【初中英语】2016年中考英语语法:非谓语动词专项练习试题 人教版 不定式初中试题_教学资源|题库|学习文库-「普洱教育」

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【初中英语】2016年中考英语语法:非谓语动词专项练习试题 人教版 不定式初中试题

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不定式初中试题
初中英语语法 非谓语动词专项练习 1. The first textbooks _______ for teaching English as a foreign language came out in the 16th century. A. having written B. to be written C. being written D. written 2. —You were brave enough to raise objection at the meeting. —Well, now I regret _______ that. A. to do B. to be doing C. to have done D. having done 3. We agreed _______ here but so far she hasn’t turned up yet. A. having met B. meeting C. to meet D. to have met 4. The boy wanted to ride his bicycle in the street, but his mother told him _______. A. not to B. not to do C. not do it D. do not do 5. Paul doesn’t have to be made _______. He always works hard. A. learn B. to learn C. learned D. learning 6. _______ in thought, he almost ran into the car in front of him. A. Losing B. Having lost C. Lost D. To lost 7. The patient was warned _______ oily food after the operation. A. to eat not B. eating not C. not to eat D. not eating 8. The Olympic Games, _______ in 776 B.C., did not include women players until 1912. A. first playing B. to be first played C. first played D. to be first playing 9. I would love _______ to the party last night but I had to work extra hours to finish a report. A. to go B. to have gone C. going D. having gone 10. European football is played in 80 countries, _______ it the most popular sport in the world. A. making B. makes C. made D. to make 11. When I got back home I saw a message pinned to the door _______ “Sorry to miss you; will call later.” A. read B. reads C. to read D. reading 12. The purpose of new technologies is to make life easier, _______ it more difficult. A. not make B. not to make C. not making D. do not make 13. Robert is said _______ abroad, but I don’t know what country he studied in. A. to have studied B. to study C. to be studying D. to have been studying 14. The managers discussed the plan that they would like to see _______ the next year. A. carried out B. carrying out C. carry out D. to carry out 15. _______ such heavy pollution already, it may now be too late to clean up the river. A. Having suffered B. Suffering C. To suffer D. Suffered 16. Having a trip abroad is certainly good for the old couple, but it remains _______ whether they will enjoy it. A. to see B. to be seen C. seeing D. seen 17. The research is so designed that once _______ nothing can be done to change it. A. begins B. having begun C. beginning D. begun 18. It is said that in Australia there is more land than the government knows _______. A. it what to do with B. what to do it with C. what to do with it D. to do what with it 19. A cook will be immediately fired if he is found _______ in the kitchen. A. smoke B. smoking C. to smoke D. smoked 20. She looks forward every spring to _______ the flower-lined garden. A. visit B. paying a visit C. walk in D. walking in 21. When I handed the report to John, he said that George was the person _______. A. to send B. for sending it C. to send it to D. for sending it to 22. —What do you think made Mary so upset? —_______ her new bike. A. As she lost B. Lost C. Losing D. Because of losing 23. The lady said she would buy a gift for her daughter with the _______. A. 20 dollars remained B. 20 dollars to remain C. remained 20 dollars D. remaining 20 dollars 24. There are five pairs _______, but I’m at a loss which to choose. A. to be chosen B. to choose from C. to choose D. for choosing 25. _______ in 1636, Harvard is one of the most famous universities in the United States. A. Being founded B. It was founded C. Founded D. Founding 26. Fishing is his favorite