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陕师大大学英语四级试题 陕西师范大学初中试题

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陕西师范大学初中试题
考试日期: 线 陕西师范大学2010—2011学年第二学期补考试卷 大学英语四级 线: 别 类 生 考 订 : 号 学 装 : 名 姓 :上级 班 : 名 ) 系 ( 院 题号 一 二 三 四 五 六 总分 总分人 分数 订 答卷注意事项:
1、学生必须用蓝色(或黑色)钢笔、圆珠笔或签字笔直接在试题卷上答题。

2、答卷前请将密封线内的项目填写清楚。


3、字迹要清楚、工整,不宜过大,以防试卷不够使用。

4、本卷共6 大题,总分为100分。
请注意:考试一开始先进行Part Ⅲ 听力部分的内容。 得分 评卷人 PartⅠ Writing (15%) 装 Directions: For this part, you are allowed 30 minutes to write a composition on the topic :Unemployment upon Graduation. You should write at least 120 words following the outline given below in Chinese. 1)许多大学生毕业后找不到工作 2)产生这一现象的原因 3)解决这一问题的方法 ________________________________________________________________ 下________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________ 第 1 页 ( 共 11 页 ) _______________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________ 第 2 页 ( 共 11 页 ) 得分 评卷人 PartⅡ Reading Scanning)(10%) Comprehension (Skimming and answer the questions. Directions: In this part, go over the passage quickly and For questions 1—7, mark Y (for YES) if the statement agrees with the information given in the passage; N (for No) if the statement contradicts the information given in the passage; NG(for NOT GIVEN) if the information is not given in the passage; For questions 8—10, complete the sentences with the information given in the passage. Preparing for Tests Ideally it should be love of learning, achievement, and self-improvement that prompts all learning. But the average student is probably motivated by a more tangible, immediate, and pressuring reason—the requirement to take and pass tests. Few high school students are not concerned with the aptitude and achievement tests that they must take to get into college. Even students not planning to attend college will take placement, adaptability, and promotion tests if they are to succeed in their field. Promotion in the armed services does not depend on physical prowess (本领) and length of service. It depends, instead, on the ability to study and pass promotional need to understand the importance of tests, the best methods of preparation, the common sense required for both a physical and mental approach to them, how to read instructions and questions correctly, and how to answer the way the test or teacher expects you to answer. This is one of the most valuable psychological benefits that can come from your education. Attitude Toward Tests Dr. Francis on in his book, Effective Study, poses a question: "Did you ever thank a teacher for giving a test?" At first glance you are not likely to find much in your thinking that would help inspire a "yes". The teacher spends a lot of time preparing the test questions. After you have taken the test, the teacher spends many hours carefully evaluating your paper. Mistakes are marked so that when your paper is returned you can go over them and perhaps write in corrections. Then you will not make the same mistakes again. Test as a Personal Battle Do you, like many of your fellow students, consider the test or examination as a personal battle which the teacher wages in an attempt to defeat you, or do you see it as a contest in which one tries to outwit the other? If this is your attitude towards tests, you probably do one of two things when the teacher returns your paper to you. One, you throw it away without bothering to do more than glance through it to see where points 第 3 页 ( 共 11 页 ) were taken off. Or two, without checking an incomplete answer against the facts as studied, you approach the teacher and demand to know why points were taken off. This is the most negative of approaches. The difference in attitude can be seen in the difference between two questions:“Why did you take off points on this question?”and“What should I have included that I did not?” Fear of Taking Tests Another attitude that you should avoid is that of fear. Fear of taking tests results in tension and disturbed thinking. These, in turn, produce blind spots (not being able to remember answers that you knew ten minutes before the test) and careless mistakes. This 线 fear also keeps people from venturing into new areas in life. They may visualize the new method, the better tool, or the strong bridge, but they hesitate until someone else realizes their dreams. Fear prevents success on tests and examinations because fear conditions the mind for ts who are afraid start in a state of confusion and disorder. Thus they throw away the advantages they have gotten by preparation. Students who approach tests with fear are almost always characterized by the following: (1) Their grade is considerably lower than 订 their daily recitation grades, sometimes as much as twenty points lower. (2) They complain about the teacher—insufficient explanation, lack of detailed review, etc. (3) They find fault with the test materials—too long, not the type of questions expected and studied for, didn't understand the wording of questions. (4) Their preparation consists of a frantic last-ditch effort. They suffer from loss of sleep almost to the point of total exhaustion, and often loss of important notes or review material just when they are needed most. (5) Fear drives these students to study for the test with another