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上海中学自招英语真题 上海初中试题

教学资源|题库|学习文库-「普洱教育」来源: https://www.puerjy.cn 2020-02-05 22:12初二 639442 ℃
上海初中试题
上海市上海中学自招真题自测 题量较大,综合难度中等偏高,时间紧。 英语部分(满分100分) Ⅰ. Grammar Choices Directions: Beneath each of the following sentences there are four choices marked A, B, C, and D. Choose the one answer that best completes the sentence. 1. What disappointed the judges was that both sides had accused ____ of breaking the contract. A. another B. the other C. neither D. each 2. John and I are in charge of the designing of the new products, so the details are kept only ____ him and me. A. beyond B. among C. within D. between 3. Every girl student and boy student in our school ____ to wear their school uniform on weekdays. A. is required B. are required C. requiring D. being required 4. Recent decades ____ yoga gain widespread acceptance as a method of staying in shape, as well as a way of handling stress. A. saw B. have seen C. are seeing D. see 5. Diving ____ in this area of the swimming pool because the water is shallow. A. does not permit B. don’t permit C. is not permitting D. is not permitted 6. I would like to dance with you, ____ I? A. can B. may C. should D. must 7. We ____ last night, but we had a get-together in the new restaurant and didn’t go home until very late. A. must have studied B. might study C. should have studied D. can’t study 8. ____ most of the people view hardships as bitter experiences, hardships are sometimes helpful because they force people to become stronger and more active. A. Since B. How C. Although D. when 9. After the terrible air crash, the few survivors happened to arrive at ____ later proved an isolated island. A. where B. what C. which D. that 10. Not far from the club there is a garden, ____ owner sits in it playing bridge with his children every afternoon. A. its B. which C. whose D. of whom 11. It was not until 1920 ____ regular radio broadcast began. A. when B. which C. that D. since 12. To make a real impression, why not ____ a limousine to collect you from the hotel and allow you to arrive at your restaurant in real style. A. considering hiring B. consider hiring C. to consider hiring D. consider to hire 13. Please give this ticket to ____ you think is interest in folk music. A. who B. the one C. whoever D. whomever 14. On the steps of the school building ____ a group of students, discussing the math exam which is about to begin in a few minutes. A. are B. were C. had D. have 15. With less than a month ____ of school, I am getting uneasy every time I think about the fact that I am going to graduate. A. leaving B. to leave C. left D. being left 16. The people of the city are familiar with and extremely proud of their history and therefore it is a solid base ____. A. to build their future B. which to build their future C. on which to build their future D. to build their future in 17. ____, the new medicine is now in mass production. A. With its effect testing safe B. With its effect being tested safe C. With its effect tested safe D. With its effect to be tested safe 18. We forgot to set alarm clock. Let’s get ____ and leave at once. Otherwise we will be late. A. dress B. to dress C. dressing D. dressed 19. The more exercises we do, ____ . A. the more good it will do to us B. the more it will do good to us C. the more good will it do to us D. the more will it do good to us 20. There is a growing trend that the number of people who are fond of reading online is ____ that of those who read paper books. A. as twice large as B. twice as large as C. as large as twice D. twice large as Ⅱ. Vocabulary Choices Directions: Complete the following paragraphs by using the words in the box. Each word can only be used once. Note that there is one word more than you need. A. accommodate B. mean C. invest D. build E. in consideration of AB. give up AC. gather AD. embarrassment AE. appalling BC. renew BD. restricted BE. give away CD. generous CE. weigh DE. Insisted on Chinese in a foreigner’s eyes Every day, my interactions with Chinese people prove what I already know to be true about them. My first impression in coming to China was that people were kind and very welcoming to me as a foreigner. They treated me well and were very __21__ . I've had a few negative experiences during the past 4 years, but, that's not the majority of people in China. The majority of people are kind, considerate, caring and giving. This is proven to me often. I think about when I first got here, of how impressed I was that people would __22__ seats on the bus for older people and foreigners (like me) to sit down. How people would invite me to their homes for dinner and sometimes for lunch. How people would bring me gifts, especially parents of my students. I got gifts of tea and moon-cakes. How so many invited me out to eat at restaurants and __23__ them paying for the meal. How others would invite me to teach English in various places and were always willing to __24__ my schedule and needs. I'm quite aware that recently there has been a lot of news about rude behavior on airplanes and in other public places by Chinese people. I know that the government has even created a blacklist of Chinese travelers who will be __25__ from going anywhere due to their rude behavior. I know that the government warns Chinese tourists about stopping __26__ behavior that is unacceptable in other countries. They don't want any further __27__ due to the behavior of their citizens. I've experienced some very cruel behavior by