高三英语比较级句型表示最高级的含义、从高考试题看wh_ever等的用法等六篇语法用法小段文 不定式初中试题_教学资源|题库|学习文库-「普洱教育」

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高三英语比较级句型表示最高级的含义、从高考试题看wh_ever等的用法等六篇语法用法小段文 不定式初中试题

教学资源|题库|学习文库-「普洱教育」来源: https://www.puerjy.cn 2020-02-12 10:06初三 640892 ℃
不定式初中试题
比较级句型表示最高级的含义、从高考试题看Wh_ever等的用法、be+不定式的用法小结、常考英语语法十五要点、语法点滴“疑问词+不定式”用法小结、和名词性从句引导词细辨 英语中用比较级句型可以表示最高级的含义,较为常见的有下列几种形式:
1、直接使用比较级 ①How beautiful she sings。 I've never heard a better voice. = She has the best voice I've ever heard. 她唱得多好啊。
这是我听到的最美的歌喉。 ②I have never read a more interesting novel. = It is the most interesting novel I've ever read. 这是我读过的最有趣的小说。

2、比较级 + than + the other + 复数名词/ + any other + 单数名词/ + any of the other + 复数名词 ①She goes to school earlier than the other girls. 她比其他女孩早上学。 ②He works harder than any other student. 她学习最用功。 ③China is larger than any of the other countries in Asia. 中国是亚洲最大的国家

3、比较级 + than + anything/ anyone else ①George did more work than anyone else. 乔治干活最多。 ②Tom cared more for money than for anything else 汤姆最喜欢钱。

4、在比较句型中使用 "no", "nobody", "nothing" 等词。 ①I like nothing better than swimming. 我最喜欢游泳。
②Nobody can do the work better than he did. 这项工作他做得最出色。 ③No other building is as grand as the new hotel. 新建的宾馆是当地最豪华的。
从高考试题看Wh_ever等的用法 从高考试题看Wh_ever等的用法 1._______ leaves the room last ought to turn off the lights. A. AnyoneB. The person C. Whoever D. Who (key: C) 2. It is generally considered unwise to give a child ________ he or she wants. A. howeverB. whatever C. whichever D. whenever (key: B) 3. _______, Mother will wait for him to have dinner together. A. However is he lateB. However he is late C. However he late D. However late he is (key: D) 以上试题涉及who/ what/ which/ when/ where/ how + ever的用法,现归纳如下:

1、What/ who/ which + ever可引导名词性从句,相当于anything that或anyone who. e.g.1) Whoever works hard will succeed. (whoever = anyone who) 2) Whatever we do is to serve the people. (whatever= anything that)

2、what/ who/ which/ when/ where/ how + ever可引导让步状语从句,相当于no matter what/ who/ which/ when/ where/ how. However引导让步状语从句时常与形容词或副词连用,从句语序为however + adj./ adv. + 主 + 谓. e.g.1) Whatever you do, you must think it over first. (whatever = no matter what) 2) Wherever you go, I'll follow you. (whenever = no matter where) 3) However hard you try, you'll fail. (however = no matter how)

3、when/ where + ever还可引导时间或地点状语从句,相当于every time, everywhere. e.g.1) Whenever we see Mr. Lee we say hello to him. (whenever = every time) 2) He may go wherever he wants. (wherever = anywhere)

4、What/ who/ which/ when/ where/ how + ever也可用于疑问句中,比what/ who/ which/when/ where/ how语气更强,意思是"究竟是……?" e.g.1) Whoever did such a foolish thing? 2) Whatever do you think you are doing? be+不定式的用法小结 be+不定式是英语中常见的一种结构,关于它的用法现在总结如下: 一、构成系表结构:

1、表示目的,例如: The prize was to honour him for his great discoveries. 这项奖励是为了对他的重大发现而表示的敬意。

2、对主语内容进行解释说明,例如: What you should do is (to) answer my questions. 你所应该做的就是回答我的问题。 二、表示将来:

1、表示按计划安排要发生的事情,例如: The president is to visit China next year. 总统将于明年访问中国。 If we are to be there in time, we'll have to hurry up. 如果我们想及时到达那里,就必须要赶快。
注:我们可以说:It's going to rain. 但不能说:It's to rain.