student. Invariably they choose a study 装companion who has the same attitude of fear. Often the other student's knowledge of the subject is only equal to, or perhaps less than, their own. If you recognize two or more of these characteristics as behaviour patterns which you practise at test and examination time, you should change your attitude as quickly as possible. To continue them is to subject yourself to a climate of tension and fear and to condition yourself for defeat. A Positive Approach to Tests A third attitude is wholly positive. It is the attitude of challenge, self-confidence, and 下 content-reliability. Students who accept a test as a challenge to show the teacher the extent of their knowledge of the subject and to improve their grades are stimulated. This stimulation produces the energy needed to think clearly and to act with precision over a longer period of concentration than the daily recitation requires. The attitude of challenge is 第 4 页 ( 共 11 页 ) 线 订 装 上 考试日期: 线 reflected by enterprising rather than burdensome preparation. Self-confidence develops from this adequate preparation. There is no room for tension and fear. Even a questionable answer is approached by a calculated reliability. The belief is that a worthwhile answer, although perhaps only partially correct, can be worked out. This attitude requires the relationship between student and teacher, and question and answer, always to be one of cooperative production rather than competitive destruction. To adopt an attitude of challenge and self-confidence toward tests and examinations, you 线: 别 类 生 考 订 : 号 学 装 : 名 姓 :上级 班 : 名 ) 系 ( 院 must first understand the real purposes of test. Reasons for Tests Motivation From the student's point of view, the first reason for tests is motivation. Few of us are self-disciplined and motivated enough to educate ourselves without direction and 订requirement. Being tested periodically on accumulated knowledge is a strong motivating force. Chance to Show Knowledge A second reason for tests is that they provide students with a chance to show how much they have learned. Daily recitation does not provide such an opportunity. A test gives the students a chance to show their ability to organize and unify large volumes of material. This is not possible in preparing for day-to-day assignments. Prediction of Future Tests A third reason is that students gain insight into what the teacher considers most 装 important. If test questions deal with main topics and essential principles, the student can accurately estimate the nature of future and larger tests. Discovery of Weaknesses and Progress A fourth important reason is that students can discover both their shortcomings and the extent of their progress. They can carefully study their errors and the general areas in which they occur. They can see a pattern to their errors. They can take steps to correct their weaknesses. They can measure their progress in that subject. And most important of all, they can measure whether or not their mental growth is keeping up with the demand of the subject. 下 Now that you understand the reasons for tests and examinations, and how they benefit both student and teacher, you should not groan when a test is announced. Do not approach it as a burdensome chore or with light indifference. Approach it wlth an honest and determined effort for self-improvement. If you manage this, your grade will manage itself. Questions:1. The writer introduces three major attitudes towards tests and the reasons to 第 5 页 ( 共 11 页 ) take tests. 2. Taking a test as a battle is a positive attitude towards tests that every student should have. 3. Fear of tests may even result in good performance in a test . 4. To take a test as a challenge or opportunity to show your teacher how well you have learned is a positive attitude towards tests. 5. Tests can motivate students to learn. 6. Tests may help teachers know how well the students have learned. 7. From tests, students can know whether they have made progress or not. 8. Through tests students can learn how much________________. 9. Students will discover their ________________ in tests. students know about the reasons for tests, they will approach them with________________. 得分 评卷人 Part Ⅲ Reading Comprehension (Reading in Depth) (50%) Section A Directions:In this section,there is a passage with ten are required to select one word for each blank from a list of choices given in a word bank following the passage. Read the passage carefully before making your choices. Each choice in the bank is identified by a letter. Please mark the corresponding letter for each may not use any of the words in the bank more than once. Questions 47to 56 are based on the following passage. What is an ambassador? Why do we need them? America maintains a diplomatic relationship with nearly 180 countries around the world. American embassies can be found from England to Micronesia to Brazil. An ambassador is the official 47 of the United States in each of these foreign countries. An ambassador performs various tasks. They have many different 48 . With the help of Foreign Service staff, they use diplomacy to promote United States' interests. An ambassador must have 49 communications skills and be up-to-date on the