初二英语动词不定式用法小结与练习试题 不定式初中试题_教学资源|题库|学习文库-「普洱教育」



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初二英语动词不定式用法小结与练习试题 不定式初中试题

教学资源|题库|学习文库-「普洱教育」来源: https://www.puerjy.cn 2020-02-12 10:03初二 702 ℃
不定式初中试题
. .. . .. 初二英语动词不定式用法小结 动词不定式是动词的一种特殊形式, 它没有人称和数的变化,在句子中不能做谓语;它由 “to+动词原形”构成,其否定形式是“not to+ 动词原形”. 在句子中可作主语、表语、宾语、宾语补足语、定语和状语等句子成分。为使同学们更好地掌握其用法,现总结如下: 一、动词不定式作主语 动词不定式作主语,例如 To think of the animals in danger is sad .为避免句子的头重脚轻,常用it作为形式主语,而真正的主语动词不定式后置,如It is sad to think of the animals in danger . 常用句型:It +be+adj./n to do sth./It takes sb. some time to do sth. 二、动词不定式作宾语 一些动词,如want, decide, hope, ask, agree, choose, learn, plan, need, teach, prepare,等,常接动词不定式作宾语。 应注意有些动词后面可接不定式作宾语,也可接动名词作宾语,但所表达的意义不同。常见的有:

(1)stop to do sth.停下来去做另一件事;stop doing sth. .停止正在做的事

(2)try to do sth. 尽力做某事;try doing sth.尝试做某事

(3)remember/forget to do sth.记住/忘记去做某事;remember/forget doing sth. 记得/忘记做过某事。下列动词(enjoy finish keep mind practice spend advise suggest allow)后面不能用不定式,用动名词作宾语 三、动词不定式作宾语补足语 有些动词,如tell, ask, want, invite, teach, like, call等可接带to的动词不定式作宾语补足语,构成tell/ask/want /call/invite sb. to do sth.结构。而表示使役动词和感官动词后面的宾语补足语时应省去to,(在被动语态中应加上to)。
这些动词可归纳为“一感(feel),二听(listen to, hear),三让(let, make, have,,四看(look at, see, watch, notice),半帮助(help)(即在动词help后学习参考 . .. . .. 面作宾语补足语时,to可有可无)”。 四、动词不定式作状语 动词不定式作状语主要用来修饰动词,表示目的they did lots of work to save the candas等。
,表结果,常用结构有too + adj./adv. + to do sth. adj./ + to do sth,表原因be +形容词+ to do sth 如 I am surprised to hear the news.为了强调目的,有时可以把动词不定式放在句首,或在不定式前加in order或so as to。 五、动词不定式作后置定语时,与被修饰的名词逻辑上有动宾关系。如果动词不定式是不及物动词时,则要带上与之搭配的介词,构成及物动词短语。动词不定式作后置定语常用于“have/has +某事+to do”(some words to say, nothing to do,enough place to live)“It’s time to do sth.”等结构中。
六、特殊疑问词+不定式 特殊疑问词what when why how where 等可以和不定式连用在句子做各种成分。如How to use compurers is a problem. I can`t decide when to do it . 动词不定式专项训练题: 一、单项选择。 1. _______ is difficult to work out the maths problem. A. This B. That C. It D. Its 2. We decided _______ at the end of this month. A. travel B. not start out C. to leave D. going 3. They have no paper_______. A. to write 学习参考 B. to write with C. write on D .to write on . .. . .. 4. Let him _______ a rest. I think he must be tired after the long walk. A. has B. have C. to have D. having 5. _______the computer is a problem. A. How to use B. What to use C. Where to use D. Which to use 6. The teacher told us _______in bed. A. don’t read B. read not C. to not read D. not to read 7. The old man was _______angry _______ say a word. A. so, that B. as, as C. too, to D. very, to 8. Why _______home tomorrow? A. not go B. not going C. not to go D. didn’t go 9. The TV set is too loud. Will you please _______? A. turn down it B. turn it down C. to turn it down D. to turn down it 10. It’s cold outside. You had better _______ your coat. A. to put on B. putting on C. puts on D. put on 二、用所给动词的正确形式填空。
1. It took half an hour _______(get) to the World Park from Kitty’s school. 2. It was interesting _______(see) so many places of interest from all over the world. 3. They want _______(save) time by using shorter words and phrases. 4. Kitty’s classmate, Daniel, taught himself how _______(make) a home page. 5. I`m glad ________(see) you in Beijing 6. He put his photos on it for everyone _______(look) at. 学习参考 . .. . .. 7. Help him _______(put) the photos in the correct order. 8. He made the girl _______(cry) yesterday. 9. It’s time for class. Please stop _______(talk). 10. I’d like _______(go) to the Temple of Heaven. 宁可累死路在上,也不闲能死在里家。宁可去壁碰,也不能壁面。是狼就练要好牙,是就羊要练腿好。
什么是斗奋。奋斗就每是天难很,可一年年一却越越来容易。
不斗奋就每是天都容很易,可一一年年来越越难。
能的干人,不在绪情上计较,只做在事认上真;无能人的。不在做上事认真,只情在绪上较计。拼一个夏春秋冬。赢个一无人悔生。早安。—————献给所有努的力人 学习参考 不定式初中试题。

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