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陕西师范大学大学英语三级试题 陕西师范大学初中试题

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陕西师范大学初中试题
考试日期: 线 陕西师范大学2010—2011学年第二学期补考试题 大学英语三级 题号 一 二 三 四 五 六 总分 线: 别 类 生 考 订 : 号 学 装 : 名 姓 :上级 班 : 名 ) 系 ( 院 分数 答卷注意事项:
1、学生必须用蓝色(或黑色)钢笔、圆珠笔或签字笔直接在试题卷上答题。 订

2、答卷前请将密封线内的项目填写清楚。

3、字迹要清楚、工整,不宜过大,以防试卷不够使用。


4、本卷共 6 大题,总分为100分。
得分 评卷人 装 Part I Writing (15%) Directions: in this part, you are allowed 30 minutes to write at least 120 wwords following the outline given below in Chinese. 1 目前考研究生形成热潮 2 我认为这股热潮的原因是...... 3我的选择 My View on the Post-graduate Craze 下 ________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________ 第 1 页 ( 共 11 页 ) ________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________ 第 2 页 ( 共 11 页 ) Part II Reading Comprehension (Skimming and Scanning) (10%) For questions 1-7, mark Y (for YES) if the statement agrees with the information given in the passage; N (for NO) if the statement contradicts the information given in the passage; NG (for NOT GIVEN) if the information is not given in the passage. For questions 8-10, complete the sentences with the information given in the passage. New Proposals on Youth Employment The unemployment rate in Japan continues to hover at around the 5% level, but the number of unemployed youths is exceptionally high compared to other age groups. The fluid situation is gradually taking root in society, with an increasing number of youths making a living as “freeters” (as young job-hoppers are called in Japan) or leaving and changing jobs even after they find employment. This youth employment problem is essentially a product of many companies’ guarded stance (姿态) on employment and the narrowing of employment opportunities for those seeking to work as regular employees. To deal with the youth employment problem, the government and relevant institutions have already presented various proposals for specific policies, such as to strengthen policies that can turn economic recovery into a vigorous increase of labor demand; while expanding job openings for regular employees, also to promote equal treatment of non-regular employees and secure opportunities for them to become regular employees so that the working styles of non-regular employees are not disadvantaged; from the earliest stage as possible, systematically to provide job preparatory education with a long-range outlook on career development. Some of these policies are actually being implemented, but they are not necessarily producing adequate results. For this reason, the following three new measures should be considered in addition to other measures being deliberated. Reform of employment and recruitment practices It is important that high school graduates are given as many opportunities as possible to select an occupation. While completely abolishing the one-person-one-company system on one hand, on the other hand, employment and career guidance should begin when students enter high school so they are well able to select an occupation on their own judgment. Also, the year after graduation should be regarded as a period of joint follow-up by schools and employment agencies. Especially in regard to unemployed graduates and freeters, each party should assess the situation and support the employment of those young people. 得分 评卷人 第 3 页 ( 共 11 页 ) With respect to college students, internship opportunities, career counseling, and other guidance schemes should be implemented soon after they enter college to eventually enable them to make independent career decisions. Companies should give due consideration to the academic accomplishment of students when screening job applicants, as that is the primary function of students. Universities should draw upon France’s baccalaureate system, for example, and introduce a system of university graduation examination or college academic certification test. Finally, as a measure to expand employment opportunities, companies should amend their traditional practice of recruiting only prospective new graduates and open their doors to those who have already graduated. Enhancing career education and the role of industries Career education aiming to cultivate work values should be a consecutive (连续的) program provided over an ample amount of time beginning in the primary, junior high, and high school compulsory education stage. In addition to teaching students about the significance of working and about occupations in general, career education should also include a course on “work and daily living” as a comprehensive course aiming to prepare students to become working members of society. The course should deal with a broad range of topics relating to the work concept, such as rights and obligations stipulated in labor laws, as well as with the mechanics of the pension system and other social security institutions and with such immediate issues as the environment and energy. Such a course would help youths to select their own lifestyles, including how to achieve a good balance between work and private life. The industrial community should form organizations of companies (such as NPOs) to address career education from a cross-cutting perspective and actively engage in activities to support the development of human resources for the next generation. For example, they are expected to develop and provide educational programs based on their unique technology and know-how, send personnel to schools, and offer funds and equipment. In regional areas in Japan, activities to revitalize regional industries and promote new