latest political atmosphere in a host country. They 50 constant communication with the State Department and other Executive Branch Departments. Ambassadors are always 51 to help Americans traveling abroad with situations they encounter. They may help them find medical care, help them with legal matters, and, under certain circumstances, an ambassador is responsible for 52 Americans from foreign countries. Ambassadors work hard to keep 第 6 页 ( 共 11 页 ) American citizens safe in the world. Their goals include preventing war, 53 democracy, and advancing human rights. They may become involved in trade 54 and fighting the war on terror. They may also participate in negotiating treaties and 55 between America and other countries. Ambassadors travel around the host country learning about its citizens, customs, and landscape. They 56 welcome important visitors from the United States and host receptions to introduce them to diplomats and important citizens in the country. A )maintain I )agreements B )negotiations J )profitable C )reluctantly K )warmly D )withdrawing L )gathering E )suggestions M )available F )excellent N )responsibilities G )representative O )promoting H )reject 得分 评卷人 Section B: Directions: There are two passages in this passage is followed by five questions or unfinished statements. For each of them there are choices marked A), B) , C) and D) .You should decide on the best choice and mark the corresponding letter with a circle around it. Passage One Questions 57 to 61 are based on the following passage. Much as Americans admire George Washington, the greatest of all American heroes is certainly Abraham Lincoln. Why? Basic to the American philosophy is the idea that an individual with ability, perseverance, and strength of character can achieve success no matter how humble his beginnings. Lincoln is a classic example of the self-made man. Lincoln was born on February12, 1809 in a log cabin in Kentucky. His parents were uneducated and poor. Although Lincoln eventually became a lawyer, he had very little formal schooling .But he did possess a brilliant mind and great moral strength. He had the courage to do what he felt was right, no matter what the sacrifice. In 1860, shortly before the Civil War began, he said, “Let us have faith that right makes might; and in that faith let us fight to the end, dare to do our duty as we understand it.” In 1858, Lincoln had said, “A house divided against itself cannot stand .I believe this government cannot endure permanently half slave and half free.” In keeping with his belief 第 7 页 ( 共 11 页 ) Lincoln issued the Emancipation Proclamation in 1863, declaring all slaves in the rebellious states to be free. After the Civil War, the thirteenth amendment to the Constitution was adopted. This amendment freed all slaves throughout the nation. Because he was a masterful writer who could express his beliefs clearly and with great emotional force, Lincoln was able to make Northerners understand why they were fighting a bloody civil war. In 1863, in dedicating a national cemetery in Gettysburg, Pennsylvania , he concluded his shortest and most famous address with the following wish : “…that this nation , under God, shall have a new birth of freedom, and that government of the people, by the 线people ,for the people shall not perish from the earth.” of the reasons that the American people regard Lincoln as a hero is that Lincoln was a man of _____. A) ability B) action C) success D) words one of the following statements is true? A) Lincoln was well-educated. B) Lincoln’s parents were very poor but they received much schooling . 订 C) Lincoln was of humble origin. D) Lincoln was so obstinate that he persisted in his beliefs. does the word “endure” mean in the third paragraph ? A) last B) put up with C) obey D) suffer ing to the passage, Lincoln won the Northern people in the civil war because ______. A) he was a masterful writer. B) he could control people’s feelings. C) he could appeal to people’s feelings. D) he talked very much. 装 61. What does the word “address” mean in the last paragraph? A) place B) eloquence C) speech D) dedication Passage Two Questions 62 to 66 are based on the following passage. My guess is that English will retain its currency (通用,流行) in the world for the next 50 years or so, but it is difficult to see it retaining it beyond then. If the Chinese could establish some reasonable way of writing their language by forming a sort of alphabeticisation (拼音 下文字),then given the rapid population growth among Chinese communities, their language would rapidly gain in importance. And some predict that there will be a Spanish majority in the United States within twenty years. So it is not impossible to conceive that one day another language might come to dominate besides English. 第 8 页 ( 共 11 页 ) 线 订 装 上 考试日期: 线 An equally important trend will be the fragmentation of English. Many countries are now using English so much that they are starting to teach their own particular brand of the language with different forms of sentence construction, for example, they no longer want native speakers to teach English, but locals whose version of English contains the same forms as the local use of the language. This is not just true in colonial countries; it's happening in countries as far apart as Germany and the Pacific Rim. It's a strongly democratic move and I think we will see a lot more local publishing as a result. 