2、表示无法预见的结果或注定要发生的事情,例如: Better days are soon to follow. 好日子就要到了。 三、构成虚拟语气:

1、were to do 用于虚拟条件句中,表示对将来情况的虚拟。例如: What would you do if war were to break out? 假如战争爆发你会怎么做。

2、was/were+不定式的完成式(=should+不定式的完成式)表示过去应该发生而未发生的动作,例如: We were to have been married last year。
我们本打算去年结婚的。
四、be 后的个别动词不定式的主动形式表示被动意义,例如: It's Jim who is to blame. 该怪的是吉姆。
This house is to let. 此房出租。 五、其他用法:

1、表示命令,指令。
例如: You are not to bring any mobile communication means into the exam-room. 任何移动通讯工具都不得带入考场。

2、表示必须,必要。例如: This letter is to be handed to him in person. 这封信必须要面交他本人。

3、表示能够或可能发生的事情,例如: How are we to convince him? 我们怎么能够说服他呢。

4、表示应该,例如: Such questions are to be avoided. 这样的问题应该避免。 常考英语语法十五要点 一、 动词时态及语态题(大家应该记住我所讲过的九种时态,特别是其中的过去完成,过去进行时,客观真理要用一般现在时等)

1、The manager told us that this factory was built in 1958.

2、By the time we got there, the play had already begun.

3、When I was a child, I knew that the earth turns about its axis.

4、When got home after a day’s exhausting work, his wife and children were sleeping. 二、 非谓语动词题(特别是现在分词与过时分词的区别,大家一定要弄明白主动与被动这对最最重要的区别,要求大家多看我的上课笔记)

1、The film showed last night was very moving. (不用moved,大家别忘了-ed形容词和-ing形容词的区别)

2、Having finishing his lecture, the teacher asked if anyone wished to asked a question.

3、The problem being discussed is very important.

4、Given more time, we are sure to finish it.

5、Will you please make yourself known to everyone here? 三、 It作形式主语及形式宾语题(这也是一个常考点,it本身是没有意思的,注意it还可以指时间,天气等。)

1、It is difficult to study English well.

2、We think it is important to pass the exam. 四、 强调句型(大家要记住的是it is (was)…….that….,如果前面是it is/was 后面往往选用that,当然强调人的时候也可用who)

1、It was at an evening party that I first saw her.

2、It is what you will do that is important.

3、When was it that he bought a new car? 五、 倒装句型 全部倒装句(这种全部倒装题历年只考过一次,考得最多的都是下面的部分倒装)

1、Stop talking。 There comes the teacher. 部分倒装句(如果选项里面有两个主谓倒装了,两个没有,我们一般要在倒装里做选择)

1、So badly was he hurt in the accident that he had to be sent to hospital.

2、Not only does he study well, but also he is always ready to help others.

3、Mary has done well in the English exam. So she has. She always does well in the exam. 六、 从句中选择关系词题(重点在定语从句,多看笔记, because/since/now that/as/for; so…that…/such… that…)

1、It was in so friendly a way that he talked with us.

2、Oct.15, 2005 is a day when we will take our English examination.

3、We want to buy the same book as you are reading.

4、The sun heats the earth, which is very important to living things. 七、 虚拟语气(我们要记住与现在,过去,将来相反的三种情况,特别是与过去相反的情况最常考,再有就是wish/as if 后面所接的三种情况,还有一个常考点在suggest,demand,require,order等表示建议,要求,命令的词后面加从句时,从句里谓语要用(should)+动词原形,如果是被动则用(should +be +动词过去分词)

1、I would have done it better if I had had more time.

2、I wish you would go with us tomorrow.

3、I suggest that we (should )adopt a different policy.

4、Had it not been for your help, we would never have been able to get over the difficulties. 八、 情态动词题(除了掌握常见情态动词基本用法外,常考点在三种表推测的情况,分别为must表对现在事情的肯定推测 ,can’t表对现在事实的否定推测, must have +v-ed表示对过去事实的肯定推测,而则表示过去应该做某事而没有做)

1、The ground is so wet, it must have rained last night.

2、She must be a doctor, I think.

3、I should have called you last week, but I was too busy then. 九、 几组形容词及副词区别题(注意比较级、最高级、倍数表达; likely/possible/probable; worth/worthy; too much/much too; already/yet等)

1、His books are three time as many as my books.

2、The Nile river is the longest river in the world.

3、It is much too hot tonight.

4、The harder he worked, the happier he felt. 十、 主谓一致题(往往出题者都是考谓语动词选单数这种情况,如each,every,everyone这样的词作主语以及Mary, like many other girls likes listening to music这样的题)

1、The moral of the officers and crew was very high.

2、Each boy and each girl in the city is asked to go to school.

