2018中考真题分类汇编精讲12 非谓语动词 不定式初中试题_教学资源|题库|学习文库-「普洱教育」



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2018中考真题分类汇编精讲12 非谓语动词 不定式初中试题

教学资源|题库|学习文库-「普洱教育」来源: https://www.puerjy.cn 2020-02-12 10:03初一 110 ℃
不定式初中试题
(2018·江苏淮安)15. He explained again and again in order to make what he did ________. A. understand B. understood C. to understand D. understanding 15.B考查非谓语动词。句意:他反复解释,为的是让人理解他的所作所为。动词make后跟过去分词作宾语补足语,意为―使……被……‖,宾语部分what he did和过去分词存在被动关系。故选B。 35. (2018. 贵州铜仁) —Listen。 Who is singing in the next room? ——It must be Sally. I often hear her ________ there. A. singing B. sings C. to sing D. sing 35.D 考查非谓语动词。句意:——听,水正在隔壁唱歌。——一定是萨利。我经常听见她在哪里唱歌。hear sb. do sth. 听见某人做某事,强调经常做或是做某事的过程;hear sb. doing sth. 听见某人正在做某事,强调动作正在发生,故选D。 39.(2018·广西柳州)Look. Sam is doing some _____ in the library. A. to read g 39.B
【解析】考查动词词组。句意:看,,Sam 正在图书馆读书。
考查短语do some reading。故选B。 27. (2018·新疆阜康米泉)—Do you still remember _______ this group of friends in 2013? —Yes. But I forget where I _______them. A. seeing;meet B. to see;met C. seeing;met D. seeing;meeting 27. C考查非谓语动词和宾语从句。
句意:—你还记得在2013年见过这群朋友吗。
—记得。但是我忘了在哪里遇见他们。
remember doing sth记得做过某事; remember to do sth记得去做某事。根据时间状语in 2013可知这是记得过去做过的事,故第一空用动名词seeing。
第二空根据主句谓语forgot是过去式,因此宾语从句也用一般过去时,故用met。故选C。 30. (2018·新疆阜康米泉)He often takes time_________ summer holiday with his grandparents. A. to spend B. spend C. spent D. spending 30. A考查非谓语动词。句意:他经常花时间和他的祖父母一起度过暑假。
take time to do sth.“花费时间做某事”。to do表示目的,故选A。 7. (2018·辽宁盘锦)Evans had a sore throat. His fiend advised him ______ some hot water. A. drinking B. to drink C. drink D. drank 7. B考查非谓语动词。句意:Evans咽喉痛。
他的朋友建议他喝些热水。advise sb. to do sth.意为“建议某人做某事”。故选B。 26. (2018•云南曲靖)When I saw my father _____ for me on a cold winter night. I couldn’t keep back my tears. A. wait B. waited C. to wait D. waiting 26.B 考查非谓语动词的用法。句意:当我看到我的父亲在一个寒冷的冬夜里等着我的时候。
我无法抑制住我的眼泪。
see sb. doing sth. 意为“看到某人正在做某事”;现在分词作宾语补足语。故选B。
33. (2018·云南)Our parents won’t allow us in the river alone. A. swim B. to swim C. swimming D. swam 33. B
【解析】考查非谓语动词。句意:我们的父母不允许我们在河里单独游泳。
根据标志词allow,可以判断本题考查allow sb to do sth,意为“允许某人干某事”。
故选B。
(2018▪甘肃兰州)33. Every morning, Tim often sees groups of middle-aged women in the square. A. dance B. to dance C. dincese 1 D. danced 33. A
【解析】考查非谓语动词。句意为“每天早上Tim经常看到一些中年妇女群体在广场上跳舞。”see sb. do sth.表示“看某人做某事”,为固定用法,故选“dance”。 5.(2018·黑龙江龙东) Tom, the umbrella with you. Look at the clouds, it’s going to rain。
A. taking B. takes C. take 5. C 考查祈使句。句意:汤姆,带把雨伞。看那云将要下雨了。这里的take放句首且无主语可知是祈使句,祈使句动词填原形。