such people in a few __28__ experiences I've had here. I've had some experiences that made me question why I was here. There is the reality of good and bad behavior in every country. It seems that some of the bad behavior of people is a bit more open here in China. But, there is the bright and positive side of Chinese people that keeps me wanting to stay here and __29__ my time and efforts in making a difference in the lives of Chinese children. When I __30__ the good and the bad, the good far outweighs the bad. If it wasn't so, I'd do the easy thing and just go home, back to America. Life there is easy and very comfortable. Plus, my family is there and I could be close to them every day. But, I've chosen to stay here in China. This week, I will __31__ my contract with the school I teach at near my home. I made the decision to stay here. It wasn't a hard decision even __32__ the very bad experiences I've gone through recently. I love China and more importantly, I love the people here. That's how I see it. I hope to __33__ many more wonderful friendships and great memories here in the years to come. I will continue to do all I can to use what skills and knowledge that I have to work to make a difference in China and in the world. Ⅲ. Cloze Directions: For each blank in the following passages there are four words or phrases marked A, B, C and D. Fill in each blank with the word or phrases that best fits the context. (A) Bed racing is becoming more popular in certain areas of the US. A bed race is a competition where teams of people push bed along a __34__ route. The route often goes through the middle of a city or a town. The __35__ teams attempt to roll their beds along the route faster than anyone else. However, there are not just any beds。 Racing beds often have very big wheels and competitors sometimes paint them in some very interesting ways. The teams build their own beds and practice for weeks before the race. __36__, race organizers often have firm rules about building and racing beds. For example, the bed must be a certain size, they can’t have engine, and they must have four wheels. In addition, there must be no more than six people __37__ the bed and only one person can sit in the bed. As long as the teams follow the rules, they can use their __38__ for everything else. Some beds are covered with flowers. Other beds look like crazy boats. To __39__ the fun, people often wear strange and unusual clothing. On race days, large crowds of spectators come to cheer for their favorite team. These members of the community usually give money to their favorite team. However, the money doesn’t go to the team members. It goes to organizations that help people in need. In the past beds races they have raised lots of money to provide health care for children and to help homeless people. At the end of the race, teams are often listed in a chart. Most of these teams don’t even get a prize for winning. These bed races are __40__ not serious events. The important thing is to raise money for the community and to have fun. 34. A. specific B. strange C. special D. tough 35. A. losing B. winning C. competing D. outstanding 36. A. Moreover B. However C. Otherwise D. Still 37. A. pushing B. making C. designing D. racing 38. A. abilities B. developments C. power D. imagination 39. A. contribute to B. add to C. lead to D. refer to 40. A. slightly B. fortunately C. obviously D. positively (B) There’s no doubt about it, corporate entertainment is big business. In Japan, for example, where relationship-building is a fundamental part of business life, a staggering 40 billion pounds of marketing expenditure goes to corporate __41__ annually. That’s roughly equivalent to Romania’s GDP or Venezuela’s total foreign debt. The infamous Recruit Group, which has been the subject of __42__ scandals in Japan, once paid $$15,500 for a single meal for a dozen executives at a favorite restaurant. So it’s easy to see how the money the Japanese spend in a year on wining and dining important clients could __43__ the cost of 365 brand-new jumbo jets。 To some, corporate entertainment is merely an expensive and perhaps unnecessary luxury. To those who take a dimmer view, it’s nothing __44__ bribery. But the truly corrupt corporate entertainer is relatively rare. Famous fraudsters, the Bank of Credit and Commerce International, did indeed __45__ ‘sweetening’ their most valued clients frequently international terrorists and drug barons-with shopping sprees in London and __46__ lines of credit at Las Vegas casinos. But this is a million miles away from an everyday business breakfast at the Hilton or a power lunch at the Savoy. For most successful business people, they would agree that goodwill is a __47__ part of clinching lucrative deals and these days goodwill costs more than a smile. 