3、Neither the quality nor the prices have changed.(近位原则) 十一、 动词及动词词组区别题(常考的有raise/rise/arise/arose; spend/cost/take/pay/afford; wound/injure/hurt/damage; find/findout/discover/invent; hit/strike/ring/beat; tell/say/speak/talk; join/join in/take part in等以及我所讲过的动词短语)

1、Can you tell the difference between these two words?

2、He joined the army three years ago. 十二、 主句用将来时,从句则用一般现在时(或现在完成时)表将来题

1、They will leave the classroom when they have finished writing.

2、We will start to work as soon as our teacher comes. 十三、 名词所有格以及名词后面有限定时则该名词前一定要加定冠词the题(名词的格有以下两种情况,Tom’book, 以及 the books of our school,特别是用of表示的所有格我们一定要习惯这种表达)

1、Beijing is the capital of China.

2、He can’t have the expience of all of the world. 十四、 常用介词区别题(如on, in, except /besides, within, without, through等)

1、You should write in ink not with your pencil.

2、He pulled her into the train by the arm.

3、by bus/train/air…. On foot, on the farm, in the morning/afternoon/evening, at night/noon 十五、 常考代词题(常考的有other/others, another/the other; sometimes/some time/sometime; that/which; that/what, either/neither/or; too/also/either; many/much/a great deal of/a great number of/a great amount of; a few/few/little/a little; as long as/as far as; so long as/so far as )

1、That you don’t like him is none of my business.

2、The weather in the north is much colder than that in the south in January.

