2014中考真题解析---- 非谓语动词 不定式初中试题_教学资源|题库|学习文库-「普洱教育」



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2014中考真题解析---- 非谓语动词 不定式初中试题

教学资源|题库|学习文库-「普洱教育」来源: https://www.puerjy.cn 2020-02-12 10:03英语 336 ℃
不定式初中试题
(2014四川南允)32. She used to _______ a bus to school, but now she is used to _______ to school. A. taking; walk B. take; walk C. taking; walking D. take; walking D 【解析】考查非谓语动词辨析。句意:她过去常_______公共汽车去学校, 但是现在她习惯了________去学校。
used to do sth.则表示过去常常,to后跟原形动词。
而be/get used to doing sth.表示习惯于做某事或习惯于某事,to是介词,后面要跟名词、代词或动名词。故选D。
【2014四川遂宁】31. Dale use to to office in his car, but he is used to the bus now. A. going, taking B. going, take C. go, taking 31. C
【解析】考查非谓语动词。
句意为:戴尔过去开车去办公,但现在他习惯做公交车。use to do sth.过去常做某事;be used to doing sth.习惯做某事。
故选C。
【2014山东东营】25. People were excited when they saw “Monkey King” 2014 the Yellow River Estuary (入海口,河口) International Marathon. A. losing B. running C. refusing D. forgetting 25. B
【解析】考查的see sb doing sth的用法。
句意:当人们看到一个运动员扮演成“美猴王”参加2014黄河口(东营)国际马拉松赛竞赛,人们非常兴奋。马拉松说明是跑步。
故选B。 (2014年新疆阜康市、米泉市)( )33.—Mary was heard_______ just now. What happened? —John was telling a joke A. cry B. to cry C. laugh D. to laugh 33. B 考查动词不定式的用法。感官动词(feel, hear, see, watch等)和使役动词(make, let, have等)的宾语补足语都不带to,但是变为被动语态时要加上to。所以答案选B。 (2014天津)32. When you leave, please turn off the light_____ energy. A. save B. saving C. saved D. to save 32. D
【解析】考查非谓语动词用法。句意为:“当你离开时,关灯以便省能源。
”。注意原句中有谓语动词“please turn off ”,所以空中不能再填动词原形。
根据句意,此处应用动词不定式做目的状语。故选D。
【2014四川遂宁】24. —You look so tired. —My mother makes me playing the piano for 2 hours every day. A. practice B. to practice C. practicing 24. A
【解析】考查非谓语动词的用法。 句意“你看上去很疲劳。
”“我妈妈每天让我练习弹两个小时的钢琴。make sb. do sth让某人做某事。
故选A。 (2014贵州黔西南)20. Tom’s mother told him ______ eating too much meat. A. stopping B. to stop C. stops D. stopped 20. B
【解析】考查非谓语动词。
固定短语tell sb.(not) to do sth.“告诉某(别)做某事”,故答案为B。
【2014 湖北黄冈】42. —Grandpa has changed a lot. —So he has. He spends more time than he used to ________ games with the children. A. play B. playing C. played D. plays
【答案】B 考查非谓语动词用法 固定句型“spend +时间+(in)doing sth,句意:爷爷确实变化挺大 。他比过去花费更多的时间,用来和孩子们一起做游戏。故选D。
(2014广东省)43. In order ________ for the meeting, my sister forced herself to get up early this morning. A. not to be late B. not being late C. to be late D. being late 43. A
【解析】考查非谓语动词。句意:为了开会________,我妹妹强迫自己今天早晨早点起床。Not to be late不迟到,动词不定式;not being late动名词;to be late迟到,动词不定式;being late动名词。根据固定词组(in order to)及语境强迫自己早起,是为了不迟到。故选A。
【2014浙江金华】 your best __________ with your parents and they will understand you' decision. A. to talk B. talk C. to play D. play 24. A
【解析】考查非谓语动词的用法。
句意为:尽力和你的父母________,他们将理解你的决定。to talk谈话,不定式;talk谈话;to play玩,不定式;play玩。
根据try one’s best to do 可排除B和D;结合“understand you' decision”可知是谈话来理解。故选A。
(2014•四川绵阳)6. So far the exchange program has brought many foreigners to China ______Chinese. B. to study C. studying D. Studied 6. B
【解析】考查动词不定式作目的状语的用法。句意:目前交流项目已经把很多外国人带到了中国学习汉语。由句意可知,学习汉语是这些外国人到中国的目的。动词不定式可作目的状语。故答案为B。 (2014四川凉山)25. --- I haven’t seen my grandparents for long. I’m too busy ______ them these days. ---Why not call them instead? A. visit B. to visit C. visiting D. visit 25.B
【解析】考查非谓语动词。
。句意为“我很久没有去拜访我的外祖父母了,这些天我太忙了不能去看望他们。
为什么不去打电话给他们。”句型too…to...(太而不能)后接动词原形。故选B。 (2014山东莱芜)27. We often hear some students _____spoken English in the English corner. A. practiced B. practicing C. practice D. was practicing 27. C
【解析】考查非谓语动词的用法。句意为:我们常常听到学生_____引语口语在校园里。practiced过去式;practicing现在分词;practice 动词原形;was practicing 现在进行时态。hear sb. do sth. 表示听到经常性的动作;hear sb. doing sth.表示听到正在进行的动作。根据本句中的often,故选C。

