2019年中考英语真题分类汇编题型1单项选择专项训练十一非谓语动词(含解析) 不定式初中试题_教学资源|题库|学习文库-「普洱教育」

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2019年中考英语真题分类汇编题型1单项选择专项训练十一非谓语动词(含解析) 不定式初中试题

教学资源|题库|学习文库-「普洱教育」来源: https://www.puerjy.cn 2020-02-12 10:02语文 289736 ℃
专项训练十一 非谓语动词 时间:0.5~1分钟/小题 分值:1分/小题 ( )1. (2018上海)After she finished ________ the story, Alice wrote a review for her school newspaper. A. read B. reads C. to read D. reading ( )2. (2018上海)I can't tell you what she said. I've promised________ it a secret. A. keep B. to keep C. keeping D. kept ( )3. (2018天津)I wanted to see the Beijing Opera, so Lingling offered ________ me to watch an opera. A. took B. takes C. to take D. taking ( )4. (2018重庆A卷)You should ask Bob________ his own clothes. He is ten years old now. A. wash B. washes C. washing D. to wash ( )5. (2018重庆B卷)Taiji is my favourite and I often play it ________ healthy. A. to keep B. keeps C. keeping D. kept ( )6. (2018河南)The boss asked Tim to go and ________ out if there was anyone else absent. A. find B. finding C. to find D. found ( )7. (2018广东)Leonardo DiCaprio, a famous American actor, was always expecting ________ an Oscar and finally he made it. A. to win B. winning C. not to win D. not winning ( )8. (2018南京)—Have you read the book Jane Eyre? —Yes. It's a famous book and really worth ________. A. to read B. reading C. to be read D. read ( )9. (2018兰州)The fridge doesn't work. Why not consider ________ a new one? A. buy B. bought C. to buy D. buying ( )10. (2018兰州)—Are you going swimming this afternoon? —I'd rather ________ with you. A. to go shopping B. go shoping C. to go shoping D. go shopping ( )11. (2018长沙)—Jane's spoken English is pretty good. —Yeah, she works hard and practices ________ it both in and out of class. A. spoke B. to speak C. speaking ( )12. (2018呼和浩特)—I tried to make Alice ________ her mind but I found it difficult. —Well, I saw you ________ that when I went past. A. changed; do B. changes; doing C. change; to do D. change; doing ( )13. (2018苏州)Our teacher often advises us ________ the habit of making notes while reading. A. to develop B. develop C. to developing D. developing ( )14. (2018南充)My parents don't allow me ________ late. A. stay up B. to stay up C. stays up D. staying up ( )15. (2018青岛)We have worked so long. Shall we stop ________ a rest? A. have B. to having C. having D. to have ( )16. (2018临沂)These people dress themselves in bloody shark suits. They tell people ________ shark fins in order to protect sharks. A. eat B. to eat C. not eat D. not to eat ( )17. (2018十堰)Two disabled men from Hebei Province (one is blind and the other has no arms) have spent over ten years ________ trees together. A. plant B. plants C. planting D. planted ( )18. (2018邵阳)She said she hoped________ her daughter. A. to see B. you to see C. seeing ( )19. (2018黄石)Mount Xiaolei is not far away from here, but it will still take us a few hours ________ there by bike. A. getting B. to