初中英语动词不定式讲解试题和答案 不定式初中试题_教学资源|题库|学习文库-「普洱教育」

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初中英语动词不定式讲解试题和答案 不定式初中试题

教学资源|题库|学习文库-「普洱教育」来源: https://www.puerjy.cn 2020-02-12 10:01英语 755984 ℃
不定式初中试题
初二英语动词不定式讲解 一、作主语,可以用it代替,it叫形式主语,动词不定式放在后面叫真正主语 1.To learn a foreign language is not easy. It is not easy to learn a foreign language. 2. It’s dangerous to drive very fast. 二、作表语 My idea is to ring him up at once. 我的想法是马上给他打电话。 如果主语部分含实义动词do,且作表语的动词又是“do”的内容,这时表语不定式的“to”可以省略。
如:All I did was wait here. 我能做的就是在这里等。 三、常可接动词不定式作宾语的动词有:agree(同意), hope(希望), decide(决定), need(需要), mean(打算), wish(希望), fail(失败), want(想要), begin(开始), would like(想要)等。 He has decided to go to the countryside. 他已决心去乡下。 四、“疑问词 + 动词不定式”结构可以作动词know、think、find out等的宾语。
I don’t know who to ask. 我真不知道该问谁。 五、“疑问词 + 动词不定式”可以作动词show、teach、ask等后面的直接宾语。 She told me where to find the earphone. 她告诉我什么地方可以找到耳机。 六、如果宾语太长,可用it作形式宾语,构成“主语 + 谓语 + it + 宾语不足语(名词或形容词) + to do sth”结构,谓语动词常为find、think、feel等。
I found it difficult to stop him. 我发现拦截他很困难。 七、动词不定式可以作介词的宾语。
Autumn harvest is about to start. 秋收即将开始。 I’m worrying about what to do next. 我正愁下一步该怎么办。 八、作定语的动词不定式与被修饰词有动宾关系。 I have a lot of books to read. 我有许多书要读。
1 此时,如果动词不定式动词为不及物动词,后面的介词绝对不能省略。 We had only a cold room to live in. 我们只有寒室一间。 九、不定式复合结构作主语时,需注意: It’s + 形容词 + for / of + sb + to do sth. 当上面的形容词指的是to do sth的性质时,用介词for。 It’s dangerous for children to swim in the river. 孩子在这条河里游泳很危险。
(游泳这件事情危险) 当上面的形容词指的是sb的性质时,用介词of。这些形容词往往修饰人:good, bad, polite, unkind, kind, nice, clever, right, wrong, careful, careless It was careless of you to do that. 你这么做真粗心。(你这个人粗心) 十、动词hear, see, feel, watch, notice, look at, listen to等后面的动词不定式作宾语补足语时不能带to, 即常见的形式为: hear sb do sth等 Many people like to watch others play games. 许多人喜欢看别人玩游戏. 十一、let, make, have后面的动词不定式作宾语补足语, 也不能带to; help后面的动词不定式作宾语补足语, to可有可无 She let us meet her at the station, but she didn’t come. 她让我们去车站迎接她,卡她没有来. 十二、跟带to的动词不定式作宾语补足语的动词还有: ask, beg, leave, like, love, hate, prefer, order, teach, tell, believe, find, know, want, think, understand, would like等 形式为: ask sb to do sth Would you like me to visit him? 要不要我拜访他? I would prefer you not to come tomorrow. 我宁愿你明天不要来. He ask the driver to stop the motobike. 他要那位司机拦下那辆摩托车. 十三、区别下列词组的不同含义: 2 ①like to do sth like doing sth ②stop to do sth stop doing sth ③remember to do sth remember doing sth ④forget to do sth forget doing sth 十四、It takes sb some time to do sth.花费某人一段时间干某事. It took me half an hour to do my homework yesterday.昨天我花了半小时做回家作业. It took Jim an hour and a half to read the book.吉姆花了一个半小时看这本书. It took mother one and a half hours to do the housework.母亲花了一个半小时干家务. 用汉字表述上面的句型为:It + take + 人 + 一段时间 + to do sth. 一段时间形式往往为像这样的例子:fifteen minutes15分钟,an hour一个小时, two days两天, half a month半个月,a year and a half一年半...等等 十五、不定式的特殊句型Why not "Why not +动词原形"表达向某人提出建议,翻译为:"为什么不……?" "干吗不……?" 例如: Why not take a holiday?干吗不去度假? 3 练习 根据括号内的动词,用适当的形式填空,空内可能不只填一个词,使句子完整意思正确 1. They usually __________ kites on Sundays. (fly) 2. Look。 The dogs __________ after the cat. (run) 3. Miss Gao __________ English in our school since she came here. (teach) 4. The class meeting _________ last Wednesday afternoon. (hold) 5. You should let him __________ the work by himself. (finish) 6. Meimei __________ to wash the old woman’s clothes twice every week. (go) 7. Mr Jiang __________ us Chinese last term. (teach) 8. My father __________ back from Japan tomorrow. (come) 9. It’s seven o’clock now. The Greens __________ breakfast together. (have) 10. Jim __________ many Chinese songs since he came to China. (learn) 11. Please remember __________ the window when you leave the room. (close) 12. After school some students began to do some __________ in the classroom. (clean) 13. English __________ widely in the whole world today. (speak) 4 答案 1. fly, 2. are running, 3. has taught, 4. was held, 5. finish, 6. goes / went, 7. taught, 8. is going to come / is coming / will come / comes 9. are having, 10. has learned, 11. to close, 12. cleaning, 13. is spoken 5 不定式初中试题。
山村小学校长艳史, 威海市实验中学, 中学美女, 新宁中学, 湛江市实验中学, 五华县田家炳中学,

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