industries should be linked to model projects that incorporate regional characteristics and aim to foster and retain young people as future leaders of the region. For example, local governments could utilize the 500 or so young workers’ centers throughout Japan as the bases of such projects with the cooperation of regional businesses and schools. Proposal of a “career passport” The “career passport” would function as a record of one’s career and as a certification for the utilization of various support measures. It would be issued to all youths over the age of 18 and would be a passport to continuous support valid up to the age of 30 to 35. The passport would contain a record of job changes, part-time experiences, studies, certifications and self-development efforts, in addition to 第 4 页 ( 共 11 页 ) accomplishments achieved through participation in volunteer and NPO activities. In this respect, it would take the form of an electronic card to allow the input and accumulation of information through a digital format that can be accessed by the individual whenever necessary. The passport would enable young workers to receive career counseling regularly or as necessary at job cafes that are being newly established or at the more than 500 young worker’s centers throughout Japan. They would also have the opportunity to check and evaluate their own careers, including part-time experiences, and effectively utilize various support programs for employment, capacity development and other areas necessary for developing their careers. In addition to the above, a vocational scholarship system should be created to provide financial support for educational courses and school expenses to all young people who have graduated school—including the unemployed, freeters, and displaced workers—so that they may voluntarily prepare themselves for a job or develop their working capacities. 1. The youth frequent job changes result in many companies’ guarded stance on their employment. 2. To offer different job opportunities to both youth regular and non-regular employees. 3. Employment and career guidance should be part of high school curriculum. 4. Companies should revise their policies to recruit both new and old graduates. 5. The school course should deal with a broad range of topics relating to the work concept such as job hunting and hopping. 6. There are about 500 youth centers in some local areas. 7. The career passport contains part-time experiences, studies, certificate and self-development except job-hopping. 8. College education should enable students to make ____________________. 9. Companies should provide educational program and send personnel to schools and offer ____________________. 10. In order to provide young people with financial support, we should create ________________ ________. 得分 评卷人 Part Ⅲ Reading Comprehension (Reading in Depth) (50%) Section A Directions: In this section, there is a passage with ten blanks. You are 第 5 页 ( 共 11 页 ) required to select one word for each blank from a list of choices given in a word bank following the passage. Read the passage through carefully before making your choices. Each choice in bank is identified by a letter. You may not use any of the words in the bank more than once. Once the world embraced the automobile, the days of depending on horses, bicycles, ferries, and trains quickly slipped into the past. People were __41__ with the speed of the automobile but they were also enjoying the personal freedom that the automobile gave them. Owning a car gave people the freedom to go anyplace a road __42__. This allowed people to travel at anytime and at their own __43__. This independence gave the car a popular edge over buses and trains. The popularity of the automobile made it the __44__ of the transportation system. The automobile changed our lives when it created a giant industry that offered more and more jobs. The automobile made it possible for people to live in areas __45__ from their work place. This caused cities to grow and made suburban living more convenient. Of course, with more places to go, more __46__ roads had to be built. The automobile caused a __47__ effect. Jobs increased, industries grew, new industries developed, and cities appeared. Today the automobile industry continues to offer many __48__. Jobs are plentiful in this industry and improvements continue to be made to the automobile with new technologies. We have come a long way from that first __49__ carriage because of the cooperative efforts of many people in the last century. It will be interesting to see what the future holds for the automobile. We have already seen signs of the use of solar energy in this area. As long as man has a brain, the future of the automobile is __50__. A)backbone I)opportunities B)infinite J)snowball C)further K)definite D)background L)developed E)led M)farther F)enjoyed N)impressed G)horseless O)pace H)developing Sections B Directions: there are two passages in this section. Each passage is followed by five questions or unfinished statements. For each of them there are choices marked A), B), C) and D). You should decide on the best choice and mark the 第 6 页 ( 共 11 页 ) corresponding letter with a circle around it. Passage One Questions 51 to 55 are based on the following passage. Today, there are many avenues open to those who wish to continue their education. However, nearly all require some break in one’s career in order to attend school full time. Part time education, that is, attending school at night or for one weekend a month, tends to drag the