2018届高三英语复习试题:专题二第二讲 非谓语动词 随堂训练含解析 不定式初中试题_教学资源|题库|学习文库-「普洱教育」

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2018届高三英语复习试题:专题二第二讲 非谓语动词 随堂训练含解析 不定式初中试题

教学资源|题库|学习文库-「普洱教育」来源: https://www.puerjy.cn 2020-02-12 10:05初三 223520 ℃
不定式初中试题
Ⅰ 单句语法填空 1.(2017·湖北武昌区高三调考)The Yangtze River,________(know) in China as the Chang Jiang is the longest river in Asia and the longest in the world to flow entirely within one country. known 解析:主语the Yangtze River和know之间是被动关系,故用过去分词作后置定语,表被动。 2.(2017·浙江宁波九校联考)I like staying up late ____________ (watch) TV, surfing the Internet or doing something I’m fond of. watching 解析:逻辑主语I与watch之间为主动关系,表示伴随状态,故填现在分词watching。 3.(2017·玉溪一中第二次月考)You lose weight for a while, only ____________ (gain) back more weight when you stop your weight loss program. to gain 解析:“only+不定式”表示意想不到的结果。 4.(2017·太原一模)The unhappy mouse died soon in the water, and his dead body floated around on the surface, ____________ (fasten) to the foot of the frog. fastened 解析:考查非谓语动词。
fasten和句子谓语floated之间没有连词,故用非谓语动词,且和其主语his dead body构成逻辑上的动宾关系,故用过去分词。 5.(2017·湖北八校第一次联考)No one can ignore the rich culture ____________ (date) back to ancient times changing into the modern age at a speed and scale that has never been witnessed. dating 解析:考查非谓语动词。date和句子谓语动词ignore之间没有连词,故用非谓语动词形式,且词组date back to没有被动形式,故用现在分词短语作后置定语。 6.(2017·洛阳第一次统考)The 15-year-old from Oakland has fascinated audiences in the U.S. and China with his ability ____________ (sing) pitch-perfect Mandarin (普通话) and perform the ancient Chinese art form. to sing 解析:考查非谓语动词。
ability to do sth.意为“做某事的能力”,为固定词组搭配,故用不定式作后置定语。
7.(2017·湖南六校联盟高三联考)Of course, ____________ (enjoy) a nice meal with friends, whatever we eat, can also impact our spirits. Being with friends and family plays a big part in experiencing happiness. enjoying 解析:考查非谓语动词。分析该句结构可知,此处为动名词短语在句中作主语。 8.(2017·天津卷)The hospital has recently obtained new medical equipment, ____________ (allow) more patients to be treated. allowing 解析:逗号前面为完整的句子,此处应用非谓语动词形式;The hospital与allow之间为主动关系,故用现在分词作状语。
9.(2017·广东七校联合体第二次联考)We went to a fast food restaurant for dinner together. My husband went to the counter ____________ (order) dishes and I stood with my parents. to order 解析:考查动词不定式。句意:我的丈夫去柜台订餐,我和我的父母在一起站着。
空处表示去柜台的目的,故用动词不定式。
10.(2017·合肥第一次检测)Emperor Qin Shihuang simplified Chinese characters and regular rules were set, ____________ (make) it easier for people to learn and master. making 解析:考查非谓语动词。动词make与其逻辑主语是主谓关系且与上文之间无连词,故用现在分词making在此处作状语。 11.(2017·重庆西北狼教育联盟第一次联考)I felt like an idiot. I should not have left without charging my cell phone. The battery was dead and I was alone without any way ____________ (contact) my family. to contact 解析:考查不定式。
设空句意:我手机电池没有电了,我独自一人,没有办法和家人联系。根据any way和句意可知,应用动词不定式作any way的后置定语。 12.(2017·贵州适应性考试)When you meet people from different cultures,it is important ____________ (understand) what you can and cannot do. to understand 解析:考查动词不定式。分析该句结构可知,该句使用了it is/was+adj.+to do sth.的句型,其中it作形式主语,动词不定式作真正的主语。 Ⅱ 单句改错 1.(2017·广东七校第二次联考)I like travelling and my dream of visit Beijing, the capital city of our country, came true during the National Day holidays this year.____________________ visit→visiting 解析:考查动名词。of为介词,后接动名词作宾语。
2.(2017·西安六校联考)Before heard his answer, she started to read him almost every single greeting card out loud until the elderly man smiled.____________________ heard→hearing 解析:考查动名词。before为介词,后接名词、代词或动名词,故用hear的动名词形式hearing。 3.(2017·重庆南开中学月考)The Chinese restaurant naming New Panda Buffet provides genuine Chinese food, which many diners have given 5-star reviews.____________________ naming→named 解析:restaurant与name之间为被动关系,因此应用过去分词作后置定语。
故将naming改为named。 4.(2017·湖北武汉高三调考)Last Sunday was my birthday, so I invited some guys go out with me for a celebration.____________________ go前加to 解析:动词invite后应用不定式作其补足语,即invite sb. to do sth.。 5.(2017·重庆西北狼教育联盟第一次联考)So I would like to advise you not to hurt yourself to trying to make money.____________________ trying→try 解析:考查动词不定式。
此处是动词不定式表目的,故to 后应用动词原形try。 6.(2017·吉林吉大附中月考)Thought that his solution might be wrong, I carefully analyzed the problem and tried to work it out in a different way.____________________ Thought→Thinking 解析:分析句子结构可知,Thought that his solution might be wrong在句中作状语,think与其逻辑主语I之间为主动关系,因此应不定式初中试题。
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