2019年中考真题类汇编之语法单选精讲(精品解析)12 非谓语动词 不定式初中试题_教学资源|题库|学习文库-「普洱教育」

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2019年中考真题类汇编之语法单选精讲(精品解析)12 非谓语动词 不定式初中试题

教学资源|题库|学习文库-「普洱教育」来源: https://www.puerjy.cn 2020-02-12 10:04语文 252847 ℃
不定式初中试题
(2019辽宁葫芦岛)7. Fred hopes ________ his spoken English, so he practices it every day. A improve B. improves C. improving D. to improve 7.D考查动词不定式。句意:弗雷德希望提高他的英语口语,所以他每天都练习。hope to do sth.是固定用法,意为“希望做某事”,故选D。 (2019贵州贵阳) live a low-carbon life, we must remember _____ the lights when we leave the room. A. to turn off B. turning off C. not to turn off 36. A 考查非谓语动词的用法。句意:为了过低碳生活,我们必须记住离开房间时关灯。remember to do sth记得要做某事(未做) ,remember doing sth记得做过某事(已做) ;根据目的状语to live a low-carbon life可知,离开房间时应及时关灯,故选A。 (2019 广西贵港) 37.—I have trouble _______ the new word . Can you help me? —Sure. You can look it up in the dictionary. A. understanding B. to understand C. understand D. understood 37. A考查非谓语动词的用法。句意:——我在理解新单词方面有困难。
你能帮助我吗。
——当然可以了。
你可以在词典里查找它。固定用法:have trouble (in) doing sth.意为“在做某事方面有困难”。
故选A。 (2019海南) 36. Mr. Green refuses _______ sweet food. She doesn’t want to get fat. A. eat B. eating C. to eat 36. B考查非谓语动词。refuse to do sth.意为“拒绝做某事”。
故选B。
(2019黑龙江大庆)9. You’d better ______ hard from now on, ______ you will fail in the exam. A. work; and B. working; or C. working; and D. work; or 9. D 考查非谓语动词和连词的用法。句意:你最好从现在开始努力学习,___你将会考试不及格。had better最好,后跟动词原形,可排除B、C项;前半句“最好努力学习”与后半句will fail in the exam构成转折关系,故应用or(否则)表达。故选D项。
(2019黑龙江大庆)10. —Would you like ______ a film with us tonight? —Sorry, I have to help my mother do housework. A. see B. to see C. seeing D. to seeing 10. B 考查非谓语动词。句意:——你愿意今晚和我一起看电影吗。
——真抱歉,我得帮我妈妈做家务。would like to do sth.愿意/想做某事,是固定搭配。
故选B项。 (2019黑龙江绥化)9. A friend in need is a friend indeed. All of us need a friend ________. A. to talk with B. talking with C. to talk 9. A 考查非谓语动词。句意:患难见真情。我们所有人都需要一个朋友来交谈。本句中缺少动词不定式作后置定语;在动词不定式短语中介词不省略。故选A。
(2019吉林)l visits many websites _______about Chinese culture. A. learn B. learned C. to learn 29.C考查非谓语动词(动词不定式的用法) 。句意:迈克尔浏览了很多网站来学习中国的文化。通常,在简单句中只能有一个谓语动词,如果还有另外的动词,一般做并列的谓语,或用其非谓语动词形式,所以A和B被排除掉;此处需要用不定式在句中做目的状语。故选C。 (2019云南昆明) 31. Yunnan Museum is such an interesting place that many kids have fun ______ it. A. visiting B. to visit C. reading D. to read 31. A 考查非谓语动词。have fun doing sth. 表示“做某事很开心”,故排除选项B和D;根据主语Yunnan Museum可知,要和动词visit搭配构成动宾关系,可排除选项C。
故选A。 第 1 页 共 7 页 (2019 江苏镇江) my surprised, Daniel parents allowed him ______Shanghai Disneyland with me. A. to visit B. visiting C. visit D. visits 2.A 考查非谓语动词。句意:令我惊讶的是,丹尼尔的父母允许他和我一起去上海迪斯尼乐园。allow动词,意为“允许”,allow sb. to do sth.意为“允许某人做某事”。