hobby, and _______. A. he’d like to collect coins as well B. he feels like collecting coins, too C. to collect coins is also his hobby D. collecting coins also gives him great pleasure 27. Finding her car stolen, _______. A. a policeman was asked to help B. the area was searching thoroughly C. it was looked for everywhere D. she hurried to a policeman for help 28. In order to gain a bigger share in the international market, many state-run companies are striving _______ their products more competitive. A. to make B. making C. to have made D. having made 29. Though _______ money, his parents managed to send him to university. A. lacked B. lacking of C. lacking D. lacked in 30. There is a new problem involved in the popularity of private cars _______ road conditions need _______. A. that; to be improved B. which; to be improved C. where; improving D. when; improving 31. The discovery of new evidence led to _______. A. the thief having caught B. catch the thief C. the thief being caught D. the thief to be caught 32. _______ the general state of his health, it may take him a while to recover from the operation. A. Given B. To give C. Giving D. Having given 33. The picture _______ on the wall is painted by my nephew. A. having hung B. hanging C. hangs D. being hung 34. Sandy could do nothing but _______ to his teacher that he was wrong. A. admit B. admitted C. admitting D. to admit 35. Mr Reed made up his mind to devote all he had to _______ some schools for poor children. A. set up B. setting up C. have set up D. having set up 36. _______ late in the afternoon, Bob turned off the alarm. A. To sleep B. Sleeping C. Sleep D. Having 37. With a lot of difficult problems _______, the newly-elected president is having a hard time. A. settled B. setting C. to settle D. being settled 38. In some parts of London, missing a bus means _______ for another hour. A. waiting B. to wait C. wait D. to be waiting 39. In order to make our city green, _______. A. it is necessary to have planted more trees B. many more trees need to plant C. our city needs more trees D. we must plant more trees 40. —How do you deal with the disagreement between the company and the customers? —The key _______ the problem is to meet the demand _______ by the customers. A. to solving, making B. to solving, made C. to solve, making D. to solve, made 41. The teacher asked us _______ so much noise. A. don’t make B. not make C. not making D. not to make 42. _______ time, he’ll make a first-class tennis player. A. Having given B. To give C. Giving D. Given 43. He looked around and caught a man _______ his hand into the pocket of a passenger. A. put B. to be putting C. to put D. putting 答案详解: 1. D。表示“被动、完成”用过去分词作定语。 2. D。regret doing sth 表示对已经发生的事感到“后悔”;regret to say / tell / inform / announce 用以报告令人不快之事,表示对将要说的话感到“遗憾、抱歉”,主语通常是 I / we, regret 用一般现在时。 3. C。agree 只能接不定式,在谓语动之后发生,用一般式,选 C。
4. A。根据句型 tell sb (not) to do sth,排除 C 和 D;当不定式的动词是前面已出现过的相同的动词时,为避免重复,通常省略 to 后的内容,只保留 to, 所以只有 A 对。 5. B。make sb do sth 的被动式为 sb be made to do sth(某人被迫做某事)。
6. C。考查过去分词作状语。
Lost in thought=As he was lost in thought。be lost in thought(沉思)是固定搭配;这类习惯表达还有 be caught in the rain(遭雨淋), be dressed in red(穿着红衣), be seated(就座)等。
7. C。本句是 warn sb (not) to do sth 的被动式。
8. C。因 The Olympic games 与 play 是被动关系,排除 A 和 D;不定式的被动式,表示未来的动作,排除 B。表示“被动、完成”,用过去分词。 9. B。
would love / like 后面只能接不定式,排除 C 和 D。表示过去未曾实现的愿望,后接不定式完成式,故选 B。 10. A。现在分词作结果状语。 11. D。 句中 read 意为“有某字样”,a message pinned to the door 意为“钉在门上的一张纸条”,a message 与 read 是主动关系,因此用现在分词。 12. B。考查非谓语动词的结构平衡性。not to make it more difficult是与 to make it easier 形成对比的否定结构,两者在句中作表语。 13. A。
由 studied 可知,他曾到国外留过学,“留学”这个动作已结束并发生在谓语动作(is said)之前,所以要用完成式。 14. A。此句结构复杂,句中的 that 引导一个定语从句,它代表 the plan 并在从句中作 see 的宾语,the plan 与 carry out 是被动关系,因此,用过去分词作宾补。即卻ee the plan carried out the next year. 15. A。句意为“这条河已经遭受如此严重的污染,现在要想清理也许为时已晚了”。suffer 发生在 clean up 之前,且有 already 暗示,无疑要用现在分词的完成式作状语。