故选C。 (2018▪甘肃兰州)36. Bob’s father can’t stand soap operas. He enjoys sports games on TV. A. watch B. to watch C. watching D. watched 36. C
【解析】考查非谓语动词。
句意为“Bob的爸爸不能忍受看肥皂剧。他喜欢在电视上看体育比赛。
”stand意为“容忍;忍受”时,其后跟v.-ing形式,故选“watching”。 35. (2018·广西百色)–Tom, why have you decided ________ Chinese folk music as a course? --Because I like Chinese culture very much. A. take B. taken C. to take D. taking 35. C 考查非谓语动词。
句意:--汤姆,为什么你决定选择中国民间音乐作为一门功课。--因为我非常喜欢中国文化。
根据固定搭配decide to do sth.(觉得做某事)可知选C。 (2018·广西北部湾)39 Our teacher often tells us in the river. It's dangerous. A. not swim B. not to swim C. to swim D. swimming 39. B 考查非谓语动词。
句意:我们的老师经常告诉我们不要在河里游泳。这是危险的。
由It's dangerous.很危险可以看出我们的老师叫我们不要去河里游泳,tell sb. (not) to do sth.告诉某人(不)做某事。故答案选B。 33.(2018·广西梧州) Jim went to the library ______ some science magazines yesterday. A. borrow B. borrows C. to borrow D. borrowed 33. C考查非谓语动词。横线上的词表示去图书馆的目的,所以用动词不定式作目的状语。
故选C。 41. (2018·贵州贵阳)Chinese parents always try their best a good education environment for their kids. A. provide B. to provide C. providing 41. B考查非谓语动词。句意:中国的父母总是尽他们最大的努力为他们的孩子提供一个好的教育环境。try one’s best to do―尽力做某事‖,动词不定式作目的状语,故选B。 21. (2018 • 吉林长春) I go to my grandparents’ home ________ with their housework every Sunday. A. help B. helped C. to help D. helping 21. C 考查非谓语动词。句意:每个星期天我都去祖母家里帮忙做家务。该句考查动词不定式短语作目的状语。故选C。
(2018·青海) 37. This afternoon we’re going to have an English class, remember ______ your book. A. to finish B. to bring C. bringing 37. B
【解析】考查非谓语动词的用法和动词的词义辨析。句意:今天下午我们打算上英语课。记住把你们的书带来。
remember to do sth.意为“记住去做某事(还没做)”; remember doing sth.意为“记得做过某事(已做过)”。
根据“are going to have”可知这里表示提醒去做某事, 2 故排除选项C。finish意为“完成”;bring“带来”。
故用to bring。故选B。 4. (2018·黑龙江绥化)Would you mind ______ down the music? It’s too noisy. A. to turn B. turning C. turn 4. B 考查动词非谓语形式。句意:你介意关掉音乐吗。太吵了。考查短语mind doing sth,故选B。
7. (2018·黑龙江绥化)People are supposed ________ hands when they meet for the first time in America. A. shaking B. to shake C. shake 7.B 考查动词非谓语形式。句意:在美国当人们第一次见面时应该握手。be supposed to do sth应该做某事,故选B。
10. (2018·黑龙江绥化)My mother doesn’t allow me ______ outside too late on school nights. A. to stay B. stay C. staying 10.A 考查动词非谓语形式。
句意:在上学日子的晚上妈妈不允许我在外面呆太久。allow sb. to do sth.动词定式作宾语补足语,故选A. 19. (2018·黑龙江绥化)Nowadays, most people prefer to ______ computer games rather than_______ books. A. play; reading B. play; read C. playing; reading 19.B考查动词非谓语形式。
句意:当今大部分人喜欢电脑游戏胜过读书。prefer to do .rather than. 相对于„„更喜欢„„。结合句意可知选B。
42. (2018·广东省)After long years of war, many people in Syria are homeless. I think it important a peaceful world. A. build B. not build C. to build D. not to build 42. C考查非谓语动词。