故选A。 (2019内蒙古包头)24. —Why were you angry with your daughter? — She was busy ______ and taking selfies (自拍) when I was talking to her. A. texting B. to text C. text D. texted 24. A考查非谓语动词。be busy doing sth.意为“忙于做某事”,后接现在分词。故选A。 (2019辽宁盘锦)7. —My best friend went abroad. I miss her and feel down today. — Don’t be sad. Here is good news for you _______. A. cheer up B. cheering up C. cheered up D. to cheer up 7. D考查非谓语动词。
句意:——我最好的朋友出国了,今天我想念她,感觉很失落。——不必伤心,这里有让你振奋的好消息。由句意可知,告知的消息是为了让说话人振作,即表达的是目的,英语中常用不定式结构作目的状语,故选D。
(2019 江苏镇江) Ming, a basketball giant, _______water polo when he was young. playing B. used to play C. is used to playing D. was playing 9.B 考查非谓语动词。句意:姚明,一名篮球巨星,年起时常打水球。
used to do sth.意为“过去常常做某事”;be used to doing sth.意为“习惯做某事”。故选B。
(2019江苏苏州)2. —Please stay with me this weekend. —I’m sorry, but my father and I planned ________ Beijing a long time ago. A. visit B. visiting C. to visit D. visited 2. C 考查非谓语动词。句意:——这周末请跟我待在一起。——对不起,但是我和爸爸很久之前就计划去北京参观了。visit参观,作动词;visiting是visit的-ing形式;to visit是visit的不定式形式;visited是visit的过去式。plan to do sth.计划做某事,故选C。
(2019 四川达州)22.—Hello, Lucy, please give me some ______ on how to improve my English。
—You’d better keep ______ more English books. s; read B. advice; read C. advice; reading D. advices; reading 22. C 考查名词和非谓语动词。advice是不可数名词;keep后接动词时,用动词+ing形式。
故选C。 (2019湖南岳阳)27. People enjoy ______ zongzi on the Dragon Boat Festival. A. eat B. eating C. to eat 27. B考查固定短语。句意:端午节人们喜欢吃粽子。enjoy doing sth.喜欢做某事,故选B。 (2019四川遂宁)24. These foreigners are practicing _______ Chinese A. to speak B. speaking C. speak D. speaks 24. B 考查动词的用法。
句意:这些外国人正在练习说汉语。考查题干中practice的用法。practice后接动词的-ing形式,即构成practice doing sth.。故选B。 (2019甘肃天水)ng Disneyland is well worth ______. visit d ng 28.D考查动名词及固定搭配。
句意:香港迪尼斯乐园值得______。固定搭配:be worth doing值得做……,故选D。 (2019甘肃天水)46.I saw her ______ flowers in the garden when I passed by. water ng d 第 2 页 共 7 页 46.C考查非谓语动词的用法。句意:我路过时看见她在花园里浇花。分析句子结构可知,主句已有谓语,此处需非谓语动词,see sth.看见某人正在做某事,固定搭配,根据句意,故选C。
(2019甘肃天水)ssmen prefer _______ e-mails to communicate with each other rather than ______ phone calls. , make write, make write, to make , to make 47.B考查动词不定式及固定搭配。
句意:商人更喜欢写电子邮件来互相交流,而不是打电话。固定搭配:prefer to do sth. rather than do sth.宁可做某事也不做某事。
故选B。 (2019四川眉山) 29.I like the TV program The Reader best. I think we should spend as much time as we can in our spare time. B. to read C. reading D. reads 29.C 考查固定短语。
句意:我非常喜欢朗读者这个节目,我认为我们应该在空闲时间尽量的多去阅读。spend …(in)dong sth…花费……做某事。故选C。 (2019四川南充) 28. —I tried to make Alice _________ her mind but I found it difficult. —Well, I saw you _________ that when I went past. A. changed; do B. changes; doing C. change; to do D. change; doing 28. D 考查非谓语动词。
上文“我试图让艾丽斯改变想法,但是我发现很难。” make sb. do sth. 使某人做某事,故第一个空应用change; 下文“当我经过的时候我看到你正在试图改变艾丽斯的想法”see sb. doing sth. 看到某人正在做某事,故第一个空应用doing。故选D。
(2019重庆B卷)28. Miss Chen, my dear English teacher, often encourages me _____ the challenges in my study. A. face B. faces C. facing D. to face 28. D 考查非谓语动词。