3、He must be a worker. I think so. 一、"疑问词+不定式"的构成:由疑问代词who, whom, what, which; 疑问副词when, how, where等+不定式构成。
Choosing what to eat is no longer as easy as it once was. 选择吃什么,已经不像以前那么简单了。 How to describe people is today's topic. 如何描述人物是今天的话题。 二 、"疑问词+不定式"的功能:在句中可作主语、宾语、表语等成分。
1.作主语 How to give advice in English is what I am trying to learn. 我正在努力学习如何用英语提建议。
2.作宾语 ①作动词的宾语 We have to start somewhere if we want to learn how to write plays. 我们要学习写剧本,总得有个开头。 ②作介词的宾语 We had better learn to make the right choices about what and how we eat. 我们最好能学会正确选择吃什么、怎么吃。 When you are trying to advise someone about what to do or what not to do, you can use should / ought to or should not /ought not to. 当你想要建议某人做什么或者不做什么时,你可以用should / ought to 或者 should not / ought not to。 3.作表语 My question is where to find the answer. 我的问题是在哪里能找到答案。
三、"疑问词+不定式"的使用方法。 ⒈ "疑问词+不定式"构成的短语在句中当"名词"用,可以写成相应的从句。 I am not sure how to behave at the dinner table. (= I am not sure how I should behave at the dinner table.) 对餐桌礼仪,我心中没底儿。 ⒉ 这种结构中,疑问代词须接及物动词或相当于及物动词的短语(who, which除外)
【误】 I don't know what to talk.
【正】 I don't know what to talk about. 但可以说:We haven't decided who (which) to go. 我们还没定谁(哪个)去。 ⒊ 这种结构中的疑问副词后要接不及物动词;若接及物动词, 要有动词的宾语。 I don't know how to talk. 我不知如何谈。 I wonder if you could tell me how to do it. 不知您能否告诉我如何去做这件事。(不能说: ... how to do.) 名词性从句引导词细辨 主语从句、表语从句、宾语从句和同位语从句都属于名词性从句范畴。引导这些从句的连词大体上相同,但是部分学生对其中某些连词之间的区别还不甚清楚。此外连词之间的差异也一直是各类英语试题的命题热点。
本文就这些易错易混的连词谈谈它们的用法区别。 一、that,what和which 1. that引导名词性从句时只起连接从句的作用,本身没有任何意义,因此在从句中不充当任何句子成分,它的使用须注意以下几点: A. 引导宾语从句时,that常可省略,但如果主句后跟有并列宾语从句时,只能省略第一个that;若宾语从句前插有别的从句时,that也不能省略。
例如: He told me (that) he was all right and that he would come to see me when he was free. 他告诉我说他很好,并说在他有空时来看我。 B. that引导主语从句位于句首时不可省略.如果it作形式主语,而that从句置于句末, 这时that可以省略。
例如: That he has lost his work is not true. 他丢了工作不是真的。
=It is not true (that) he has lost his work. C.当主语为the reason时,注意应用that 引导其表语从句,不能受汉语影响而误用because。
例如: The reason why he was late was that he missed the early bus. 他迟到的原因是他没赶上早班车.(此句中的that不可用because代替) D.引导同位语从句时,切不可错用which。例如: Word has come that some American guests will come to visit our school next week. 有消息说下周将有一些美国客人来我校参观。 2. what与which引导名词性从句时都在从句中充当句子的某一成份,如主语、表语、宾语或定语,其区别是:what表示泛指的事物,常译为"什么"或"所……的事物", whatever是它的强语势"无论什么";which表示特定事物中的"哪一个(些)",一般情况下在从句中充当定语,后接名词,在一定的语境中,它所修饰的名词可以省略,whichever是它的强语势"无论哪一个(些)"。例如: I believe what (whatever) he says. 我相信他说的(不管他说什么我都相信)。
I will give her which (whichever) book she likes on the shelf. 这个书架上的(任何一本)书,只要她喜欢,我都会给她。 二、who,whoever,whom和whomever 在引导名词性从句时,在句中作主语时用who,意思是"谁",含有疑问意味,whoever是它的强语势"无论谁",不含有疑问意味。作宾语时用whom, 其相应强语势为whomever。
判别时要根据句意以及在句中的语法功能来决定该用哪个引导词。例如: Who has taken away my bag is unknown.谁拿走了我的包还不知道。
(若用Whoever显然句意不通) Whoever wants to see this film can go with us tonight. 无论谁想看这部电影今晚可以和我们一起去.(Whoever wants 相当于Anybody who wants,意为"凡是想……的人"。
这里不可换为Who。) Have you decided whom you are to nominate as your candidate? 你们是否已经决定提名谁作侯选人了? You can give the ticket to whomever you like. 你可以把票给任何你想给的人。 主语从句、表语从句、宾语从句和同位语从句都属于名词性从句范畴。引导这些从句的连词大体上相同,但是部分学生对其中某些连词之间的区别还不甚清楚。
此外连词之间的差异也一直是各类英语试题的命题热点。本文就这些易错易混的连词谈谈它们的用法区别。
一、that,what和which 1. that引导名词性从句时只起连接从句的作用,本身没有任何意义,因此在从句中不充当任何句子成分,它的使用须注意以下几点: A. 引导宾语从句时,that常可省略,但如果主句后跟有并列宾语从句时,只能省略第一个that;若宾语从句前插有别的从句时,that也不能省略。例如: He told me (that) he was all right and that he would come to see me when he was free. 他告诉我说他很好,并说在他有空时来看我。 B. that引导主语从句位于句首时不可省略.如果it作形式主语,而that从句置于句末, 这时that可以省略。例如: That he has lost his work is not true. 他丢了工作不是真的。 =It is not true (that) he has lost his work. C.当主语为the reason时,注意应用that 引导其表语从句,不能受汉语影响而误用because。例如: The reason why he was late was that he missed the early bus. 他迟到的原因是他没赶上早班车.(此句中的that不可用because代替) D.引导同位语从句时,切不可错用which。例如: Word has come that some American guests will come to visit our school next week. 有消息说下周将有一些美国客人来我校参观。 2. what与which引导名词性从句时都在从句中充当句子的某一成份,如主语、表语、宾语或定语,其区别是:what表示泛指的事物,常译为"什么"或"所……的事物", whatever是它的强语势"无论什么";which表示特定事物中的"哪一个(些)",一般情况下在从句中充当定语,后接名词,在一定的语境中,它所修饰的名词可以省略,whichever是它的强语势"无论哪一个(些)"。例如: I believe what (whatever) he says. 我相信他说的(不管他说什么我都相信)。
I will give her which (whichever) book she likes on the shelf. 这个书架上的(任何一本)书,只要她喜欢,我都会给她。 二、who,whoever,whom和whomever 在引导名词性从句时,在句中作主语时用who,意思是"谁",含有疑问意味,whoever是它的强语势"无论谁",不含有疑问意味。作宾语时用whom, 其相应强语势为whomever。
判别时要根据句意以及在句中的语法功能来决定该用哪个引导词。
例如: Who has taken away my bag is unknown.谁拿走了我的包还不知道。(若用Whoever显然句意不通) Whoever wants to see this film can go with us tonight. 无论谁想看这部电影今晚可以和我们一起去.(Whoever wants 相当于Anybody who wants,意为"凡是想……的人"。这里不可换为Who。
) Have you decided whom you are to nominate as your candidate? 你们是否已经决定提名谁作侯选人了? You can give the ticket to whomever you like. 你可以把票给任何你想给的人。 不定式初中试题。
小学成绩查询, 小学语文教研组工作计划, 海南省国兴中学, 东港中学, 山东省实验中学东校, 秦皇岛实验中学,

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