句意:经过数年长时间的战争,许多的叙利亚人失去家园。我认为建立一个和平的世界非常重要。本题中,it为形式宾语,不定式to build…作真正的宾语。故选C。 37.(2018·海南中考) The policeman warned the man______ after drinking. A. not to drive B. to drive C. driving 37. A
【解析】考查固定搭配。
warn sb. (not)to do sth.―警告某人(不要)做某事‖。
根据常识酒后不能驾驶,所以此处应该是warn sb. not to do sth. 结构。故选A。
33. (2018•贵州黔南)Parents should always tell their kids ________ with strangers. A. not to talk B. not talking C. to not talk D. not talk 33. A
【解析】考查非谓语动词的用法。句意:父母应该经常告诉孩子们不要和陌生人谈话。
tell sb. not to do告诉某人不做某事,故选A. 25. (2018•贵州黔南)Please stop________ and go out for a walk. Remember ________ warm clothes. A. to study; wearing B. studying; to wear C. to study; to wear D. studying; wearing 25. B
【解析】考查非谓语动词的用法。句意:别学习了,去外面散一下步吧,记得穿上暖和的衣服。stop doing sth.停止正在做的事情;stop to do sth.停止去做另一件事情;remember doing sth记得已经做过的事情;remember to do sth.记得去做某事。根据句意可知选B. 37. (2018•广西贵港中考)—Sam, don’t forget the book to the library tomorrow. 3 —OK, I won’t. A. return B. returning C. returned return 37. D
【解析】考查非谓语动词辨析。
句意:——山姆,不要忘记明天把书还给图书馆——好的,我不会忘记的。由答语中―I won’t‖意为我不会忘记的,可知书未还,所以用固定搭配forget to do sth.忘记去做某事。故选D。 5. (2018·黑龙江齐齐哈尔) We set up this group ______ disabled people like Ben Smith. A. help B. to help C. helping 5. B 考查非谓语动词的用法。句意:我们建立这个组织是为了帮助像Ben Smith一样的残疾人。此处用动词不定式表目的。故选B。
33. (2018• 湖北咸宁)— Would you like to go swimming with me, Tom。 — Sorry, but our teachers always tell us ________ in the river. A. don’t swim B. not swimming C. not to swim D. to not swim 33. C考查非谓语动词。句意:——汤姆,你愿意我一起去游泳吗。——对不起,但是我们老师经常告诉我们不要到河里游泳。这里考查:tell sb. not to do sth.结构,意为―告诉某人不要做某事‖。
故选C。 32. (2018·湖南湘西) —Can you come to my birthday party tonight? —Yes, I’d love to. But I have to finish _____my English homework first. A. doing B. to do C. does 32. A
【解析】考查非谓语动词用法。
句意:——今晚你能参加我的生日聚会吗。
——是的,我乐意去。
但我首先要完成我的英语作业。finish doing sth完成某事,finish后跟动名词作宾语。
故选A。 39. (2018•上海中考)Mr. Zhou is good at cooking and he has decided______his own restaurant. open D. opening 39. C
【解析】考查不定式的用法。
句意:周先生很擅长烹饪,他决定开自己的餐馆。动词decide后面接不定式充当其宾语。 41.(2018•上海中考) Sue practises______the violin hard and often gives wonderful performances. play g 41. D
【解析】考查动词-ing的用法。句意:苏用功地练习拉小提琴,并且经常作出精彩的表演。
动词practise后面接动词的-ing形式充当宾语。 (2018·湖南怀化)’s necessary for us_______ English well. A. to learn B. learning C. learn 29.A
【解析】考查不定式的用法辨析。句意为: 学好英语对我们来说是必要的。It’s +形容词+for/of sb.+ to do sth.意为―做某事是……‖。
其中it作形式主语,真正的主语是to do…。结合选项可知A项符合。故选A。 37. (2018·湖北襄阳)The traffic is terribly busy in the morning. You’d better avoid ________in the center of the city. A. drive B. driving C. to drive D. driven 37. B考查非谓语动词用法。在早上,交通相当拥堵。