16. B。remain 作“尚需”解,要接不定式作表语,see 与 it(形式主语,指whether they will enjoy it)是动宾关系,因此用不定式的被动式。 17. D。“连词+分词”作状语,依然由句子主语与分词的关系来确定,主动关系用现在分词,被动关系用过去分词。
the research 与 begin 是被动关系,用过去分词 begun。 18. C。do with 与 what 连用是一个很有用的结构,可以表示“处置”、“利用”等。 19. B。find 后可接现在分词或过去分词作补语,但不接不定式。
he 与 smoke 是主动关系,用 -ing 形式作补语,故选 B。
20. D。look forward to 中 to 是介词,后接动词要用动名词。
若选 B,应在其后加 to 才行。 21. C。不定式作定语,the person 是 send it 的对象,可理解为 to send it to the person。 22. C。
用完整的句子应这样回答:Losing her new bike made Mary so upset. 23. D。因为 remain 是不及物动词,其过去分词无被动含义,所以要用 remaining(剩下的) 作定语,修饰 20 dollars。 24. B。句意是“有五双可供选择,我拿不定主意从中选择哪一双”,而不是选择五双。 25. C。
Harvard(哈佛大学)与 found(建立)是被动关系,且早在1636年已建立,故用 过去分词。 26. D。考查非谓语动词的结构平衡性。
因 and 连接两个并列的简单句,前一分句用-ing 形式作主语,后一分句也应用 -ing 形式作主语。 27. D。非谓语动词作状语时,其逻辑主语就是句子主语。Finding her car stolen 的逻辑主语显然是 she,故选 D。
意为:她发现她的车被人偷了,她就赶紧报警求援。 28. A。
不定式作目的状语。“使产品更具竞争性”是“正在努力的目的”。
29. C。“连词+分词”作状语。
his parents 与 lack money(缺钱)是主动关系,又因为 lack 是及物动词,不用介词,故选C。 30. A。
that 引导的从句与 problem 是同位语。need, want, require 等表示“(某物)需要做某事”时,后接动名词的主动式或接不定式的被动式都可以。 31. C。
lead to(导致、使)中的 to 是介词,后接动名词;逻辑主语 the thief 与catch 是被动关系,故选 C。
32. A。given 作介词,意为“鉴于、考虑到”,可接名词或 that 从句。
33. B。hang 表示“悬挂”时,可用作及物或不及物动词,此处填 hanging 或 hung 均可,但不能填 being hung,因为它表示动作正在进行,而此处表示的是一种悬挂的状态。
34. A。介词后接动词一般要用动名词,但 but / except 等介词后却可以接不定式,前面有行为动词 do 时不带 to,无 do 时要带 to。 35. B。devote卼o?把…贡献给…;致力于…)中 to 是介词,应接-ing 形式;all 是 devote 的宾语,he had 是省略了关系代词 that 的定语从句,修饰 all。
注意,千万不要以为 had to 是“不得不”,后接动词原形,而去选 A,那就中了命题人的圈套了。 36. A。不定式作目的状语。句意为:为了下午多睡一会,Bob 关掉了闹钟。 37. C。“新当选的总统日子不好过”是因为“有许多问题要解决”,表示“有…要…”用不定式作定语。 38. A。mean to do 打算做,mean doing 意味着。
句意为:在英国的某些地方搭不上公共汽车意味着要再等一个小时。
39. D。“使城市绿化”是“我们(we)”的目的。
40. B。key to(…的关键)中 to 是介词,应接动名词;又因名词 demand 与 make 是 被动关系(make demands 提出要求),另有 by 这一标志词暗示,用过去分词作定语。 41. D。
ask,tell, want 等后要接带 to 的不定式作宾补,其否定式是在不定式前加 not。即 ask sb (not) to do sth 叫某人(不要)做某事。
42. D。give 与其逻辑主语 he 是动宾关系,用过去分词,故选 D,Given time=If he is given time。
43. D。catch sb. doing sth. 意为碰巧撞见某人正在做某事。
初中英语语法 非谓语动词专项练习2 1. Helen had to shout ________ above the sound of the music. A. making herself hear B. to make herself hear C. making herself heard D. to make herself heard 2. Reading is an experience quite different from watching TV; there are pictures ________ in your mind instead of before your eyes. A. to form B. form C. forming D. having formed 3. The man insisted ________ a taxi for me even though I told him I lived nearby. A. find B. to find C. on finding D. in finding 4. The old man, ________ abroad for twenty years, is on the way back to his motherland. A. to work B. working C. to have worked D. having worked 5. You were silly not ________ your car. A. to lock B. to have locked C. locking D. having locked 6. Don’t leave the water ________ while you brush your teeth. A. run B. running C. being run D. to run 7. When flint ________ to the market, these products enjoyed great success. A. introducing B. introduced C. introduce D. being introduced 8. “We can’t go out in this weather,” said Bob, ________ out of the window. A. looking B. to look C. looked D. having looked 9. My advisor encouraged ________ a summer course to improve my writing skills. A. for me taking B. me taking C. for me to take D. me to take 10. ________ in the queue for half an hour, Tom suddenly realized that he had left his wallet at home. A. To wait B. Have waited C. Having waited D. To have waited 11. Linda worked for the Minnesota Manufacturing and Mining Company, ________ as 3M. A. knowing B. known C. being known D. to be known 12. Sarah, hurry up. I’m afraid you can’t have time to ________ before the party. A. get changed B. get change C. get changing D. get to change 