河南省淅川县第二高级中学2015-2016学年高二英语上学期期末考试试题 2016年政治初中升高中试题_教学资源|题库|学习文库-「普洱教育」

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河南省淅川县第二高级中学2015-2016学年高二英语上学期期末考试试题 2016年政治初中升高中试题

教学资源|题库|学习文库-「普洱教育」来源: https://www.puerjy.cn 2020-02-14 21:43理科试题 77343 ℃
2016年政治初中升高中试题
2015—2016学年度高二期末考试 英语试卷 时间:120分钟 分值:120分 第一部分:听力(略) 第二部分 阅读理解(共两节,满分40分) 第一节 (共15小题;每小题2分,满分30分) 阅读下列短文,从每题所给的四个选项(A, B, C和D)中.选出最佳选项,并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。 A Loud noises in everyday activities can damage the inner ear. This type of hearing loss can’t be healed. But it can be prevented. Block the noise from entering your ears; walk away from it; and turn it down. Those are your first steps in staying safe. On average, 15% of all school-age children live with some hearing loss. And it’s a growing problem. A study published in the Journal of the American Medical Association in 2012 found a 31% rise from 2003 to 2010 in hearing loss among kids ages 12 to 19. A 2013 study by Harvard Medical School did not find the same significant increase. But the Harvard study found that teenage girls have more hearing problems than teenage boys. The study did not track kids into adulthood. “Imagine a handful of pipe cleaners (烟斗通条). They represent the hair cells (毛细胞) in your ear,” Andrea Boidman of Research Foundation said. “Being exposed to a really loud noise is like shaking the pipe cleaners really fast. When you’re done, the pipe cleaners are all bent. You can never really make them straight again,” she says. “That’s like what happens with your hair cells. Once they are damaged, they never go back to being perfect again, and eventually the damage will start to affect your hearing.” Most people don’t know that listening to headphones at full volume puts your ears at risk, “If your iPod is on the maximum volume(最大音量),it’s too loud, ” says Boidman. “If you listen to it at that level every day, it will cause hearing loss.” Sometimes, staying safe and sound is as simple as turning it down. 21 We can conclude from the study by Harvard Medical School that ______. A. the increase of hearing loss among kids reached 31% B. more teenage boys suffer hearing loss than teenage girls C. teenage girls experience more hearing loss than teenage boys D. the number of adults with hearing problems increased greatly 22. Why does the author compare the pipe cleaners to the hair cells? A. Both can be strongly shaken B. Neither could be seen clearly C. Both should be protected carefully D. Neither can recover fully if damaged 23. According to the text, when listening to an iPod one should ______. A. avoid using headphones B. set the proper volume level C. take a walk while listening D. check the safety rules for the headphones 24. The text is mainly about ______. A. teenagers’ bad habit B. a research on teenage safety 1 C. listening ability and hearing loss D. everyday activities and hearing loss B When I was growing up, I dreamed about becoming a cowgirl, a spy or a great actress. Not a dentist, like my father, or a homemaker, like my mother—certainly not a writer, although I always loved to read. I didn’t know anything abut writers, even though I loved to make up stories inside my head. I made up stories while I bounced (反弹) a ball against the side of our house. I made up stories playing with paper dolls. And I made them up while I practiced the piano, by pretending to give piano lessons. I always had an active imagination. But I never wrote down any of my stories. When I grew up, my need for story telling didn’t go away. So when my own two children started pre-school I began to write and I’ve been writing ever since。 My characters live inside my head for a long time before I actually start to write a book about them. Then, they become so real to me that I talk about them at the dinner table as if they were real. Some people consider this weird. But my family understand. Many of my books are set in New Jersey because that’s where I was born and raised. I lived there until my kids finished elementary school. Then we moved to New Mexico, the setting for Tiger Eyes. I also spent two years in Connecticut, where Just As Long As We’re Together and Here’s To You, Rachel Robinson are set. I don’t think I could set a book in a place without knowing it really well. Now I live in New York City with my husband, George Cooper. Between us we have three grown children and one grandchild. Our lives are busy, sometimes too much so, but never dull. And yes, I’m still writing. 