句意:陈老师,我亲爱的英语老师,经常鼓励我去面对学习上的挑战。encourage sb. to do sth. 为固定搭配,意为“鼓励某人做某事”。
故选D。 (2019四川成都)35. Smart phones _____ by Huawei are getting more and more popular around the world. A. made B. making C. to make 35. A考查非谓语动词。句意:由华为制造的智能手机正在全世界变得越来越受欢迎。主语“smart phones”与所填动词“make”构成逻辑上的动宾关系,且所填词在句中作后置定语修饰主语“smart phones”,应填其过去分词形式,故选A。 (2018四川德阳)22. Mother asks me English every morning. A. read B. to read C. reading D. not read 22. B考查非谓语动词的用法。句意:妈妈要求我每天早上读英语。
ask sb. to do sth. 意为“叫/要求某人做某事”。故选B。 (2019四川乐山) 32. —What should I do, doctor? —________ healthy, you should take more exercise. A. Keep B. Keeping C. To keep 33. B 考查非谓语动词的用法。句意:——我该怎么办,医生?——为了保持健康,你应该多做运动。
多做运动的目的是为了保持健康,故用动词不定式to keep healthy 作目的状语,故选C。 (2019四川自贡)26. —My uncle is against wasting anything. —No wonder he would rather the old bike than a new one. A. repair;to buy B. to repair;buy C. repair;buy 第 3 页 共 7 页 26. C 考查非谓语动词的用法。
句意:——我叔叔反对浪费任何东西。——难怪他宁愿修修那辆旧自行车也不买辆新的。
would rather do … than do…是固定句型,意为“宁愿……也……”,故选C。 (2019天津)30. The government is setting up nature parks, ______ protect pandas. A. to help B. help C. helped D. helps 30. A 考查非谓语动词。句意:政府设立自然公园来帮助保护大熊猫。分析语境可知,空格处动词在句中用作目的状语,因此用动词不定式形式。
故选A。 (2019重庆A卷) 29. He took off his expensive watch ______ the fact that he was rich. A. to hide B. hid C. hide D. hidden 29. A 考查非谓语动词。句意:他摘下了他昂贵的手表,以隐藏他很富有的事实。分析语境可知,空格处动词在句中用作目的状语,因此用动词不定式。
故选A。 (2019河南)27.一Do you always get up so early? ___________ —Yes, _ the first bus. My home is far away from school. A. catch B. to catch ng D. caught 27. B 考查非谓语动词辨析。catch为动词原形;to catch为动词不定式;catching为动词-ing形式;caught为动词的过去式或过去分词。根据答语“你总是起床这么早吗。”可知,答语回答起床早的目的,此处作目的状语,要用动词不定式,故选B。
(2019广西百色) 33. The teachers often tell us ________ in the river. It’s dangerous. A. not swim B. don’t swim C. not swimming D. not to swim 33. D 考查非谓语动词。句意:老师经常吩咐我们不要在河里游泳。它是危险的。
根据短语tell sb. not to do (让/吩咐某人不要做某事)可知选D。 (2019广西桂林)34. Time is limited。 You’d better _______ your time any more. A. not to waste B. waste C. not waste 34. C 考查非谓语动词的用法。句意为:时间有限制。你最好_____你的时间。
had better后跟动词原形,可排除A项;由前句Time is limited。及本句中的any more可知,本句应是否定句。故选C项。
(2019广西河池)33. My parents don’t allow me _______ TV on school nights. A. to watch B. watch C. watches D. watching 33. A 考查非谓语动词的用法。句意:我父母不允许我在上学的晚上看电视。allow sb. to do sth.是固定搭配,表示“允许某人做某事”。故选A。
(2019 广西柳州)35. He ran as fast as he could ________ the bus but he failed. A. catch B. to catch C. caught 35. B 考查非谓语动词。他跑得快目的是去赶那辆车。故选B。 (2019 贵州毕节)26. Betty is often seen ______ the lonely old man with his housework. . B. helping C. helps D. helped 26. B 考查非谓语动词的辨析。句意:经常看到Betty在帮助孤寡老人做家务。由句式:see sb. doing sth.的被动语态形式(Sb +be seen+doing sth.)可知答语helping在该句中修饰主语,表示动作在进行中,故选B。 (2019贵州黔南、黔东南、黔西南)26. Betty is often seen the lonely old man with his housework. B. helping C. helps D. helped 26.B考查非谓语动词用法。句意:经常看到贝蒂在帮助那位孤独的老人做家务。
现在分词用于被动语态的句子中作主语补足语,说明主语发出的动作正在进行。