13. ________ by the beauty of nature, the girl from London decided to stay another two days off the farm. A. Attracting B. Attracted C. To be attracted D. Having attracted 14. I don’t know whether you happen ________ , but I’m going to study in the U. S. A. this September. A. to be heard B. to be hearing C. to hear D. to have heard 15. The news reporters hurried to the airport, only ________ the film stars had left. A. to tell B. to be told C. telling D. told 16. Having been ill in bed for nearly a month, he had a hard time ________ the exam. A. pass B. to pass C. passed D. passing 17. ________ with the size of the whole earth, the biggest ocean doesn’t seem big at all. A. Compare B. When comparing C. Comparing D. When compared 18. ________ the programme, they have to stay there for another two weeks. A. Not completing B. Not completed C. Not having completed D. Having not completed 19. If you are planning to spend your money having fun this week, better ________ it—you’ve got some big bills coming. A. forget B. forgot C. forgetting D. to forget 20. According to a recent U. S. survey, children spend up to 25 hours a week ________ TV. A. to watch B. to watching C. watching D. watch 21. The flu is believed ________ by viruses that like to reproduce in the cells inside the human nose and throat. A. cause B. being caused C. to be caused D. to have caused 22. The flowers ________ sweet in the botanic garden attract the visitors to the beauty of nature. A. to smell B. smelling C. smelt D. to be smelt 23. The disc, digitally ________ in the studio, sounded fantastic at the party that night. A. recorded B. recording C. to be recorded D. having recorded 24. Having been attacked by terrorists, ________ . A. doctors came to their rescue B. the tall building collapsed C. an emergency measure was taken D. warnings were given to tourists 25. Robert is said ________ abroad, but I don’t know what country he studied in. A. to have studied B. to study C. to be studying D. to have been studying 26. The managers discussed the plan that they would like to see ________ the next year. A. carried out B. carrying out C. carry out D. to carry out 27. I’ve worked with child before, so I know what ________ in my new job. A. expected B. to expect C. to be expecting D. expect 28. ________ such heavy pollution already, it may now be too late to clean up the river. A. Having suffered B. Suffering C. To suffer D. Suffered 29. Having a trip abroad is certainly good for the old couple, but it remains ________ whether they will enjoy it. A. to see B. to be seen C. seeing D. seen 30. The research is so designed that once ________ nothing can be done to change it. A. begins B. having begun C. beginning D. begun 31. It is said that in Australia there is more land than the government knows ________. A. it what to do with B. what to do it with C. what to do with it D. to do what with it 32. A cook will be immediately fired if he is found ________ in the kitchen. A. smoke B. smoking C. to smoke D. smoked 33. I’m going to the supermarket this afternoon. Do you have anything ________ ? A. to be buying B. to buy C. for buying D. bought 34. The pilot asked all the passengers on board to remain ________ as the plane was making a landing. A. seat B. seating C. seated D. to be seating 35. Victor apologized for ________ to inform me of the change in the plan. A. his being not able B. him not to be able C. his not being able D. him to be not able 36. Suddenly, a tall man driving a golden carriage ________ the girl and took her away, ________ into the woods. A. seizing, disappeared B. seized, disappeared C. seizing, disappearing D. seized, disappearing 不定式初中试题。
小学二年级, 小学生英语口语, 北京中学, 上海向明中学, 成都市第二十中学校,

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