25. When the writer was young she ______. A. heard many love stories B. enjoyed writing story books C. never thought of becoming a writer D. could make up stories of different people 26. The writer always had a gift for ______. A. playing at home alone B. creating all kinds of stories C. attracting other’s attention D. solving problems by herself 27 The writer started to write when ______. A. she began primary school B. her first grandchild was born C. her children started preschool D. she got married to George Cooper 28. What can be conclude from the text? A. It is never too late to learn. B. Well begun is half done. C. Actions speak louder than words. D. Interest is the best teacher. C Americans get some of their news and entertainment from public television and radio. These public media receive money to operate from private citizens, organizations and government. Many of their programs are educational. But most of the American media are run by business for profit. These privately owned media have changed greatly in recent years. Newspapers, magazines and traditional broadcast television organizations have lost some of their popularity. At the same time, online, cable and satellite media have increased in numbers 2 and strength. So have media that serve racial groups and those communicating in foreign languages. In general, more media than ever now provide Americans with news and entertainment. At the same time, fewer owners control them. Huge companies have many holdings (股份). In some areas, one company controls much of the media. One dramatic change in American media is the increased success of cable television. It comes into most homes over wires. It does not use the public airwaves to present programs, as broadcast television does. Like broadcast television, most cable television programs perform advertisements. This is true although people must pay to see cable television in their homes. Thirty years ago, few people had cable. Today, abut sixty-eight percent of American homes have cable television. Television by satellite is also gaining popularity. Over the years, traditional broadcast organizations have tried to appeal to as many watchers as possible. Many cable companies, however, present programs for one special group of viewers. For example, there are cable stations for people who like books, cooking, travel, golf or comedy. 29. Which of the following is true about American public media? A. They depend on the government. B. They are controlled by the government C. They are free D. They can earn money 30. From the second paragraph, we learn that ______. A. broadcast TV and cable TV programs include sales messages B. more media are out of control C. American media is dramatic D. cable TV is free 31 The underlined word “airwaves” in Paragraph 2 could best be replaced by ______. A. TV channels B. TV stations C. radio stations D. satellite media 32. What would be the best title for the text? A. American news and entertainment B. Public television and radio media C. Media in the United States D. Cable programs in the United States D Dogs have been man’s best friend for thousands of years since the Stone Age. Now scientists suspect they have discovered the root of the relationship- a dog really does understand his master’s voice. Researchers have found that pet dogs process the language in a similar way to humans. They learn to recognize the words that are spoken- the groups of consonants(辅音) and vowels. But tests suggest they also notice the more subtle(微妙的) aspects of human communication- the emotional tone, intonation and volume changes that influence the meaning of language. Scientists at Sussex University think this is because dogs process language in the same way as we do. Twenty-five dogs were placed between two speakers playing recorded commands. Due to cross- writing(交错的) in the brain, if a dog turned its left ear towards the voice it meant the right side of the brain was processing the sound. On the contrary, turning the right ear forward meant sound was being processed in the left hemisphere. Researchers Dr David Reby, from the University of Sussex, said, “This is particularly 3 interesting because our results suggest that the processing of speech parts in the dog’s brain is divided between the two hemispheres in a way that is actually very similar to the way it is separated in the human brain. Although we cannot say how much or in what way dogs understand information in speech from our study, we can say that dogs react to both spoken and speaker-related information and that these parts appear to be processed in different areas of the dog’s brain.” 