故选B。
(2019 广西柳州)40. Lily enjoys ________ a film at the weekend. 第 4 页 共 7 页 B. to see C. seeing 40. C 考查非谓语动词。enjoy doing sth. 表示喜欢做某事,故选 C. (2019 黑龙江龙东) 7. We should keep the windows in order to let the fresh air in. A. opened B. opening C. open 7. C 考查考查非谓语动词。
句意:为了让新鲜的空气进来,我们应当开着窗。“keep + 名词 + 形容词”是固定句型,表示“让……保持某种状态”,故选C。 (2019黑龙江哈尔滨)6. Kids like reading stories which can make them ______. A. laugh B. to laugh C. laughing 6. A考查非谓语动词。句意:孩子们喜欢阅读使他们发笑的故事。make sb. do sth.意为“使某人做某事”。 故选A。
(2019黑龙江龙东) 14. —Betty, I am not good at English. Could you help me, please。 —Sure. I’ll do what I can you improve your English. A. help B. to help C. helping 14. B 考查非谓语动词。
句意:——贝蒂,我英语不好,你能帮助我吗。——当然。为了帮助你提高英语成绩,我会做我所能做的。分析句子可知,这里用动词不定式短语作目的状语,故选B。 (2019 湖北鄂州) 27.—Jimmy, I don’t like my classmate Bob. He is so noisy. —Oh, so he is. But you cannot avoid _______ him. He sits next to you. A. meet B. to meet C. meeting D. to meeting 27.C 考查非谓语动词。句意:——吉米,我不喜欢我的同学鲍勃。他太吵了。——哦,他确实是。但是你难免要遇见他。他就坐在你旁边。
动词avoid后接动词-ing形式作宾语,表示“避免做某事”。故选C。
(2019湖北咸宁)32. — Have you ever heard that China is building a nationwide 5G network? —Right. 5G will allow us ______ English movies faster than ever. A. download B. downloads C. to download D. downloading 32. C 考查非谓语动词。句意:—— 你听说过中国正在建设一个全国性的5G网络吗。—— 是的。5G将使我们比以往更快地下载英语电影。
allow sb. to do sth.表示“允许某人做某事”,故选C。 (2019湖北咸宁)35. — Come and see。
The baby is crying. —Please do something to make him _______. crying B. stop to cry C. crying D. cry 35. A
【解析】考查非谓语动词。句意:——过来看看。
这个宝宝正在哭泣。——请想想办法让他停止哭。
make sb. do sth.意思是“使某人做某事”,排除C项;stop doing sth. 意思是“停止做某事”,指停止正在进行的事情。前句提到了“这个孩子在哭”可推知后句应表示“想办法让他不要哭了”。
故选A。 (2019 湖北孝感)34.—In my opinion, animals shouldn’t be kept for fun. —I think so. Forests are the best places for animals _________. A. live B. living C. to live D. to live in 34. D 考查非谓语动词。
句意:——在我看来,不应该养动物玩。——我认为是这样。
森林是动物生活的最好地方。这里是动词不定式做后置定语,修饰名词places;两者之间是逻辑上的动宾关系live in the places,故选D。 (2019湖南益阳) 27. _________, he has to listen to tapes every day. 第 5 页 共 7 页 A. To learn English well B. Learn English well C. Learning English well 27. A 考查非谓语动词。为了学好英语,他必须每天都听磁带,To learn English well是不定式作目的状语。
故选A。
(2019江苏泰州)8. In his e-mail, David promised _______ his daughter during her stay in Japan. A. visiting B. visit C. visited D. to visit 8.D考查非谓语动词的用法。
根据句意要用promise to do sth“允诺去做某事”。故选D。
(2019 江苏盐城)9. Mr Wu keeps _________ his students that the future belongs to the well-educated. A. telling B. to tell C. ordering D. to order 9. A 考查非谓语动词辨析。
句意:吴先生告诉他的学生们未来取决于受过良好教育。keep后接动词的现在分词,可以排除B和D。telling告诉;ordering命令,要求。故选A。 (2019江苏扬州)8. — Daniel, do you know that bees never get lost. — Yes, Bees always remember ______ the same way as they went. A. come back B. came back C. coming back D. to come back 8. D 考查非谓语动词。句意:——丹尼尔,你知道蜜蜂从来都不会迷路吗。