【2014江苏扬州】13.一Some children can't afford________ necessary stationary. 一Let's donate our pocket money to them. A. buy B. buying C. to buy D. be bought 13.C
【解析】考查非谓语动词的用法。句意为:一些孩子买不起必要的文具。
让我们把零花钱捐给他们吧。动词afford后接另一动词时要用不定式形式:can’t afford to do sth表示没钱做某事,故答案为C 。

【2014江苏苏州】 driver wanted ____ his car near the roadside but was asked by the police not to. A. park B. parked C. to park D. parking 1.C
【解析】考查动词不定式作宾语。want to do sth意为:想要干某事。固定搭配,want 后接动词不定式作宾语。
故选C。
(2014湖南长沙)31.-It’s getting cold. Would you mind _____the window? -Of course not. A. closing B. to close C. closed 31. A
【解析】本题考查非谓语动词的用法。句意为:天变冷了。
你介意______窗户吗。当然不了。closing现在分词;to close不定式;closed过去式,形容词。 Would you mind doing sth.故选A。
(2014湖南邵阳)24. Li Jun always makes his little sister________. A. crying B. to cry C. cry 24. C
【解析】考查非谓语动词的用法。句意:李军一直使他的小妹妹哭。本题考查make的用法:“使某人干某事”用make sb do sth,故选C。

【2014 甘肃白银】42. Read the instructions before _________the new machine. A. use B. to use C. using D. used
【答案】C
【解析】考查非谓语动词的用法 介词before意思是“在„„之前”,后跟动词时,动词要+ing形式。
句意:在使用机器前,请读一下说明。
【2014四川泸州】9. Please remember ______ your notebook here tomorrow. A. brings B. brought C. bringing D. to bring 9. D。
【解析】考查非谓语动词的用法。句意为:请记住明天带你的笔记本来这儿。remember to do sth 记得去做某事,事还没做;remember doing sth 记得做过某事,事情已经做了。
这里是明天带笔记本,所以还没做,故选D。

【2014四川泸州】2. Thanks for ______ me with my science. A. help B. to help C. helping D. your help 2. C。
【解析】考查非谓语动词的用法。句意为:谢谢你帮我学自然。help作为动词,有help sb with sth用法;help作为名词则无后接sb with sth的用法,所以排除选项D;thanks for (doing) sth,for是介词,后加名词、代词、动名词,感谢某事的意思,此处for后加动名词helping的用法,所以选择C。
【2014四川广元】12. ——A storm is on the way. Don’t forget _________ the window when you go to sleep, Mike. ——I won’t, Mum. A. close B. closing C. to close 12.C
【解析】考查非谓语动词。句意为:暴风雨要来了,麦克,睡觉之前别忘了关窗户。
forget意为“忘记”,forget to do sth.意为“忘了做某事(没做)”; forget doing sth意为“忘记做过了某事(做了)”,由句意,叮嘱麦克关窗户,可见动作还没有发生,用动词不定式作宾语,故选C。
【2014四川广元】9. ——David, would you mind not _______ any noise? I’m studying. ——Sorry, Tom. A. making B. make C. to make 9.A
【解析】考查Would you mind„。句型。Would you mind (doing) sth.?意为“你介意(做)某事吗。”,Would you mind not doing sth.?意为“请你不要做某事好吗。”常用于委婉的提出建议。mind后跟动名词宾语,故选A。
【2014四川成都】38. Kate, remember ___________ for the sick to cheer them up. A. to sing B. not to sing C. singing 38. A
【解析】考查非谓语动词的用法。句意为:凯特,记得给那些病人_________加油打气。to sing不定式;not to sing否定不定式;singing分词。
remember (not) to do记得(不要)去做某事,remember doing 记得做某事。
根据句意可知要去唱歌。
故选A。
【2014山东临沂】16. Mike went to the library ______ some books yesterday. A. borrow B. to borrow C. borrows D. borrowed 16.B
【解析】考查不定式作目的状语。
题意:昨天迈克去图书馆借书了。分析句意可知:后用动词不定式作目的状语,选B。
【2014山东聊城】33. Jackie asked me _____ anything. A. not touch B. not touched C. not touching D. not to touch
【答案】D.
【解析】考查非谓语动词动词不定式的用法。
固定句型“ask sb (not)to do sth”,意思是“要求某人(不要)做某事”,其中不定式作动词asked的宾语补足语,根据句意“Jackie要求我不要乱摸东西”,所以选D。
【2014湖南益阳】25. —I want to go to Xiufeng Park. How can I get there? —______ there, just go along this street and turn left at the third crossing. A. To get B. Getting C. Get 25.A
【解析】考查非谓语动词的用法。根据句意“为了到达那里,只需要沿着这个街道走并在第三个十字路口向左拐”,故答案为A。