你最好避免在城中心开车。avoid doing ―避免做……‖故选B。 34. (2018•河南中考) —Excuse me. Do you know _______? 4 —Sorry, I don’t know, either. A. how to check out a book B. when will the concert begin C. that there is a bank near here D. how long the meeting would last 34. A
【解析】考查不定式和疑问词搭配。句意:——打扰了。你知道如何检查一本书吗。——对不起,我也不知道。
B项宾语从句应为陈述句语序;C项连接词错误;D项从句时态错误;A项中―特殊疑问词+不定式‖意为―怎么……‖,在句中做宾语,故选A。 44. (2018·湖南湘西) —Molly has changed so much。 She _____be shy and quiet. —Year. But now she _____speaking in front of class. A. used to; is used to B. is used to; used to C. used to; used to 44. A
【解析】考查非谓语动词。
句意:——茉莉已经改变了很多。她过去害羞且文静。
——是的。但现在她习惯在班级面前演讲了。分析句意可推知:她过去很害羞,用used to表示;第二空后跟speaking可推知:现在她习惯于在班级面前演讲了,用is used to 表示。故选A。
26. (2018·湖南岳阳) They asked their son the bed last weekend. A. to make B. making C. made 26. A考查非谓语动词的用法。句意:他们上一个周末要求儿子自己铺床。ask sb. to do sth.―要求某人做某事‖,其中的动词不定式作宾语补足语。故选A。
(2018江苏扬州)5. — Mr Wu has recommended many books. Have you decided ______ first。 — Yes. The Little Prince. A. how to read B. which to read C. when to read D. where to read 5.B 考查―特殊疑问词+动词不定式‖的结构。
句意:—吴先生已经推荐了许多书。你已经决定先看哪一本了吗。—是的。
《小王子》。此题考查―特殊疑问词+动词不定式‖在句中作宾语,前文many books提示用which和动词不定式连用,表示―读哪一本‖,which作动词read的宾语。故选B。
(2018·新疆)32. —Let’s _______ to the movies。 —I’m sorry. I must _______ my homework first. A. going; do B. go; doing C. go; do D. going; doing 32. C 考查非谓语动词。
let sb. do sth.让某人做某事,后跟不带to的动词不定式,即动词原形;情态动词must后跟动词原形。
故选C。
38.(2018·广西桂林)It often takes me two hours ______ my homework in the evening. A. do B. doing C. to do 38. C考查非谓语动词。句意:晚上我经常花费两小时做作业。
It takes sb. some time to do sth.为固定结构,表―做某事花费某人多长时间‖,其中it为形式主语,动词不定式为真正的主语。
故选C。 (2018·广西河池) 37. —Could I go swimming with my friend, dad? 一No, it’s very dangerous for you kids _________ swimming without adults. A. go B. going C. to go D. went 37. C
【解析】考查非谓语动词的用法。句意:——爸爸,我可以和我的朋友去游泳吗。—— 5 不可以。对你们孩子来说,在没有大人的看护下,去游泳是危险的。
固定用法:It’s +形容词+ for sb. to do sth.意为―对某人来说做某事是……的‖,其中动词不定式to do sth.作句子真正的主语。故选C。 27. (2018. 贵州安顺)—You should do what you can your English, Li Ming. — OK, I will. Thank you, Ms. Hu. A. improve B. to improve C. improving D. improved 27. B. 考查非谓语动词。
句意: 李明,你应该尽你所能来提高你的英语水平。不定式to improve短语部分作目的状语,故选B。 30. (2018. 贵州安顺)—Tom, have you ever read the book《A Tale of Two Cities》_______by Charles Dickens ? —Yes , I finished reading it last winter vocation. A. wrote B. to write C. writing D. written 30. D. 考查非谓语动词。句意:汤姆,你读过由查尔斯·狄更斯写的这本书《双城记》吗?,根据句意,可知答案。分词短语部分作定语修饰the book《A Tale of Two Cities》,故选D。 (2018·甘肃天水) order for the competition, my sister forced herself to get up early this morning. to be late being late be late late 37. A
