hot,but the moon shines because it reflects the sun's light. It is like a big mirror. If we visited the moon,we should see the earth. It is also like a mirror and it reflects the light of the sun. Does the sun ever get dark during the day? It does so when the moon hides it. Sometimes the moon goes in front of the sun. We can watch its edge when it slowly crosses the sun's disc5. Everything gets darker and darker; then,at last,we cannot see any part of the sun's disc. The moon is hiding it completely. That is a total eclipse of the sun; sometimes only part of the sun's disc is hidden; that is not a total eclipse. It is a partial eclipse of the sun. 76. The passage is mainly about________. A. the old astronomers e of the sun C. the eclipses in Babylon and Egypt D. the correlation between the sun and the earth 77. We can conclude from the passage that_______. people are afraid of eclipse of the sun old astronomers could watch the stars easily with telescopes old astronomers had mo interest in the sky date of eclipse could be forecast 78. The war mentioned in the third paragraph ended because________. astronomers used their great power to stop it eclipse killed the soldiers on both sides war took so long time that the soldiers felt tired 10 D.a partial eclipse of the sun happened during one of the battles 79. Which of the following statements is TRUE? sun is very hot because it shines. moon can shine because it is a star. C. Other stars appear to be smaller than the sun because they are far away. D. The earth cannot reflect the light of the sun because it isn’t a real mirror. 80. It can be concluded that an eclipse of the sun happens because________. A. the moon passes between the sun and the earth B. the sun gets dark during the day C. the earth’s shadow falls on the moon D. no light from the sun can reach the moon Passage Six Questions 81 to 85 are based on the following passage. The tourist trade is booming. With all this coming and going, you’d expect greater understanding to develop between the nations of the world. Not a bit of it。 Superb systems of communication by air, sea and land make it possible for us to visit each other’s countries at a moderate cost. What was once the ―grand tour‖, reserved for only the very rich, is now within everybody’s grasp. The package tour and chartered flights are not to be sneered at. Modern travelers enjoy a level of comfort which the lords and ladies on grand tours in the old days couldn’t have dreamed of. But what's the sense of this mass exchange of populations if the nations of the world remain basically ignorant of each other? Many tourist organizations are directly responsible for this state of affairs. They deliberately set out to protect their clients from too much contact with the local population. The modern tourist leads a cosseted, sheltered life. He lives at international hotels, where he eats his international food and sips his international drink while he gazes at the natives from a distance. Conducted tours to places of interest are carefully censored. The tourist is allowed to see only what the organizers want him to see and no more. A strict schedule makes it impossible for the tourist to wander off on his own; and anyway, language is always a barrier, so he is only too happy to be protected in this way. At its very worst, this leads to a new and hideous kind of colonization. The summer quarters of the inhabitants of the cite universitaire: are temporarily reestablished on the island of Corfu. Blackpool is recreated at Torremolinos where the traveler goes not to eat paella, but fish and chips. The sad thing about this situation is that it leads to the persistence of national stereotypes. We don’t see the people of other nations as they really are, but as we have been brought up to believe they are. You can test this for yourself. Take five nationalities, say, French, German, English, American and Italian. Now in your mind, match them with these five adjectives: musical, amorous, cold, pedantic, native. Far from providing us with any insight into the national characteristics of the peoples just mentioned, these adjectives actually act as barriers. So when you set out on your travels, the only characteristics you notice are those which confirm your preconceptions. You come away with the highly unoriginal and inaccurate impression that, say, ―Anglo-Saxons are hypocrites‖ of that ―Latin peoples shout a lot‖. You only have to make a few foreign friends to understand how absurd and harmful national stereotypes are. But how can you make foreign friends when the tourist trade does its best to prevent you? Carried to an extreme, stereotypes can be positively dangerous. Wild generalizations stir up racial hatred and blind us to the basic fact—how trite it sounds。 – that all people are human. We are all similar to each other and at the same time all unique. 11 81. The best title for this passage is _________. A. Tourism Contributes Nothing To Increasing Understanding Between Nations B. Tourism Is Tiresome C. Conducted Tour Is Dull D. Tourism Really Does Something To One’s Country 82. What is the author’s attitude toward tourism? A. apprehensive. B. negative. C. critical. D. appreciative. 83. Which word in the following is the best to summarize Latin people shout a lot? A. Silent. B. Noisy. C. Lively. D. Active. 84. The purpose of the author’s criticism is to point out _________. A. conducted tour is disappointing. B. the way of touring should be changed. C. when traveling, you notice characteristics which confirm preconception. D. national stereotypes should be changed. 85. Which of the following is true about ―grand tour‖ now? A. The moderate cost. B. Local sight-seeing is investigated by the tourist organization. C. People enjoy the first-rate comforts. D. Everybody can enjoy the ―grand tour‖. 试卷二 Paper Two Part V Translation (20 points) Section A (20 minutes, 10 points) Directions: Put the following paragraphs into Chinese. Write your Chinese version in the proper space on Answer Sheet II. (1) Love can tolerate imperfection. In a love relationship there are times when I am bored, times when I may feel like giving up, times of real strain, and times I feel I can’t move forward. Authentic love does not imply enduring happiness. I can stay during rough times, however, because I can remember what we had together in the past, and I can picture what we will have together in our future if we care enough to face our problems and work them through. We agree with the idea that love is a spirit that changes life. Love is a way of life that is creative and that transforms. However, love is not reserved for a perfect world. Love is meant for our imperfect world where things go wrong. Love is meant to be a spirit that works in painful situations. Love is meant to bring meaning into life where nonsense appears to rule. In other words, love comes into an imperfect world to make it possible to live. (2) Science is not a set of unquestionable results but a way of understanding the world around us. Its real work is slow. The scientific method, as many of us learned in school, is gradual process that begins with a purpose or a problem or 12 question to be answered. It includes a list of materials, a procedure to follow, a set of observations to make and finally, conclusions to reach. In medicine, when a new drug is proposed that might cure or control disease, it is first tested on a large random group of people, and their reactions are then compared with those of another random group not given the drug. All reactions in both groups are carefully recorded and compared, and the drug is evaluated. All of this takes time — and patience. Section B (20 minutes, 10 points) Directions: Put the following paragraph into English. Write your version in the proper space on Answer sheet II. 中美两国都是大国。自1972年建交以来,两国人民一直友好往来,双边贸易也大幅度上升。
虽然两国政府在某些问题上存在着分歧,但是两国政府能充分考虑到两国人民的利益,并作出了求同存异的明智决定。这种决定有助于促进两国经济贸易的发展,有助于加强双方进一步的对话和交流,并为两国人民创造更多的就业机会。
Part VI Writing (30 minutes, 15 points) Directions: For this part, you are allowed 30 minutes to write a composition on the topic My View on Helping Others in Need. Write your composition in the proper space on the Answer Sheet II. Your composition should be written neatly and clearly. You should write at least 150 words, and base your composition on the outline (given in Chinese) below: 1. 现在,在看到他人遇到困难时,很少有人去伸出援手; 2. 这个现象产生的原因; 3. 我的看法。 13 陕西师范大学初中试题。
湖北省武昌实验中学, 沙井中学, 中学课件, 卫国中学, 全国初中数学联赛,

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