——是的,蜜蜂总是能够记住按照它们走过的原路返回。固定短语remember to do sth 记得去做某事(未做) ,故选D。 (2019四川内江)24. —Where is Mike? —I saw him ________ with Mr. Smith in the hallway just now. A. to talk B. talking C. talked D. talks 24. B 考查非谓语动词。
刚才我看到他与史密斯先生在走廊交谈,see sb. doing sth.看到某人正在做某。故选B。
(2019 贵州安顺)33.—What time do you get up in the morning on school days? —I get up at
7:00 every morning to avoid ________the early bus. A. miss B. missed C. missing D. to miss 33.C考查非谓语动词。
句意:“在上学的日子里,在早上你什么时间起床。”“我每天早上7点钟来避免耽误早班车。”。
avoid doing sth.意为“避免做某事”。故选择C项。 (2019 贵州安顺)30.—What a heavy rain。
—So it is. I prefer ________ rather than ________ on such a rainy day. A. to go out, staying at home B. staying at home, go out C. going out, stay at home D. to stay at home, go out 30.D 考查固定短语。句意:“雨下得多大呀。”“是的。
在这样一个雨天,我宁愿待在家里,而不愿出去。”。prefer to do sth. rather than do sth.意为“宁愿做某事而不愿做某事”。故选择D项。
(2019湖南湘西)36. —John, remember_______off the lights when you leave the classroom. —No problem。
A. turn B. turned C. to turn 36. C 考查动词不定式。句意:——约翰,你离开教室时记得关灯。——没问题。Remember to do sth.意为“记得去做某事”,表示记得要做的事,故选C。 (2019湖南湘西)42. —How do you practice your spoken English, Andrew? —By _______ English with my classmates. A. to speak B. speaking C. speak 42. B 考查动名词用法。
句意:——安德鲁,你怎么练习英语口语。——通过和我的同学说英语。空前by是介词,介词后应接动名词作宾语,故选B。 第 6 页 共 7 页 (2019 贵州安顺)34.—My father _________to his workplace by bus, but now he __________there by bike. —Really? You have an environmentally-friendly father. A. used to go, is used to go B. used to going, is used to go C. is used to go, is used to going D. used to go, is used to going 34.D 考查非谓语动词。句意:我爸爸过去常常乘公交车去他的工作场所,但是现在他习惯于骑自行车去那儿了。
分析句意可推知:我爸爸过去常常乘公交车,用used to表示;根据后半句句意:现在他习惯于骑自行车去那儿了,用is used to 表示。故选D。 (2019贵州铜仁)23. —Look。
There is a man ______ Taiji near the river. —Wow。 It’s my teacher, Mr Wu. A. perform B. performs C. performing D. performed 23.C考查非谓语动词。句意:——看。那有一个人正在河边打太极呢。——哇哦。那是我老师,吴老师。
本题考查There be +名词+V-ing+介词短语。
表示某地有某人正在做某事。故选C。 (2019 湖南邵阳)28.—How do you improve your spoken English? —By practicing ______ to my teachers and classmates. A. talking B. to talk C. talk 28.A 考查非谓语动词的用法。句意:——你是如何提高你的英语口语的?——通过练习和我的老师和同学说话。practice doing sth.为固定搭配,意为“练习做某事”。
故选A。 (2019四川广元)16. My teacher doesn’t allow us ________ in the classroom. A. eating B. to eat C. ate 16. B 考查非谓语动词。句意:老师不允许我们在教室内吃东西。allow sb. to do sth.允许某人做某事。故选B。 (2019甘肃兰州) are supposed ______ some housework with our parents when we have free time. A. to share B. sharing C. shared D. share 36. A 考查非谓语动词。句意:我们应在空闲时间帮父母分担些家务活。be supposed to do应该做,固定搭配。故答案选A。
(2019 广东)36. Young people are encouraged to work hard ______ their own dreams. A. achieve B. achieves C. to achieve D. achieved 36. C 考查动词不定式用法。
句意:年轻人被鼓励努力学习以便实现他们自己的梦想。由句意知,这里用动词不定式短语作目的状语。
故选C。 第 7 页 共 7 页 不定式初中试题。
小学生日记本, 延安小学, 人教版小学美术教案, 南昌八一中学, 阜宁县陈集中学,

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