【解析】考查非谓语动词的用法。句意:为了比赛不迟到,我的姐姐强迫她自己今天早上很早就起床了。
in order to 意为―为了‖,其后跟动词原形表示目的,其否定形式为:in order not to do sth.意为―为了不做某事‖。根据句意故选A。
(2018·甘肃天水)44.—You look worried. You’d better your problem with others. —Oh, yes. a problem is like cutting it in half. , Sharing g, To share share, To share , Shared 44. A
【解析】考查非谓语动词的用法。句意:——你看起来很担心。你最好和其他人分享你的问题。——哦,是的。
分享一个问题就像把它切成两半。习惯用法:had better do sth.最好做某事,第二空是动名词作主语。
故选A。 (2018·甘肃天水) took us one week this article by Mo Yan. , written read, written g, to write read, to write 47. B
【解析】考查非谓语动词的用法。
句意:我们花费了一个星期的时间才阅读这个由莫言创作的作品。
固定用法:It takes sb. some time to do sth. 意为―某人花费一些时间做某事‖。
故第一个空格用不定式to read作真正的主语,句中it是形式主语;第二个空格用过去分词written作定语,修饰名词article,表示被动。故选B。
29.(2018·四川达州)—I’d love to go hiking with you,but I have much homework ______. —If you don’t go,______. do;so do I do;nor will I ;so will I ;neither am I 6 29.B 考查非谓语动词和倒装句的用法。have sth. to do有某事要做,故第一个空填 to do;第二个空考查倒装句的用法。neither/nor+助动词/系动词be/情态动词+主语表示与上文中所述否定情况相同。故选B 33.(2018·四川达州)—Jack,remember ______ off the lights when ______ your bedroom. —OK,I won’t forget,Mom. g;leaving turn;leave g;left turn;leaving 33.D 考查非谓语动词和时态的用法。
句意:——杰克,离开卧室的时候记得把灯关掉。——好的。
我不会忘的,妈妈。remember to do sth.记住要去做某事(未做);根据句意可知,杰克还没有离开,所以关灯这件事还没有做。
第一句的后半句是时间状语从句,Jack与leave之间是主动关系,要用现在分词表伴随,故选D。 28. (2018·四川南充)—Have you ever read the traditional story Yu Gong Moves A Mountain? —Yes, our teacher often advises or more meaningful traditional books. A. reading B. reads C. read D. to read 28. D考查非谓语动词的用法。
句意:—你曾读过传统小说《愚公移山》。—是的,我们老师经常建议我们读更有意义的传统小说。advice sb. to do sth.意为―建议某人做某事‖。故选D。
27. (2018·重庆A)It was raining. My father asked me_________ raincoat. A. take B. takes C. took D. to take 27. D考查非谓语动词的用法。句意:下雨了,爸爸让我带上雨衣。
ask sb. to do sth.“要求某人做某事”,其中的动词不定式作宾语补足语。故选D。 (2018·湖南益阳)23. It’s very dangerous for us _____ the mobile phone while crossing the street. A. answering B. to answer C. answer 23. B 考查非谓语动词。句意:对于我们来说,在过马路时接打手机非常危险。
本句为固定句式‖It is adj. for sb. to do sth. ”,it作形式主语指代下文动词不定式,故选B。 6. (2018·南京) Some people enjoy ________ out their messages in bottles when they travel on the sea. A. to send B. send C. sending D. sent 6. C 考查非谓语动词。
句意:一些人喜欢在海边旅游的时候用漂流瓶送出信息。此处用到固定短语enjoy doing sth.表示“喜欢做某事”。
故选C。 (2018·山东临沂) 23. I didn’t see you ______ in. You must have been very quiet. A. comes B. to come C. come D. have come 23. C 考查非谓语动词。句意:我没有看见你进来,你一定是悄悄地进来的。
本题考查see sb. do sth. 意为―看见了某人做某事‖。
故选C。 32.(2018四川成都中考)I got up early this morning________my grandma at the airport. A. to pick up B. picking up C. picked up 7 32. A 此题考查非谓语动词的用法。