get C. got D. get ( )20. (2018郴州)—Why are you so excited? —Nancy invited me ________ on a trip to Dongjiang Lake just now. A. to go B. go C. going ( )21. (2018宜宾)It's getting dark. You'd better________ out by yourself. It's dangerous. A. not go B. not to go C. to go ( )22. (2018阜新)A lot of students enjoy ________ with each other to solve the problems in class. A. discuss B. discussing C. to discuss D. discussed ( )23. (2018眉山)He realized that Americans can hardly avoid ________ products made in China. A. to buy B. buy C. buying D. bought ( )24. (2018天水)There was so much noise outside that the teacher couldn't make herself ________. A. hear B. heard C. to hear D. hearing ( )25. (2018内江)Bad luck。 The film star had her leg ________ while playing a part in a film. A. to break B. breaking C. break D. broken ( )26. (2018乐山)Tom, please remember ________ the lights when you leave. A. turn off B. turning off C. to turn off ( )27. (2018荆门)—Would you like to go swimming in the river, John? —Swim? Sorry, our teachers always tell us ________ in the river alone. A. don't swim B. to not swim C. not swimming D. not to swim ( )28. (2018徐州)David said that the glass was broken and warned me ________ it. A. don't touch B. to not touch C. not to touch D. no touching ( )29. (2018镇江)Our country encourages more students ________ football. Now many football clubs have been set up in schools. A. play B. playing C. to play D. will play ( )30. (2018攀枝花)Tom has decided ________ a part­time job after he graduates from school. A.do B. to do C. did D.doing ( )31. (2018株洲)The Chinese team are working hard ________ honors in the 2018 Olympic Games. A. to win B. win C. winning ( )32. (2018咸宁)—What does the sign mean? —It tells us ________ in pubilc. A. didn't smoke B. don't smoke C. not to smoke D. not smoke ( )33. (2018天水)The man drew a series of pictures about WeChat ________ how to use this software. A. to show B. showed C. shows D. to showing ( )34. (2018荆门)—My uncle is against wasting anything. —No wonder he would rather ________ the old bike than ________ a new one. A. repair; to buy B. to repair; buy C. repair; buy D. to repair; to buy ( )35. (2018齐齐哈尔)After dinner, he used to ________ computer games, but now he gets used to ________. A. play, walk B. playing, walking C. play, walking ( )36. (2018齐齐哈尔)We feel like ________ some food and drink because we'll invite some friends________ in a party. A. buying, to join B. to buy, joining C. buying, join ( )37. (2018巴中)Tina is busy ________ at school, but she never forgets ________ her mother every day. A. work; to call B. working; to call C. working; calling ( )38. (2018来宾)It is necessary for us students ________ the listening ability. A. to improve B. improving C. improve D. improves ( )39. (2018绥化)It's our duty ________ our hometown clean and beautiful. We must do something for it. A. keeping B. keeps C.to keep 专项训练十一非谓语动词 1. D