41. A. organization B. establishment C. entertainment D. design 42. A. repeated B. constant C. secret D. luxurious 43. A. make up for B. come up with C. add up to D. get away with 44. A. apart from B. short of C. independent of D. involved in 45. A. specialize in B. believe in C. depend on D. plead for 46. A. resourceful B. endless C. fantastic D. invisible 47. A. sensitive B. positive C. considerate D. crucial IV Reading Comprehension Directions: Read the following four passage. Each passage is followed by several questions or unfinished statements. For each of them there are four choices marked A, B, C and D. Choose the one that fits best according to the information given in the passage you have just read. (A) The emotional stress that causes chest pains and breathlessness can occur in moments of joy as well as anger, grief and fear, a Swiss study suggests. Three-quarters of cases of takotsubo cardiomyopathy, a change in the shape of the heart’s left ventricle, which can be fatal, are caused by stress. The University Hospital Zurich study, in the European Heart Journal, suggests about one in 20 cases is caused by joy. The condition is normally temporary and people are generally fine afterwards. In the study of 1750 patients,researchers discovered heart problems caused by; a birthday party; a son’s wedding; meeting a friend after 50 years; becoming a grandmother; a favorite rubby team winning a game; winning a casino jackpot or a computerized tomography(CT)scan giving the all-clear from another condition. The study also suggested most cases were in post-menopausal women. Dr. JelenaGhadri, one of the researchers, said : “ We have shown that the triggers for takossubo syndrome can be more varied than previously thought. “ A takostsubo syndrome patient is no longer the classic ‘ broken-hearted’ patient, and the disease can be preceded by positive emotions too. “clinicians should be aware of this and also consider that patients who arrive in the emergency department with signs of heart attacks, such as chest pain and breathlessness, but after a happy event or emotion, could be suffering from takotsubo syndrome just as much as a similar patient pressing after a negative event.” ‘ More research needed’ She said it was likely both sad and happy events shared a common “ emotional pathway” leading to the condition. Prof Peter Weissberg, the medical director of the British Heart foundation, said: “ Takotsubo syndrome is a rare event. “This study suggests that in a very few cases, the triggering event may be a happy one. “Much more research is needed to understand how such emotional events can trigger temporary heart damage in a few susceptible individuals.” 48. What is the main idea of this passage? A. Some syndromes are difficult to treat B. Joy as well as sadness can bring harm to health C. People are advised nor to encounter different emotions D. Research is needed to explore the cause of mental illness 49. What does takotsubo probably mean in the passage? A. The name of a disease B. The application of a disease C. The treatment for a disease D. The description of a disease 50. Which of the following my NOT be the cause of takostubo? A. Being admitted to a university B. Going to school every day C. Witnessing a serious accident D. Winning a lottery of 5 million (B) Women in most countries of the world today can vote and be elected to public office the same basis as men. But it took centuries of work on the part of individuals and organizations to achieve those rights, often against strong opposition. In England, women petitioned for the right to vote as early as the 15th century. But it wasn’t until the 19th that most formal women suffrage movements began to take place. New Zealand was the first country to grant women voting rights in 1863, followed by Australia in federal elections in 1902. Other countries did it in stages: Swedish women with property could vote in city elections in 1862, but weren’t given full voting privileges until 1921. Finland gave widows and unmarried women local voting rights in 1865 and granted universal suffrage to women in 1906. The United States and Britain paralleled each other in their suffrage movements. The United States passed the 19th amendment to its Constitution in 1920, giving women full voting privileges and Britain and Ireland followed suit in 1928. Ecuador became the first Latin American country to allow women to vote in 1929, with some restrictions. The United Nations accelerated the movement in 1945 when it signed the UN Charter, and international document that clearly defined equal rights for women. However, even today in some developing countries, women are looked upon as inferior and are still not given many of the same social benefits as men. 51. The following countries gave the women full voting rights in the 1920s EXCEPT ___ A. Sweden B. The US C. Britain D. Ireland 52. The word “ petitioned” is closest in meaning to “ ___” ed D. urged 53. What can we infer from the passage? A. Women can fight for the suffrage they are dreaming of. B. Women should have confidence in their pursuit of happiness C. Women were and are still denied equal rights to men in history D. Women’s movement has gone through various stages without much promise (C) People all over the world listen to romantic music, read romantic stories and have romantic time. The team “ romantic” in this context usually refers to feeling of love. But Romanticism with a capital R refers to a period of major changes that affected the arts, philosophy and history for more than a hundred years, starting in the late 18th century. The Romantic Movement was a reaction to the ideas of the previous epoch-with its emphasis on reason. It was named after the so-called romance languages, such as French, Spanish and Italian, that were developed from Latin after the breakdown of the Roman Empire. The initiators of the Romantic Movement promoted a taste for folk tales, poetry and music, which had long been neglected in favor of polished classical art forms. In politics, too, people wanted changes so it was a revolutionary time in many countries. It was also a time when people needed heroes with the passion and power to create a new order on the ruins of the old world. Napoleon, who initially fought against the monarchy in France, was an example. In the arts, Romanticism was an epoch of great creativity, individualism and emotional intensity. Composers such as Schubert, Schumann, Weber and Chopin modified classical music forms to gain more freedom of expression, lord Byron’s Childe Harold’s Pilgrimage, Victor Hugo’s Les Miserables, and Alexander Pushkin’s EurgeneOnegn are typical examples of Romantic literature. 