线: 别 类 生 考 订 : 号 学 装 : 名 姓 :上级 班 : 名 ) 系 ( While forms of English become increasingly localized, the information explosion is also making our use of language more global. A quite new form of language is evolving on the Internet The e-mail is a new form of message: It's not a letter, not a postcard. And it has its own casual style, often without complete sentences. English is especially well adapted to this style, as it can easily be shortened. So I suspect English will continue to be more advanced than other languages on the worldwide web—it will remain the language of 订 science and technology. 62. What is the passage mainly about? A) The breakdown of English. B) The globalization of English. C) The future of English. D) The world domination of English. 63. The possible barrier to the internationalization of Chinese in the future is ___. A) the separation of its writing and pronunciation. 装 B) the slow increase of its population. C) the popularity of Spanish. D) the rapid spread of the web language. 64. Which of the following statements CANNOT reflect the fragmentation of English? A) Non-native speakers are preferred to teach English in non-English-speaking countries. B) Many countries prefer to teach their mother tongues instead of English. C) The version of English taught by non-native teachers contains some features of their own language. 下 D) Many more local English publications will appear. 65. Which of the following factors leads to the globalization of the use of language? A) The popularity of English. B) The popularity of the computer. C) The information explosion. 第 9 页 ( 共 11 页 ) D) The sharing of information. 66. English is well suitable for sending e-mail because_____. A) it can be more easily localized and understood. B) it can be easily shortened to achieve a casual style. C) it is a language with more casual styles and incomplete sentences. D) it is more advanced in spreading science and technology. 得分 评卷人 Part IV Cloze (10%) Directions:There are 20 blanks in the following each blank there are four choices marked A),B),C),D).Choose the ONE that best fits into the passage. Many people wrongly believe that when people reach old age, their families place them in nursing homes. They are left in the 67 of strangers for the rest of their lives. Their 68 children visit them only occasionally, but more often, they do not have any 69 visitors. The truth is that this idea is an unfortunate myth—an 70 story. In fact, family members provide over 80 percent of the care 71 elderly people need. Samuel Preston, a sociologist, studied 72 the American family is changing. He reported that by the time the 73 American couple reaches 40 years of age, they have more parents than children. 74 , because people today live longer after an illness than people did years 75 , family members must provide long term care. More psychologists have found that all caregivers 76 a common characteristic: All caregivers believe that they are the best 77 for the job. In other words, they all felt that they 78 do the job better than anyone else. Social workers 79 caregivers to find out why they took 80 the responsibility of caring for an elderly relative. Many caregivers believed they had 81 to help their relative. Some stated that helping others 82 them feel more useful. Others hoped that by helping 83 now, they would deserve care when they became old and 84 .Caring for the elderly and being taken care of can be a 85 satisfying experience for everyone who might be 86 . 67. A) hands B) arms C) bodies D) homes 68. A) growing B) grown C)grow D) grows 69. A) constant B) lasting C)regular D) normal 70. A) imaginary B) imaginable C) imaginative D) imagery 71. A) that B)this C)those D) these 72. A) when B)how C)what D) where 73. A) common B) ordinary C) standard D) average 74. A) Still B) However C) Moreover D) Whereas 第 10 页 ( 共 11 页 ) 75. A) before B)ago C) later D) lately 76. A) share B) enjoy C) divide D) consent 77. A) person B) people C) character D) man 78. A) would B)will C) could D)can 79. A) questioned B) interviewed C) inquired D) interrogate 80. A) in B)up C)on D)off 81. A) admiration B) initiative C) necessity D) obligation 82. A) cause B) enable C)make D)get 83. A) someone B) anyone C) everyone D) anybody 84. A) elderly B) dependent C) dependable D) independent 85. A) similarly B) differently C) mutually D) certainly 86. A) involved B) excluded C) included D) considered 得分 评卷人 Part V Translation (15%) Directions:Complete the following sentences by translating the Chinese given in the brackets into English. 87.__________________________________(我已得出结论) that it would be unwise to accept his proposal. 88.A qualified worker can always __________________________________(使自己适应新的工作环境). 89. __________________________________(所有航班都被取消了)because of the terrible weather, they had to go there by train. she came to know what the man was driving at, she __________________________________(后悔告诉他事实真相). 91.I __________________________________(毫无共同之处)with my brother. 第 11 页 ( 共 11 页 ) 陕西师范大学初中试题。
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