前面的got已经是谓语动词,所以后面应该用非谓语;并且此句话应该表目的,所以用to do形式。 29.(2018·四川德阳) —What are you going to do tonight? —I plan Days of Our Past. A. watch B. watching C. to watch D. watched 29. C 考查动词的非谓语形式。句意:——你打算今晚干什么。——我计划去看《我们逝去的日子》,动词plan后跟动词不定式作宾语,plan to do sth意为“计划去做某事”,故答案选C。 27. (2018·四川乐山)— Julia, your mobile phone is ringing. — Wait a minute. It’s dangerous ______ it while crossing the street. A. answering B. answer C. to answer 27. C 考查非谓语动词的用法。句意:— 茱莉亚,你的手机响了。
— 等一下。过马路时接电话很危险的。It’s + adj. + to do sth意为“做某事怎么样”,是固定句型,其中的it是形式主语,真实主语是后面的动词不定式短语,故选C。 29. (2018·四川宜宾中考)We all look forward to _______ you again soon. A. see B. seeing C. seen 29. B 考查非谓语动词。
look forward to 中的to是介词,后面用动名词作宾语。
32. (2018·天津)Harry invited me________ with him when his parents were out of town. A. stay B. stayed C. staying D. to stay 32. D
【解析】考查非谓语动词的用法。
句意:哈利邀请我在他父母亲不在镇上的时候去陪他待着。invite sb. to do是固定结构,意为“邀请某人做某事”,所以选用to stay。故选D。 29. (2018·湖北孝感) Attention, please。 Without permission, children are not allowed___________ alone here. A. to swim B. swimming C. swim D. swam 29.A 考查非谓语动词。关于allow的用法主要有:allow sb. to do sth. 或是be allowed sb. to do sth.,句中用的是allow的被动形式,需要用to swim,意为:被允许去游泳。
因此答案选A。 24. (2018·湖南郴州)—You can only keep the books for two weeks, Tom. Remember ________ them on time. —I will. A. return B. returning C. to return 24. C 考查非谓语动词。句意:汤姆,这些书你可以借两个星期,记得及时归还。Remember to do sth.记得去做某事(事情还没去做);remember doing sth.记得做过某事(所做事情已完成)。根语境句间意可知,书还没还。用不定式。故选C。 8 (2018·湖南邵阳)25. Remember ______ some fruit when you come back. A. buying B. to buy C. buy 25. B
【解析】考查动词不定式。Remember to do sth. 意为“记得去做某事”;句意:你回来时,记得买些水果。
故选B。 21.(2018·湖南长沙)—The weather report says it's going to have a shower this afternoon. —It does? We'd better ____ now, just in case. A. to leave B. leaving C. leave 21.C 考查非谓语动词。句意:天气预报说今天下午会下阵雨。
它说了吗。为了以防万一,我们最好现在离开。had better 后接动词原形,故选C。 5. (2018·江苏泰州) Amazing China(《厉害了,我的国》)wins high praise from the public. I think the documentary is well worth ______. A. watch B. to watch C. watching D. watched 5. C 考查非谓语动词。
句意:《厉害了,我的国》从公众那儿赢得了很高的评价,我认为这部纪录片很值得一看。表示“某事值得做”,应用be worth doing。
故选C。 (2018·甘肃武威)9. My two cousins decide __________ a business together. A. to start B. starting C. start D. started 9. A考查非谓语动词。
句意:我的两个表弟决定一起做生意。固定用法decide to do sth.,决定做某事。
故选A。 27. (2018·湖南永州中考) Don’t forget the windows before you leave. close B. closing C. closed 27. A
【解析】考查非谓语动词。
句意:离开前别忘了关窗户。forget to do sth.表示“忘记去做某事”,事情尚未发生;forget doing sth.表示“忘记做过某事”,事情已经发生,只是忘记了。故选A。 9 不定式初中试题。

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