54. Romantic is a word used to describe __ A.a feeling of love experience of the beautiful C.a dream of the attainable D.a gratitude for others’ kindness 55. According to the passage, Romanticism refers to ___ A. great changes in history B. what happened in the mid-18th century C. a period of major changes in many fields D. a special period in the history of literature 56. Which of the following is NOT the concern of the Romantic Movement? A. Sentiment B. Reason C. Innovation D. Revolution (D) Entrepreneurs come in all shapes and sizes-the dynamic, the cautious and the greedy. But all of them hold an equal fascination for us. How do they do it? What’s their secret? Some of the world’s biggest corporations would like to know, too. For entrepreneurs is in and these days everyone wants to be an entrepreneur. But an entrepreneur is not what your are. It’s what you become, and real entrepreneur exist only in retrospect. At first, nobody takes them seriously. They’re crackpots, dreamers, unemployables. And by the time they’ve finally earned the respect of the business community, they’ve already made it. So cancel the classes on entrepreneurship and throw out your business plan, for the road to entrepreneurial success can’t be mapped our in advance. You get there one sale at a time. In the beginning, only the entrepreneur needs to see the goal, nobody else. And the goal is quite simple; you get an idea; you identify your customer. You make a sale. Then you make another and another and another until your office in the spare bedroom has turned into the tower block in Manhattan you always wanted. Forget about marketing strategy at this stage. What you need first is a steady cash flow. Bide your time, focus in the tittle things. That’s how it works. Big companies are just small companies that got bigger. Take Richard Branson, for instance. For the founder of Virgin, the first ten years were a struggle, with his company suffering some cash flow problems until as late as 1980. By then, the Virgin Group was running eighty different operations, none of them making large amounts of money and some of them losing money hand over fist. Yet in 1992 Branson’s music business alone sold for€560 million. Or take Nicolas Hayek, the man who invented the Swatch and brought the Swiss watch-making industry back from the dead. Hayek took on Japanese market leaders. Seiko and Citizen, and beat them on quality and the Swatch Group, which includes many famous names such as es, Calvin Klein and Tissot,sells 114 million watches a year. With annual sales of over for billion Swiss frances and a twenty=five percent share of the global market, the group is now by far the largest manufacturer and distributor of finished watches in the world. The Swacth was a 20th century icon and some of the highly collectable early designs are now classed as art and fetch more than€20,000-not bad for a plastic watch. So what is it that makes a good entrepreneur on the scale of a Bill Gates, a Jeff Bezos or a Michael Fell? Clearly, not he same thing that makes a good manager. For good managers tend to some from fairly conventional backgrounds. They’re the bright kids everyone knew world do well, born organizers, who rise through the ranks to reach the top of large corporations. But the budding entrepreneur is more likely to be an outsider, a troublemaker, a rebel who drops out of college to get a job, discovers a fair for building companies from nothing, gets bored quickly and moves on. Most of all, the entrepreneur will be a master of risk-management. For risk doesn’t mean the same thing to the entrepreneur as it does to the res of us. The king of corporate raiders, Sir James Goldsmith, summed it up best: “ The ultimate of risk,” he said, “ is not taking a risk.” And that’s probably how he got to be a dollar billionaire. 57. Which of following about entrepreneurs is TRUE? A. They have special skills in doing things B. They are inclined to keep feet on the ground at first C. They are especially knowledgeable in marketing D. They usually seek suitable advice on business related 58. According to the passage, __ is the most important factor in ensuring the smooth operation of a business. A. A cash flow B. Confidence C. Perseverance D. Talent 59. Which of the following contributes to the success of Swatch Company? A. Its strategy on how to win market share B. Its flexibility in dealing with problem C. Its development of different brand names D. Its focus on the high quality and competitive 60. We can draw a sage conclusion from the passage that__ A. Entrepreneurs have conventional backgrounds B. Entrepreneurs are courageous to take and manage risks C. Entrepreneurs are identical to senior managers in many aspects D. Entrepreneurs spend a lot of time studying different business cases Keys : 1-5 B D A B D 6-10 B C C B C 11-15 C B D A C 16-20 A C D A B 21-25 CD AB DE A BD 26-30 B AD AE C CE 31-33 BC E D 34-40 A C B D C B C 41-47 C A C A A B D A ) BAB B) ABC C) ACA D) BADB (非官方答案) 上海初中试题。
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