process out over time and puts the completion of a degree program out of reach of many people. Additionally, such programs require a fixed time commitment which can also impact negatively on one’s career and family time. Of the many approaches to teaching and learning, however, perhaps the most flexible and accommodating is that called distance learning. Distance learning is an educational method which allows the students the flexibility to study at his or her own pace to achieve the academic goals which are so necessary in today’s world. The time required to study may be set aside at the student’s convenience with due regard to all life’s other requirements. Additionally, the student may enroll in distance learning courses from virtually any place in the world, while continuing to pursue their chosen career. Tutorial assistance may be available via regular airmail, telephone, facsimile machine传真机, teleconferencing电信会议and over the Internet. Good distance learning programs are characterized by the inclusion of a subject evaluation tool with every subject. This precludes排除the requirement for a student to travel away from home to take a test. Another characteristic of a good distance learning program is the equivalence of the distance learning course with the same subject materials as those students taking the course on the home campus. The resultant diploma or degree should also be the same whether distance learning or on-campus study is employed. The individuality of the professor/student relationship is another characteristic of a good distance learning program. In the final analysis, a good distance learning program has a place not only for the individual student but also the corporation or business that wants to work in partnership with their employees for the educational benefit, professional development, and business growth of the organization. Sponsoring distance learning programs for their employees gives the business the advantage of retaining career-minded people while contributing to their personal and professional growth through education. 51. According to the passage, which of the following is NOT a disadvantage of part time education? A. It requires some break in one’s career. B. It tends to last too long for many people to complete a degree program. 第 7 页 ( 共 11 页 ) C. It affects one’s career. D. It gives the student less time to share with the family. 52. Which of the following is NOT an advantage of distance learning? A. The student may choose his or her own pace. B. The student may study at any time to his or her convenience. C. They can pursue their chosen career while studying. D. Their tutorial assistance comes through regular airmail, telephone, facsimile machine, etc. 53. What benefit will distance learning program bring to a business? A. Recruitment of more talented people. B. Good image of the business. C. Better cooperation with universities. D. Further training of employees and business growth. 54. Good distance learning program have the following characteristic EXCEPT . A. distance learning course is the same as students taking courses in campus B. the result diploma or degree should be same as on campus study C. professor-student relationship is strictly one to one all through the course D. includes subject evaluation tool 55. What benefit will distance learning bring to an employee of a business? A. Professional growth. B. Good relationship with the employer. C. Good impression on the employer. D. Higher salary. Passage Two Questions 56 to 60 are based in the following passage. When one looks back upon the fifteen hundred years that are the life span of the English language, he should be able to notice a number of significant truths. The history of our language has always been a history of constant change—at times a slow, almost imperceptible change, at other times a violent collision between two languages. Our language has always been a living growing organism, it has never been static. Another significant truth that emerges from such a study is that language at all times has been the possession not of one class or group but of many. At one extreme it has been the property of the common, ignorant folk, who have used it in the daily business of their living, much as they have used their animals or the kitchen pots and pans. At the other extreme it has been the treasure of those who have respected it as an instrument and a sign of civilization, and who have struggled by writing it down to give it some permanence, order, dignity, and if possible, a little beauty. As we consider our changing language, we should note here two 第 8 页 ( 共 11 页 ) developments that are of special and immediate importance to us. One is that since the time of the Anglo-Saxons there has been an almost complete reversal of the different devices for showing the relationship of words in a sentence. Anglo-Saxon (old English) was a language of many inflections. Modern English has few inflections. We must now depend largely on word order and function words to convey the meanings that the older language did by means of changes in the forms of words. Function words, you should understand, are words such as prepositions, conjunctions, and a few others that are used primarily to show relationships among other words. A few inflections, however, have survived. And when some word inflections come into conflict with word order, there may be trouble for the users of the language, as we shall see later when we turn our attention to such maters as WHO or WHOM and ME or I. The second fact we must consider is that as language itself changes, our attitudes toward language forms change also. The eighteenth century, for example, produced from various sources a tendency to fix the language into patterns not always set in and grew, until at the present time there is a strong tendency to restudy and re-evaluate language practices in terms of the ways in which people speak and write. 