2016年中考英语-“阅读五选五”和“语法填空”新题型解读 五选五阅读初中试题_教学资源|题库|学习文库-「普洱教育」

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2016年中考英语-“阅读五选五”和“语法填空”新题型解读 五选五阅读初中试题

教学资源|题库|学习文库-「普洱教育」来源: https://www.puerjy.cn 2020-02-07 20:17初二 601899 ℃
五选五阅读初中试题
一、51-55小题(阅读填空)。阅读短文,根据短文内容,从短文后的A、B、C、D、E 五个选项中选出能填入空白处的最佳选项。每个选项只能用一次。
(共5小题;每小题2分,计10分) A Special Delivery(邮件或包裹的投递) Ben and Sally lived in California. Ben liked travelling. 51____, but Sally just stayed home. Ben and his friends owned a company. One day, Ben’s friends wanted to play a joke on Ben and Sally. 52_____. The letter said, Dear Sally. I’m having a great time here in Africa. I’m sending a special gift to you. I hope you like it. Please take good care of it until I get home. Your Love, Ben On the same day, Sally also got a phone call. The caller told her that a delivery was coming. At one o’clock, a truck stopped in front of Sally’s house. The truck driver gave Sally a baby elephant。 53_______, and it began eating grass. Then the driver drove away. Sally stood there, asking herself, “What can I feed an elephant with? Bananas?” 54____. He said, “It’s illegal(非法的) to have wild animal here.” Then the policeman gave Sally a ticket. Ben’s friends were hiding in the backyard and laughing. They had rented(租借) the elephant from a zoo and asked the policeman to write the ticket。
Ben’s friends also made a film of everything. 55____. When Sally learned about the truth, she couldn’t help laughing. A. So they sent a letter to Sally B. After a while, a policeman came C. The elephant ran into Sally’s yard D. They wanted Ben to watch the video E. One summer, he went to Africa on a trip  题型解读:

1、客观性试题,信度好;

2、与高考七选五阅读题型对接,有利于我市基础阶段英语教学质量的提高;

3、做对了4个后,第5个小题自然得分,但也由于每个只用一次,有连环错的可能;

4、这是个阅读理解新题型,考查的是学生的语篇能力;

5、首句不设空,总阅读量220个单词左右(文章一般为180个单词,选项词40个左右),平均每30-35个单词左右设一空。

6、标点符号出现在语篇的空白处,各选项均可独立成句,但没有标点符号。  试题详解:本文由2015年北京市中考英语试题改编而来,它是一篇基本上是以时间为线索为写作思路的文章,并且人物关系非常清楚。 51. 选E。本选项前有句子“Ben liked travelling.”,选项句(“One summer, he went to Africa on a trip”)这两个句子中“travelling”与“trip”是“同义词”。
同时,从文章的写作线索这个角度也容易找到答案E。 52. 选A。
本选项后有句子“The letter said,”,选项句(“So they sent a letter to Sally”)这两个句子中“letter”是“复现词”。同时,从上下文来看,Ben’s friends向Sally发来一封信(send a letter)也是joke的第一步,从文章的行文逻辑可以得到正确答案。 53. 选C。
本选项前有句子“The truck driver gave Sally a baby elephant。
”,选项句(“The elephant ran into Sally’s yard”)这两个句子中“elephant”是“复现词”。同时,本选项后有句子“and it began eating grass.”,选项句(“The elephant ran into Sally’s yard”)中的“elephant”与“it”是指代关系。 54. 选B。本选项后第二句“Then the policeman gave Sally a ticket.”,选项句(“After a while, a policeman came”)这两个句子中“policeman”是“复现词”。
同时,选项后第一句“He said,…”中的“He”与“policeman”是指代关系。
55. 选D。
前四句如果有十分把握了,余下的选项就是D了。事实上,本选项前有句子“Ben’s friends also made a film of everything.”,选项句(“They wanted Ben to watch the video”)这两个句子中中“film”与“video”是“近义词”。
 解题技巧:抓住写作思路是正确解答为种题型的诀窍。一般来说,在通读语篇把握了文章线索和文章结构(先总后分→ ,先分后总→ ,分总分阐述→ ,分点阐述→ )后,可从①复现词,②同义、近义词,③人称代词,④逻辑关系,⑤主题句或结尾句等几个“解题切入点”入手,进行解题。
据我个人的推测,2016年的娄底中考英语试题在命制这个题目时,可能不会涉及到考查语篇主旨大意的考题,所以重点是指导学生从前四种情况去找解题突破口。 二、51-55小题(语法填空)。阅读下面短文,在空白处填入一个适当的词,或填入括号内所给单词的正确形式(每空最多不超过3个单词)。 Most people have their jobs. Some people are lucky. Either they have very interesting jobs or they make a lot of money. Most people are not so 61. (luck). Either their 62. (job) are not very interesting or they don't make much money. The most interesting jobs are often the 63. (much) difficult. People spend a long time 64. (learn) how to do them. Doctors study for at least six years 65._______ finishing school. Some young people have interesting and high-pay jobs. Many young players do their work 66. (successful). Football and tennis stars 67. (be) usually under 35 years old. Older people usually cannot play these sports very well . They cannot move fast enough. Golf, however, is 68. good sport for older people. Most people work 69. they are 60 or 65 years old. Then they retire(退休) and have a lot of free time. Some people never retire though. For example, writers, artists, scientists and actors usually work until they die. Their work is 70. ________ (them) life.  题型解读:

1、以语篇为语法考查平台,充分体现在真实语境中考查语法知识的理念;

2、一般在每小题所在的句子中进行语法项目的考查,且只考一个语法项目,除时态和语态、语气题之外,很少有跨行、跨段、跨篇的考点;

3、两种题型并行:一是纯空格语法填空(共3小题),只能填一个单词,二是在每小题括号中提供有一个单词的适当形式填空(共7小题),每小题可以最多填3个单词;

4、首句不设空,一般为150个单词左右的议论文(也可以是记叙文等别的文体),平均每15个单词左右设一空。
 试题详解:本文是一篇议论文,谈论各种工作的特性与适合从事工作的人群。 61. 填lucky。
括号中的人luck是名词,在这个句子中只有改成lucky用作形容词才可受到so的修饰,并充当表语。
62. 填jobs。job是可数名词,从后面的谓语动词are可看出,只能用复数形式,才能遵循英语中主谓一致的原则。
63. 填most。
这里考查形容词(副词)比较等级的语法项目,从本句主语the most interesting jobs可推测出后面只有也用最高级most才符合语意。 64. 填learning。非谓语动词的考点,这里有固定搭配spend time (in) doing sth.。 65. 填after。
after在这里做介词或连词理解问题都不大,一般在这种题型中介词或连词都是作为“纯空格填空题”来命制的。这里可以说是对学生“生活常识”的考查,要想当医生一般中学毕业后在大学接受至少6年的专业学习。
66. 填successfully。形容词变副词,才能在这里正确使用,用来修饰do,表示“成功地做……”。 67. 填are。这是考动词时态,be动词的一般现在时形式(通篇是一般现在时),is, am, are三者,显然填are。
68. 填a。冠词一般会有一个考点,这里用a表种类,这里a有“一种”的意思。
69. 填until或till。主从复合句的考点,中考一般考状语从句或宾语从句,请注意从句的引导词的意义和用法。
70. 填料their。人称代词有用法也是本题中常见的考点之一,考生至少要掌握人称代词的主格、宾格、形容词性所有格和名词性所有格的用法。
 解题技巧:答好本题的“金钥匙”是要把握本考题的两种题型和三个答题思路。 两种题型 纯空格语法填空(共3小题) 三个思路 虚词考点:一般考点为冠词、介词、连词、感叹词等。 词法考点:主要考查名词、代词、数词、形容词和副词,解题思路一般是采用“词类转换”或“适当形式”填空。 句法考点:主要考查名词单复数形式、形容词(副词)比较等级、动词时态与语态和非谓语动词的正确形式填空等。
单词的适当形式填空 (共7小题,最多填3个单词) 五选五阅读初中试题。
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