【解析】考查动名词。句意:爱丽丝读完这个故事后,她为校报写了一个评论。finish doing sth.结束做某事,固定搭配,故选D。 2. B
我已经发誓保守秘密。promise to do sth.许诺做某事,故选B。 3. C
offer to do sth.主动提出做某事,固定结构,故选C。 4. D
【解析】考查动词不定式。句意:你应该要求鲍勃洗他自己的衣服。他现在十岁了。ask sb. to do sth.要求某人做某事,故选D。
5. A
6. A
7. A
【解析】考查动词不定式。句意:莱昂纳多·迪卡普里奥, 一位著名的美国演员,总是期望获得奥斯卡金奖,最后他做到了。 expect (not)to do sth.期望(不)做某事。根据语境应该是期望获得奥斯卡金奖。故选A。 8. B
”be worth doing sth.意为“值得做某事”。故选B。 9. D
句意:这个冰箱不运行了,为什么不考虑买一台新的呢。consider doing sth.考虑做某事,故选D。 10. D
”“我宁愿和你去购物。”would rather do sth.宁愿做某事。shop的ing形式应该双写p。故选D。
11. C
”“是的,她学得很努力并且在课内外都练习说英语。”practice doing sth.练习做某事。
故选C。 12. D
【解析】考查省略to的动词不定式及现在分词。句意“我努力让爱丽丝改变她的主意,但是我发现这是困难的。”“是的,当我走过的时候我看见你正在做。”make sb. do sth.使某人做某事,排除A、B两项;see sb. doing看见某人在做某事,表示动作正在进行。故选D。
13. A
【解析】考查动词不定式。句意:我们老师经常建议我们培养读书时记笔记的习惯。advise sb. to do sth.表示“建议某人做某事”。故选A。 14. B
根据固定搭配“allow sb. to do sth.允许某人做某事”可知用不定式。故选B。
15. D
【解析】考查动词不定式。句意:我们已经工作这么久了。我们停下来休息一下好吗。根据前半句“We have worked so long”可知表示停下工作去休息。stop to do sth.停下来去做某事。故选D。
16. D
句意:这些人穿着血腥的鲨鱼服。他们告诉人们为了保护鲨鱼不要吃鱼翅。tell sb. (not) to do sth.为固定搭配,意为“告诉某人(不要)做某事”。根据语境可知不要吃鱼翅。故选D。 17. C
句意:两个来自河北省的残疾人(一个是盲人,另一个没有双臂)花了十年多时间一起种树。sb. spend some time (in) doing sth.表示“某人花费一段时间做某事”,故选C。 18. A
【解析】考查动词不定式。句意:她说她希望见她的女儿。hope to do sth. 希望做某事。
19. B
【解析】考查动词不定式。句意:小雷山离这里不远,但骑自行车到那里仍然要花费我们几个小时的时间。固定句式it takes /took +sb. +时间+to do sth.,做某事花费某人时间,后跟动词不定式作句子的真正主语,故选B。
20. A
【解析】考查动词不定式。句意“你为什么如此兴奋。”“刚才南希邀请我去东江湖旅行。”invite sb. to do sth. 意为“邀请某人做某事”,故选A。
21. A
had better not do sth.最好不做某事。故选A。 22. B
enjoy doing sth.表示“喜欢做某事”,故选B。 23. C
句意:他意识到美国人几乎不能避免购买中国制造的产品。avoid doing sth.意为“避免做某事”,故选C。
24. B
【解析】考查过去分词。句意:外面的噪音太大了以至于老师无法让自己的声音被听到。make+sb.+done,表示“使某人被……”,根据语境及选项可知是使自己被听到,用过去分词heard。故选B。 25. D
根据语境可知,腿是被弄伤的。have +sth. +done,意为“某物被……”,故选D。 26. C
句意:汤姆,当你离开时,请记得关灯。remember to do sth.记住要去做某事(未做);remember doing sth.记得做过某事(已做)。
故选C。 27. D
对不起,我们的老师总是告诉我们不要独自到河里游泳。”根据常识可知,老师总是告诉我们不要独自去河里游泳。tell do sth.告诉某人去做某事,其否定形式为tell sb. not to do sth.。故选D。 28. C
句意:大卫说玻璃碎了,告诫我不要碰它。warn sb.(not) to do sth.意为“告诫/警告某人(不要)做某事”,根据句意可知他告诫我不要触摸碎了的玻璃,故选C。 29. C
【解析】考查动词不定式。句意:我们国家鼓励更多的学生踢足球。现在很多足球俱乐部已经在学校被建立起来。encourage sb. to do sth.鼓励某人做某事,故选C。
30. B
【解析】考查动词不定式。句意:汤姆决定在毕业后做一份兼职工作。decide to do sth. 决定做某事。故选B。
31. A
动词不定式在句中作目的状语,表示“为了”。故选A。 32. C
句意“这个标志的意思是什么。”“它告诉我们在公共场合不要吸烟。”tell sb. (not) to do sth.告诉某人(不要)做某事。
题中图标意为“禁止吸烟”,故选C。 33. A
根据句意可知需用to show作目的状语,故选A。 34. C
”“难怪他宁愿修旧自行车,也不愿买一辆新的。”would rather do than do 宁愿……也不愿……,为固定用法。故选C。 35. C
【解析】考查动词不定式及动名词。句意:晚饭后,他过去常玩电脑游戏,但是现在他习惯于散步。used to do sth.意为“过去常常做某事”;get used to doing sth.意为“习惯于做某事”,故选C。
36. A
【解析】考查动名词及动词不定式。句意:我们想要买一些食物和饮料,因为我们要邀请一些朋友来聚会。feel like doing sth.想要做某事;invite sb. to do sth.邀请某人做某事。故选A。 37. B
be busy doing sth.“忙于做某事”,forget to do sth.“忘记去做某事”,forget doing sth.“忘记做过某事”。根据句意可知选B。 38. A
此处考查固定句型It's +adj.+for sb. to do sth.,对于某人来说做某事是……的。故选A。 39. C
【解析】考查动词不定式。句意:保持我们的家乡干净又漂亮是我们的职责。我们必须为此做一些事情。It's one's duty +to do sth. 做某事是某人的职责。不定式作真正的主语,故选C。 不定式初中试题。
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