56. In contrast to the earlier linguists, modern linguists tend to _____ A. attempt to continue the standardization of the language B. evaluate language practices in terms of current speech rather than standards or proper patterns C. be more concerned about the improvement of the language than its analysis or history D. be more aware of the rules of the language usage 57. Choose the appropriate meaning for the word “inflection” used in line 5 of paragraph 2. A. Changes in the forms of words. B. Changes in sentence structures. C. Changes in spelling rules. D. Words that have similar meanings. of the following statements is not mentioned in the passage? A. It is generally believed that the year 1500 can be set as the beginning of the modern English language. B. Some other languages had great influence on the English language at some stages of its development. C. The English language has been and still in a state of relatively constant change. D. Many classes or groups have contributed to the development of the English language. 59. The author of these paragraphs is probably a(an) . A. historian B. philosopher C. anthropologis D. linguist 60. Which of the following can be best used as the title of the passage? 第 9 页 ( 共 11 页 ) A. The history of the English language. B. Our changing attitude towards the English language. C. Our changing language. D. Some characteristics of modern English. 得分 评卷人 Part V Cloze (10%) Directions: There are 20 blanks in the following passage. For each blank there are four choices marked [A], [B], [C] and [D] on the right side of the paper. You should choose the ONE that best fits into the passage. Who won the World Cup 1994 football game? What happened at the United Nations? How did the critics like the new play? 61 an event takes place; newspapers are on the streets 62 the details. Wherever anything happens in the world, reports are on the spot to 63 the news. Newspapers have one basic 64 , to get the news as quickly as possible from its source, from those who make it to those who want to 65 it. Radio, telegraph, television, and 66 inventions brought competition for newspapers. So did the development of magazines and other means of communication. 67 , this competition merely spurred the newspapers on. They quickly made use of the newer and faster means of communication to improve the 68 and thus the efficiency of their own operations. Today more newspapers are 69 and read than ever before. Competition also led newspapers to branch out to many other fields. Besides keeping readers 70 of the latest news, today’s newspapers 71 and influence readers about politics and other important and serious matters. Newspapers influence readers’ economic choices 72 advertising. Most newspapers depend on advertising for their very 73 .News papers is sold at a price that 74 even a small fraction of the cost of production. The main 75 of income for most newspapers is commercial advertising. The 76 in selling advertising depends on a newspaper’s value to advertisers. This 77 in terms of circulation. How many people read the newspaper? Circulation depends 78 on the work of the circulation department and on the services or entertainment 79 in a newspaper’s pages. But for the most part, circulation depends on a newspaper’s value to readers as a source of information 80 the community, city, country, state, nation, and world and even outer space. 61.[A] Just when [B] While [C] Soon after [D] Before 62.[A] to give [B] giving [C] given [D] being given 63.[A] gather [B] spread [C] carry [D] bring 64.[A] reason [B] cause [C] problem [D] purpose 65.[A] make [B] publish [C] know [D] write 66.[A] another [B]other [C] one another [D] the other 第 10 页 ( 共 11 页 ) 考试日期: 67.[A] However [B] And [C] Therefore [D] So 68.[A] value [B] ratio [C] rate [D] speed 69.[A]spread [B] passed [C] printed [D] completed 70.[A] inform [B] be informed [C] to informed [D] informed 71.[A] entertain [B] encourage [C] educate [D] edit 72.[A] on [B] through [C] with [D] of 73.[A] forms [B] existence [C] contents [D] purpose 74.[A]tries to cover [B]manages to cover [C] fails to cover[D]succeeds 线 线: 别 类 生 考 订 : 号 学 装 : 名 姓 :上级 班 : 名 ) 系 ( 院 in 75.[A] source [B] origin [C] course [D] finance 76.[A] way [B] means [C] chance [D] success 线 77. [A] measures [B] measured [C] is measured [D] was measured 78.[A] somewhat [B] little [C] much [D] something 79.[A] offering [B] offered [C] which offered [D] to be offered 80.[A] by [B] with [C] at [D] about 订 得分 评卷人 Part Ⅵ Translation (15%) 订 Direction: Complete the sentences on Answer Sheet 2 by translating into English the Chinese given in brackets. 81. Often it is in overcoming hardships that ______________________(我们方 懂得珍惜生命的价值) didn’t you tell me you could lend me the money? 装I ____________________ (本来不必从银行借钱的). 83.___________________ _(鉴于没有经验 ) she does not know how to deal with the situation. 装 84. I______________ ____ (沉浸于快乐中) when seeing a satifying ending of the TV show. 85. If this can’t be settled reasonably, it may be necessary to ________ (诉诸武力) 下 下 第 11 页 ( 共 11 页 ) 线 订 装 上 陕西师范大学初中试题。
杜郎口中学, 象贤中学, 松柏中学, 汕头市第一中学, 岳西中学, 中学生不雅视频, 韶关北江中学,

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