【2014江苏南京】5.—Simon, what do I need to take for the hiking? —You'd better ______ more water than usual. It's hot today. A. to take B. take C. taking D. took 5. B
【解析】考查固定搭配。句意为:你最好必平常多喝点水,今天热。had better相当与一个助动词,它的后面要跟动词原形,故选B。 (2014重庆)32. You’d better ______ Oliver about it. It’s secret. A. tell B. to tell C. not tell D. not to tell 32. C
【解析】考查非谓语动词用法。句意为:你最好不要告诉Oliver。这是秘密。
had better (not) do sth.最好做(不做)某事。根据secret可知选C。 (浙江杭州)20. Many fast food restaurants paint their walls red, play loud music and have hard seats customers eat quickly and leave. A. make B. to make C. made D. making 20. B
【解析】考查非谓语动词的用法。句意为:许多快餐店把墙漆成红色、播放响亮的音乐、座位是硬座,目的是让客人快吃快离开。
Make动词原形;to make动词不定式;made一般过去式,making现在分词。表示目的做目的状语的动词形式要用动词不定式,故选答案B。
(2014山东泰安)32. Granny often tells us water in our daily life. A. save B. saving C. to save D. saves 32.C
【解析】考查动词不定式。句意:奶奶经常告诉我们在日常生活中节约用水。save 节约,动词原形。saving现在分词形式;to save动词不定式形式; saves单数第三人称, tell sb. to do sth. 告诉某人做某事。是个固定用法,故选C。

【2014重庆】 little girl was crying because her mother didn’t allow her _______ the ice-cream. A. eat B. eats C. to eat D. ate 6. C
【解析】考查动词固定短语搭配。allow sb. to do sth.意为“允许某人做某事”,为固定短语结构,故选C。
【2014浙江宁波】, you should practice as often as you can ________the piano competition. A. fail B. to fail C. win D. to win 34. D
【解析】考查动词不定式的用法。句意:詹妮,为了在这次钢琴比赛中获胜,你应该尽可能地经常练习。根据句意应选D。

【2014山东烟台】26. You look tired. You'd better ___________ a good rest. to have B. stop having C. to stop to have D. to stop having 26. A
【解析】本题考查had better和stop的用法。句意为:你看起来累了。
你最好停下来休息。had better后接动词原形,意为“最好做某事”。stop doing sth.停止做某事;stop to do sth.停下来去做某事。故答案为A。

【2014山东烟台】30. —Would you mind not __________ noise? Alice is sleeping. 一Sorry. I didn’t know. I ___________ she was awake. A. make, think B. making, thought C. making, think D. make, thought 30. B
【解析】本题考查动词的用法和动词的时态。句意为:---你介意不要发出噪音吗。
爱丽斯正在睡觉。---抱歉,我不知道。
我原以为她醒着呢。mind介意,后接动名词作宾语,由此排出A和D;根据答语最后一句我原以为她是醒着的,可知空处应用think的过去式, thought,排出C,故答案为B. 不定式初中试题。

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