33 What’s the main idea of the passage? A. Dog’s processing language is similar to human’s B. Dogs are good at processing human language. C. Dog’s language is attracting scientists’ interest. D. Dogs are a good company for people. 34 According to tests, the meaning of language in communication is not affected by ______. A. the expression B. the emotional tone C. intonation D. volume changes 35 How does David Reby feel about the study from his words? A. Satisfied B. Disappointed C. Anxious D. Amazed 第二节(共5小题;每小题2分, 满分10分) 根据短文内容,从短文后的选项中选出能填入空白处的最佳选项,并在答题卡 上将该项涂黑。
选项中有两项为多余选项。 Identity theft (身份盗用) is one of the fastest-growing crimes. Identity theft is a crime in which your personal information is stolen by someone and is used in an illegal way. When your identity is stolen, the thief often does fraud (诈骗) with that. 36 And you have to be responsible for the traffic accidents he causes. Why is identity theft becoming so common? 37 And the wealth of personal details people post on social networks such as Facebook also makes it easier for identity thieves to obtain personal information. Many people are not aware of the problems caused by this crime. They wake up from their carefree attitude only when they become a victim and suffer the damages caused by this crime. 38 And this is why it is important that every person should become cautious when using the Internet. The following tips may prevent you from identity theft. First, make sure your computer has an updated anti-virus and firewall system installed. Second, only enter your credit card details on secure sites, or websites that you’ve used before. Third, 39 Your date of birth, names of schools attended, phone number or the names of your parents are often required to verify (证明) an identity, and thieves can use this information too. Fourth, avoid sharing files as this gives other people access to your hard drive. Fifth, never open suspicious e-mails from unknown source. Last but not least, create complex passwords using a combination of numbers and keyboard symbols. 40 There is one solution to the problem. He may borrow money from the bank in your name. And change your passwords on a regular basis. There is no cure for identity theft except prevention. You must pay off all your debts ahead of time. Avoid giving away too much personal information on social networking sites. The popularity of the Internet and computers provides a gateway (出入口) for the identity 4 theft. 第三部分 语言知识运用(共两节,满分45分) 第一节 完形填空(共20小题;每小题1.5分,满分30分) 阅读下面短文,从短文后各题所给的四个选项(A、B, C和D)中,选出可以填入空白处的最佳选项,并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。 If you want to stand out, there is no alternative but hard work. Once a boy in 41 clothes full of patches ran to ask a successful building contractor (承包商) in a construction site, “How could I become as 42 as you when I grow up?” With a 43 at the boy, the contractor replied, “There is a story about three diggers. The first digger liked holding a spade without doing anything but saying that he wanted to be a(n) 44 in the future. The second always liked 45 about the work and his low 46 . The third digger liked 47 devoting himself to digging. Later, the first was still holding his spade in the 48 place and the second took an excuse for early 49 . Only the third became a boss. Do you understand the 50 of this story? Just go to buy a 51 shirt and work hard.” The little boy was 52 . So he asked the contractor to explain further. 53 the working builders, the contractor replied, “Look at my workers。 I can’t remember all their names, and even I have no 54 of some of them. Most of them wear blue shirts. But if you look 55 , you will notice a sunburned man in red. He seems to be working harder than others. He is always the first one to work while the last one to leave. It is exactly his red shirt that makes him 56 . Soon he will be 57 to be my assistant. You know, that is also how I got 58 I am now. I worked hard and wore a striped shirt. My boss 59 me. I also became a boss eventually.” Success can only 60 action. Working hard is all winners’ shared experience for achieving their dreams. 