2018年5月22日 不定式作后置定语be likely to do-试题君之每日一题君2017-2 不定式初中试题_教学资源|题库|学习文库-「普洱教育」

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2018年5月22日 不定式作后置定语be likely to do-试题君之每日一题君2017-2 不定式初中试题

教学资源|题库|学习文库-「普洱教育」来源: https://www.puerjy.cn 2020-02-12 10:04语文 459452 ℃
不定式初中试题
高考频度:★★★☆☆ 难易程度:★★★★☆ 1. We don’t have enough paper _____________. A. to write D. writing B. to write C. to write on 【参考答案】C 【拓展延伸】 不定式作定语 当中心词是序数词或被序数词修饰时,常用不定式作后置定语。不定式作定语与被修饰词之间存在关系如下: 1. 主谓关系。
☛In my family, my mother is always the first one to get up. 在我家我妈妈总是第一个起床。 2. 动宾关系。如果不定式里的动词是不及物动词,则要加上适当的介词或副词,才能直接修饰前面的宾语。 ☛He has a lot of books to read. 他有很多书要看。
☛She has nothing to worry about. 她没什么可担心的。 3. 动状关系。
被修饰词如果是不定式里动词的状语,多用介词短语。由于被修饰词前没有介词,所以只能在不定式里的动词后加介词。
☛I have no house to live in. 我没有房子住。 4. 不存在主谓、动宾、动状关系。被修饰词与不定式里的动词不存在主谓、动宾、动状关系的,被修饰词多是些抽象名词。 ☛I have no time to go to the movie. 我没有时间去看电影。
不定式作定语的常考情形: 1. 当中心词是序数词或被序数词、形容词最高级,the next, the only, the last等修饰时,常用不定式作后置定语。
2. 被用来修饰的词是抽象名词,常见的有:ability, belief, chance, idea, promise, attempt, way等。 ☛—The last one to arrive pays the meal. 最后一个到的请客。 —Agreed。 同意。 ☛The ability to express an idea is as important as the idea itself. 表达思想的能力和思想本身一样重要。

【易错点津】 如果不定式是一个不及物动词,或者不定式所修饰的名词或代词是不定式动作的地点、工具等时,不定式后面要有必要的介词。
☛I think this room is the best place to study in. 我认为这个房间是学习的最佳地点。 2. (2017·江苏改编) A great decline in young work force is ____________(like) to occur in China, for instance.
【参考答案】likely
【拓展延伸】 1. It’s likely that sb...=sb. be likely to do...某人很可能…… ☛I shall be likely to catch a cold if I go out tonight without my overcoat. 如果今晚不穿大衣出去,我会感冒的。 2. likely adj. 可能的 unlikely adj. 不可能的 be unlikely to...不大可能…… 3. 表示"可能"的常见句型: be likely to do...可能做…… It is likely that...可能…… It is possible for sb. to do...某人可能做…… It is possible that...可能…… It is probable that...可能…… Not likely不会;不可能
【易混辨析】likely/possible /probable 侧重从表面看,某事很有可能发生,与probable意思相近。
likely在作表语时,其主语likely 可以是人也可以是物。 强调客观上有可能,但也常常暗示"实际上希望很小"。常用的句式为"It is possible possible for sb. to do sth." 或"It is possible+that从句"。其作表语时,不能用人作主语。 主要指有根据、合情理、值得相信的事物,常有"大概,很可能"的意味,语气较possibleprobable 强。常用的句式为"It is probable+从句"。
其作表语时,不能用人或不定式作主语。 ☛John is likely to be in London this autumn. 今年秋天约翰可能在伦敦。
☛It’s possible that he will not accept the invitation. 他有可能不接受邀请。 ☛It is highly probable that it will rain today. 今天很可能会下雨。 1. 单句改错 She was the first black woman win the gold medal in the Olympic Games. _____________________________________________________________________________________ 2. 完成句子 ①I want to interview Liu Yang, because she is ________________________________(第一位在太空遨游的中国女士). ②I______________________________(已经得到了一个出国学习的机会), which makes me very delighted. ③I__________________________(有很多事情要处理) tomorrow, so I can’t pick you up at the airport. 3. 单句改错 (2017·新课标全国卷II) When summer came, they will invite their students pick the fresh vegetables。 _____________________________________________________________________________________ 4. 根据提示语填空 The headmaster (可能不来参加) the meeting, but it is (有可能) for us to come up with a solution by ourselves. Anyhow it is (很有可能) that we can solve the problem in a satisfactory way. 5. 同义句改写 They are likely to be fired by the company because of their fault.(用it作形式主语改写) _____________________________________________________________________________________ 6. 完成句子 ①(2017·新课标全国卷II改编) Why is the Transition ____________(unlike) to show up in too many driveways? ②(2015•重庆改编) You are very l___________ to come across large wild animals, too. ③(2016•新课标全国卷II改编) If you find something you love doing outside of the office, you’ll be less likely ____________________ (bring) your work home. ④(2016•上海) If the total stress in your life is over 150, you are twice as likely __________________ (get )ill. ⑤(2016•新课标全国卷III改编) One of his first findings was that articles in the science section were much more likely_____________________ (make) the list than non-science articles. ⑥(2016•新课标全国卷III改编)The more positive an article, __________________ (likely) it was to be shared, as Dr. Berger explains in his new book, "Contagious: Why Things Catch On." 不定式初中试题。
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