41.A. spotted B. ragged C. elegant D. formal 42.A. creative B. strong C. rich D. responsible 43.A. glance B. laugh C. wave D. shout 44.A. designer B. architect C. boss D. assistant 45.A. thinking B. learning C. explaining D. complaining 46.A. spirit B. salary C. ability D. intelligence 47.A. quietly B. excitedly C. obviously D. freely 48.A. remote B. ideal C. original D. suitable 49.A. arrival B. retirement C. development D. payment 50.A. ending B. people C. moral D. importance 51.A. yellow B. red C. white D. blue 52.A. puzzled B. disappointed C. embarrassed D. inspired 53.A. Speaking to B. Referring to C. Coming to D. Pointing to 54.A. impression B. description C. information D. expression 55.A. frequently B. regularly C. carefully D. doubtfully 56.A. stand out B. work out C. turn out D. give out 57.A. employed B. elected C. admitted D. promoted 58.A. which B. where C. who D. why 5 59.A. praised B. ignored C. scolded D. noticed 60.A. bring about B. lead to C. result from D. get into 第二节(共10小题;每小题1.5分,满分15分) 阅读下面材料,在空白处填入适当的内容(不多于3个单词)或括号内单词的正确形式。 People 61 (live) in different countries made different kinds of words. Today there are about fifteen hundred 62 (language) in the world. Each contains many thousands of words. A very large dictionary, 63 example, contains four or five hundred thousand words. But we do not need 64 these. To read short stories you need to know only about two thousand words. 65 you leave school, you will learn only one thousand or more. The words you know are called your vocabulary. You should try to make your vocabulary 66 (big). Read as many books as we can. There are a lot of books 67 (write) in easy English. You will enjoy them. When you meet 68 new word, look it 69 in your dictionary. Your dictionary is your 70 (much) useful book. 6 2015—2016学年度高二期末考试 英语试卷答题纸 第二卷 61.________ 62.________ 63.________ 64.________ 65.________ 66.________ 67.________ 68.________ 69.________ 70.________ 第四部分写作(共两节,满分35分) 第一节短文改错(共10小题;每小题1分,满分10分) 假定英语课上老师要求同桌之间交换修改作文,请你修改你同桌写的以下作文。 文中共有10处语言错误,每句中最多有两处。
每处错误仅涉及一个单词的增加、删除 或修改。
增加:在缺词处加一个漏字符号(∧),并在其下面写出该加的词。 删除:把多余的词用斜线( \ )划掉。 修改:在错的词下划一横线,并在该词下面写出修改后的词。 注意: 1. 每处错误及其修改均仅限一词; 2. 只允许修改10处,多者(从第11处起)不计分。 Last weekend, I went to visit my uncle in Oingdao with my parents. They took the train and got here on Friday afternoon. It was comfortable train ride and we enjoyed the wonderful view along the railway. On Saturday, it rains a lot, so we had to stay at home. While the adults were chatting, I played card with my cousins. Unluckily, it was sunny on Sunday. We went to the beach together but played in the water. The beautiful sea and fresh air made us very happily and relaxed. How a wonderful experience。
I hope for to be close to the sea again. 第二节 书面表达(满分25分) 假如你是李华,你的美国网友Jack发来邮件说他正在学习中文,请你推荐一个适合他学中文的网站,请你根据下面的信息,给他回复邮件。
推荐网站: 推荐理由:1. 内容丰富,有中文对话、成语、中国风俗、中文歌曲、中文电影和唐诗等; 2. 有在线老师可求助; 3. 该网站是免费使用的。 注意:1. 词数100左右 2. 可以适当增加细节,以使行文连贯。
________________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________ 7 _____________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________ 8 高二英语考试试题 英语答案 21-24 CDBD 25-28 CBCA 29-32 DAAC 33-35 AAA 36-40 B,G(涂CD),D,F(涂BC),C 41-45 BCACD 46-50 BACBC 51-55 BADAC 56-60 ADBDC 61 living/ who live 62 languages 63 for 64 all 65 Before 66 bigger 67 written/which are written 68 a 69 up 70 most 改错 Last weekend, I went to visit my uncle in Oingdao with my parents. They took the train and got We here on Friday afternoon. It was ∧comfortable train ride and we enjoyed the wonderful view there a along the railway. On Saturday, it rains a lot, so we had to stay at home. While the adults were chatting, I played rained card with my cousins. Unluckily, it was sunny on Sunday. We went to the beach together but cards Luckily and played in the water. The beautiful sea and fresh air made us very happily and relaxed. happy How a wonderful experience。 I hope for to be close to the sea again. What 去掉 作文 Dear Jack, I am so pleased to learn that you are learning Chinese. I’d like to recommend to you. It’s a good website for non-Chinese speakers who are learning Chinese, especially for beginners. Firstly, it provides you with a variety of online courses, such as Chinese idioms, dialogues and customs. Besides, the website will help you learn Chinese in most interesting and effective ways. Here you can learn to sing some Chinese songs, enjoy Tang poems and watch Chinese movies. Most important of all, if you meet with some difficulties in learning Chinese, there are teachers online to whom you can turn for help. And at last, the website is free of charge. I hope you will find this website interesting and helpful. I’m looking forward to hearing from you. 9 2016年政治初中升高中试题。
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